Presentation on theme: "Developed by Dawn Rux, Cynthia Red Hill and Roberta Yeske."— Presentation transcript:
Developed by Dawn Rux, Cynthia Red Hill and Roberta Yeske
After the WJIII, WISC, WPPSI, KTEA, DAB, TOLD, PPVT, PAT, EVT, and TOPL results IDEA requires SPED RR, OT, PT, and SLP to create an IEP qualifying under LD, ODD, ADHD, PDD, OED, SED, OHI, or OCD in LRE through RTI mandate including ESY.
Confused??? Let’s Explain…
Special Education Process
Aberdeen School District Facts ASD currently employs 20 Resource Room teachers, 11 Speech and Language Therapists, 2 Occupational Therapists and educational aides. 636 children are in special education, 158 of which are in speech and language services only.
It is the first month of school and there is a child in your room that you are concerned about…. Now what do you do??
Referrals First: SAT – Student Assistance Team Second: SNT – Special Needs Team
SAT The Student Assistance Team is the teacher’s first step in exploring options for improving a child’s education. Members: Teachers, Principal, Resource Room Staff, School Psychologist and Counselor The SAT Referral Form (yellow, elementary or secondary) is filled out by the referring teacher and turned into the Principal prior to the meeting. To make this process successful the teacher is asked to bring data on what behaviors the children is exhibiting and what interventions the teacher has made in the classroom. The Resource Room Staff can assist in this process. Each elementary school averages 25 SAT referrals a year. High school averages 95. Cont…..
Meetings are held every other Wednesday. Team members will be informed which students will be discussed prior to the meeting. The purpose is to problem solve and assist the teacher in appropriate accommodations for the student that may be attempted. The Resource Room staff is available to help set up the accommodations in the classroom. These accommodations will be used in the classroom for 6 weeks. The Teacher will be in contact with the parents with his or her concerns prior to this meeting. Parental issues such as homework not being returned are not a SAT issue unless there is an academic concern.
Intervention? Accommodation? Modification? Intervention: a specific skill-building strategy implemented and monitored to improve a targeted skill and achieve adequate progress in a specific area. This often involves a changing instruction or providing additional instruction to a student in the area of learning or behavior difficulty. This is research-based.
Intervention Examples Best Teaching Practices Reading: AIMS, Sidewalks, CORE activities, Reading Strategies Math: Touch Math, Math Expressions Social: Boys and Girls Town, positive behavior plans Preteaching, Reteaching, Mini lessons of a skill, Manipulatives, Hands-On, One on one assistance, Supplementing curriculum to help students make progress towards benchmarks, Rephrasing directions
Accommodations An accommodation eliminates obstacles that would interfere with a student’s ability to perform or produce at the same standard of performance expected of general education students.
Accommodations Examples Reading a test to a student Allowing extra time to take the same test or completing an assignment Preferential seating Providing an extra set of books at home Staying after school for homework help Signing an assignment notebook Allowing use of calculator Providing study guides before tests Allowing movement to increase physical comfort
Modifications A modification is a change that actually lowers the standards of performance (i.e. what is expected to be known.)
Modification Examples Reading a test and rewording/re- explaining questions on the test Changing multiple choice answers from 4 to 2 options Shortening the spelling list Reducing the number of assignments needed to be completed
Clarification Example If a student was expected to complete 100% of every math assignment given to peers, reducing the number of problems would be a modification. However, if a student was expected to show they could add 2-digit numbers with 100% accuracy allowing the student to work just enough problems (on a assignment) to prove he/she has mastered the goal would be an accommodation.
Documentation Teacher documents the effectiveness of interventions: what worked, what didn’t, how many they tried, how long. Interventions will be used 6 weeks before reporting back to SAT. After reporting to the SAT, a decision will be made to continue interventions or refer to Special Needs Team.
SNT Special Needs Team (SNT) Team: Teacher, Principal, Resource Room, Psychologist, SPED Coordinator, Counselor, Speech and Language Therapist, Deaf Educator and Occupational Therapist and Physical Therapist (as needed). Meets every other week, opposite of SAT meeting.
SNT Procedure Procedure once a student is referred to SNT from SAT: The Student Referral Form (pink) needs to be filled out prior to SNT and turned into the Principal. Parents need to be contacted. The Team will be informed which students will be discussed prior to the meeting. Any pertinent information should include: therapy notes, data sheets, grade book, cumulative file, Parent Report Form, etc.
Referrals Beginning the Special Education Process
What constitutes a special education referral? A parent calls the teacher about their child’s inability to get along with others. A parent s about their child’s speech. A teacher talks to the SPED Resource Room teacher about the child’s difficulty in math and reading. The school counselor talks to the principal about a child’s behavior. Interventions in the classroom have not been successful.
The referral process generally begins when a teacher, parent, or doctor is concerned that a child may be having trouble in the classroom, and the teacher notifies the principal, school counselor or psychologist. Interventions have been attempted and are not successful.
Who is responsible for putting the referral in writing? The teacher along with the Resource Room teacher or Speech and Language Pathologist will fill out the (pink) referral form.
Who gets the written referral? The Principal will review the referral form and initiate the process by bringing the student to the attention of the Special Needs Team.
Who documents a parent referral? The Special Education staff are required to put the referral in writing along with a prior notice to the parents on what actions are being taken. To neglect this is to be out of compliance with regulations.
SNT INITIAL REFERRALS: Background information is reviewed and concerns discussed. Teacher is asked to give information on their concerns and child’s academic functioning. Teachers are asked to bring whatever documentation that they feel is pertinent to this student along with the data graphed from the interventions made. Tests will be recommended and assigned to staff. Parent Report Form will be reviewed.
Psychological Evaluations: Intelligence (IQ), verbal communication, perceptive reasoning, processing and memory. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) Functional assessment and classroom observation: behavior in classroom, parent and/or interview.
These evaluations will show the student’s intellectual ability at that time. Scores range from: Low average, Average All other scores will be compared to these scores. Cont……
Cont….. For Attention: Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC) Connors Parent Test Rating Scale (Connors) The school cannot recommend medication and only a Doctor can prescribe the medication. A parent may take the school’s evaluation information to the Doctor.
Academic Evaluation: These evaluations will show what they are achieving at this time. Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement (KTEA) Diagnostic Achievement Battery (DAB-3) Woodcock Johnson Reading Fluency (WJIII) Key Math Test Reading Fluency Cont….
Functional: (Present level of performance) Brigance Comprehensive Inventory of Basic Skills: this will show specific skills that the student uses. This is their present level of performance. Observation: In classroom observation by Special Education staff of attention, on task behavior, participation, behavior, adaptive skills they use, and quantity and quality of work. It is compared to their peers on a scale of 1-5.
Initial evaluations are completed by district evaluators. Re-Evaluations are completed by special education staff.
Speech and Language Evaluations SLP’s evaluate communication disorders of which there are two types: –Language disorders: problems with using proper forms of language (phonology, morphology, syntax), using the content of language (semantics) and using the functions of language (pragmatics). –Speech disorders: problems producing speech sounds (articulation), controlling sounds that are produced (voice), and controlling the rate and rhythm of speech (fluency). Cont…..
Speech and Language Tests: Photo Articulation Test (PAT3) Goldman Fristoe Articulation Test (GFAT) Assessment of Phonological Process-Revised (APP-R) Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) Expressive Vocabulary Test (EVT) Test of Language Development: Primary or Intermediate (TOLD) Test of Language Development- Primary:3/Intermediate:3 (TOLD-P:3 or I) Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-3 (CELF-3) Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language-3 (TACL-3) Other tests may be used depending on need.
Occupational Therapy Evaluations Occupational therapy is skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. Occupational therapy assists people in developing the "skills for the job of living" necessary for independent and satisfying lives. Services typically include Customized treatment programs to improve one's ability to perform daily activities Comprehensive home and job site evaluations with adaptation recommendations Performance skills assessments and treatment Adaptive equipment recommendations and usage training Guidance to family members and caregivers Cont……
OT Evaluations: Battelle Developmental Inventory Peabody Developmental Motor Scales Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency School Functional Assessment Sensory Profile Developmental Test of Visual Perception -2
Physical Therapy Evaluations A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises and equipment to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities. Physical therapists work with many types of patients, from infants born with musculoskeletal birth defects, to adults suffering from sciatica or the after- effects of injury, to elderly post-stroke patients. Evaluations used are the same as OT.
After SNT Once the testing is assigned, the paperwork is mailed home to the parent: –Parental Consent for Evaluation (yellow) –South Dakota Parental Rights and Procedural Safeguards (packet)
Abbreviated Parental Rights covers: Surrogate parents Parent participation Written notice Consent Right of refusal Assessment Independent educational evaluations Individualized Education Program Transition Access to education records and other rights related to records. Suspension, alternative placement and expulsion of Special Education Students Due process Children attending private schools Parent placement in a non-public school Complaints
Timelines Once a parent signs the consent, we have 25 school days from the date received to complete all evaluations. Evaluations are completed. Following evaluation there are 30 calendar days to hold a meeting to discuss results with the parents.
Qualifying Areas Disability Areas: oDeaf-Blind oEmotionally Disturbed oCognitive Disabilities oHearing Loss oLearning Disabled: Oral Expression, Listening Comprehension, Written Expression, Basic Reading Skills, Reading Fluency Skills, Reading Comprehension, Mathematic Calculation, Mathematics Problem Solving oMultiple Disabilities Continued……
Continued….. oOrthopedic Impairment oVision Loss oDeaf oSpeech/Language oOther Health Impaired oAutism oTraumatic Brain Injury oDevelopmentally Delayed (ages 3-5)
Test Score Comparisons Each test has an average range of scores; usually from 85 or 90 to 110 or 115. Each individual child’s full scale IQ score is compared to their testing scores.
This discrepancy scale is required by the federal government.
Scenarios # 1 “Jacob” WISC – IV Verbal comprehension 96 Perceptual Reasoning90 Working memory94 Processing Speed94 Full Scale IQ91 South Dakota Discrepancy score: 76 or below in one or more of the following qualifying academic areas.
Would this child qualify? What would the child qualify under?
Answer: Child does not qualify for special education under LD category.
#2 “Sarah” WISC - IV Verbal Comprehension 110 Perceptual Reasoning 121 Working Memory102 Processing Speed100 Full Scale113 South Dakota Discrepancy score: 87 or below in one or more of the following qualifying academic areas.
Would this child qualify? What would the child qualify under?
Answer: Child qualifies for special education under LD category.
#3 “Betty” WISC – IV Verbal comprehension 98 Perceptual Reasoning 92 Working memory86 Processing Speed97 Full Scale IQ91 South Dakota Discrepancy score: 76 or below in one or more of the following qualifying academic areas. --through academic testing child did not qualify under LD category.
Would this child qualify? What would the child qualify under?
Answer: Child does not qualify for special education under Other Health Impaired – ADHD
Re-Evaluation A child is re-evaluated every three years or if their situation has drastically changed.
Meeting Time! Meetings are set up by each school’s secretary who will then the staff on the time and date. Team Members: Parents, Teacher, Principal, Evaluators, RR, SLP, Deaf Educator, OT, PT (as needed). Prior to the meeting, parents receive a copy of the evaluation, Parent Rights form and a Prior Notice for the meeting.
A Multidisciplinary Team Assessment Report Determination of Eligibility/ Continued Eligibility form is used as a team decision making tool.
Individualized Education Plan Once a need category has been determined and services are recommended, an IEP is developed.
Individualized Education Plan (IEP): The purpose of an IEP is to discuss the evaluations (initial IEP or 3 year) or progress (annual IEP), determine accommodations or modifications needed, determine goals, services to be provided, ESY services and to receive parental consent. An annual IEP is held before the previous year’s date. ASD uses Infinite Campus to manage the SPED caseload.
List of Accommodations Behavior Arrange a “check-in” time to organize the day Use verbal/nonverbal cues Teach acceptable behavior Anticipate problems Use role-play Positive as well as negative consequences Teach problem solving Seat close to teacher Set time limits for task Provide study carrel Reduce distractions Provide checklists for completion of assignments Teach self correction Use peer tutors Be aware of behavior that relates to medication change Develop interventions for behaviors that are annoying but not deliberate
Tests Go over directions orally Teach the students how to take tests Provide a vocabulary list with definitions Permit as much time as possible Allow tests to be taken in a room with few distractions Have tests read orally and have students answer orally Divide tests into smaller sections Use recognition tests instead of essays Use simple wording Allow open book/open note Provide study guides Test review with LD teacher, parents, tutor, or others
Reading Use taped text Highlight text Use material at student reading level Use study guide Shorten assignments Read text to student Allow extra time Omit more difficult reading assignments Use legible, well spaced worksheets Use reading strategies Use assisted reading Use choral reading Use guide strips Provide two text books, one for home and one for school. Use word for word sentence fill ins
Math Use graph paper Highlight key words in directions Use consistent math terms Group problems of same process Copy problems for students Read story problems Use calculator Use number line Use multiplication chart Shorten assignments Use manipulatives Provide practice Review concepts frequently Use pictures or graphics
Handwriting Use worksheets that require minimal writing Use fill in questions rather than short essay questions Photocopy teacher or other students notes Provide a print copy of assignments or directions Omit assignments that require copying, let student dictate answers
Instructional Approaches Multisensory presentation of content Speak slowly Reinforce instruction with learning centers Use cooperative learning strategies Use technology Clear corrective feedback Write directions of board or provide copy Limit number of steps in directions Have students repeat directions Provide wait time Provide visual aids Stand near the student when giving directions or presenting a lesson
Other Shorten assignments Shorten spelling list Modify expectations based on students needs Give alternatives to long written reports Use post-it notes to mark assignments Check progress in first few minutes of assignments Sequence work with easiest first Break long term assignments into small, sequential steps, with daily monitoring and frequent grading Assignment notebook Grade work based on students needs Please refer to the Prereferral Intervention Manual, check with your building principal on its location.
RTI Response to Intervention is a Federally mandated program which will greatly affect this process. In the future the emphasis will be on classroom modifications under the direction of the Resource Room rather then relying on pull out services. RTI training will begin in the next calendar year. The goal of RTI is to meet every child’s needs in the least restrictive environment (LRE).
RTI methodology is conceptualized within a three-tiered model of prevention across all students in a school, general education and special education students. If you could place all of the students in your school into a triangle, the three-tiered model of prevention will look like this: Cont….
Handout Flow chart of special education process
Referral Process for Initial Evaluations SAT Student concerns Teacher discusses with parent Teacher discusses with Principal and Special Education Staff Teacher fills out SAT form Discuss with SAT Interventions attempted for 6 weeks Successful – no further action Unsuccessful –Pink Referral Form Completed
Cont. Referral Process for Initial Evaluations SNT Data and file reviewed Evaluations recommended Prior Notice and Consent for Evaluation sent to Parents Tests Administered – 25 school days Functional assessment and observation completed Results to SNT Meeting Prior Notice sent to team Team meeting (including Parents) Review Evaluation results If student qualifies – write IEP If not – discuss modifications and/or alternatives
Infinite Campus On the 2007 edition of Infinite Campus, teachers are able to pull up the child’s file and see an IEP marker. Clicking on it will take them to the IEP to preview or review during the year.
Team Effort Every child’s education is the responsibility of an entire team – parents, teachers, administration, counseling and special education staff. No one entity can do justice to the entire process. Success depends on how well we work together.