Wisconsin Department of Instruction. (2013) Workshop for School Teams. Brown, Scott DPI Education Consultant and Laffin, Kathy Independent Education Consultant.
Three Criteria: Inadequate classroom achievement (after intervention) Insufficient Progress Consideration of exclusionary factors Sources of Data Observation Formal and informal assessment data Documentation Requirements
Documentation of intensive intervention before assessing Classroom Achievement. Inadequate Classroom Achievement defined as 1.25 standard deviations or more below the mean for same age peers. Additional Exclusionary Factor: Lack of appropriate instruction in the area(s) under consideration (Not just reading and mathematics) Information processing is no longer required.
Specific Learning Disability means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or perform mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities,
brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and developmental aphasia. The term does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, motor disabilities, cognitive disabilities, emotional disturbance, cultural factors, environmental or economic disadvantage.
IEP Form ER-2: Additional Documentation Required when child is evaluated for Specific Learning Disabilities ER-2: The student received intensive intervention, which was applied in a manner highly consistent with its design, closely aligned to pupil need, and culturally appropriate. THIS INFORMATION MUST BE DOCUMENTED IN ORDER TO CONTINUE WITH A SLD EVALUATION
IEP team should clearly identify each area of potential SLD that will be evaluated Inadequate Classroom Achievement Insufficient Progress Exclusionary Factors TestingObservationsInterventions Observations Data Collection/ Analysis
Written Expression Basic Reading Skill Reading Fluency Reading Comprehension Mathematics Calculation Mathematics Problem Solving Oral Expression Listening Comprehension
Once a school begins to use response to intensive intervention method, it must be used for ALL SLD eligibility decisions for students enrolled at the school. School-based not district-based decision. Parents of ALL enrolled students must be notified at least 10 days before implementation.
Inadequate Classroom Achievement Insufficient Progress Impairment Need for Special Education
1.25 standard deviations below the mean on standardized assessments in one or more of the 8 areas AFTER INTENSIVE INTERVENTIONS
Type 1: 1 required prior to academic testing for inadequate classroom achievement Required of all SLD evaluations Type 2: 2 required for EACH area of potential SLD concern. More rigorous than those required in #1. If implemented PRIOR to academic testing, may count for #1 also. Required for enrolled public school students after school begins using new criteria.
Used with individual or small groups Focused on single or small number of discrete skills Include substantial number of instructional minutes beyond what is provided to all students Applied in a manner highly consistent with its design, closely aligned to student need. Culturally responsive.
Adequate Fidelity – 80% of the recommended number of weeks, sessions and minutes per/session. Substantial Number of Minutes – not clearly specified by the state however, should be consistent with the recommended minutes prescribed by the intervention. Two Interventions – they can include the same intervention done more frequently, for larger periods of time in a smaller group.
Insufficient response to intensive, scientific researched-based or evidence-based interventions. Progress monitoring data from at least 2 intensive interventions in EACH area of potential SLD is required. Baseline data and at least weekly progress monitoring is required. Rate of progress is compared to same-age peers.
Progress is the same or less than same-age peers OR Progress is greater than same-age peers but will not result in reaching the average range of achievement in a reasonable period of time OR Progress is greater than same-age peers but the intensity of resources necessary to obtain this rate of progress cannot be maintained in general education
What is progress monitoring? A scientifically based practice to assess student response to intervention Uses Valid and reliable tools (Probes) Brief, direct measures of specific academic skills Multiple equal or nearly equal forms Sensitive to small changes in student performance Provides valid, reliable measures of performance during intervention. Pl 11.02 (9)
The IEP team may not identify a student with SLD If inadequate classroom achievement or insufficient Progress is primarily due to a Exclusionary Factor.
Environmental or economic disadvantage, or cultural factors. Lack of appropriate instruction in reading, math or any other areas of SLD being considered. Limited English Proficiency Other Impairments. Pl11.36(6)(d)1.
Native Language and Culture Proficiency in First and Second Language Consistency with Cultural Expectations and School Expectations
Is there evidence that the student received appropriate instruction in the area of concern? Core instruction provided regularly? Core instruction delivered according to design and methodology by qualified personnel? Differentiated instruction in the core curriculum was provided?
Licensed person qualified to assess data on individual rate of progress Licensed person who implemented scientific, research-based or evidence –based, intensive interventions Licensed person qualified to conduct individual diagnostic evaluations One team member who can serve multiple roles Pl 11.36(6)(d)3.
As part of the evaluation: Systematic observation of routine classroom instruction and monitoring of the students performance in each area of concern Systematic observation during intensive interventions in the area(s) of concern (not the person responsible for implementing the intervention)
Step One: Student is struggling in the core curriculum…. Provide differentiated instruction in the core (Tier 1) Step Two: Student continues to struggle based on data, provide intensive intervention (consider requesting SST) based on recommendation of data team. (Tier 2) Step Three: Modify or intensify interventions or change to a different intervention, based on recommendations of data team or SST. (Tier 2) Step Four: Student continues to struggle after multiple interventions with appropriate data, consider SLD referral. (Tier 3)