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© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Male haircuts - Parallel layers
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Introduction You need to take extra care when cutting short hair and sharp, defined haircuts. The client's hairline and hair-growth patterns are more obvious and mistakes are easier to see. There are specific factors you should look out for during the client analysis stage that can have a strong influence on the way you cut men's hair and the sort of finished look you can achieve. Facial hair Side burns Ears Partings
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 1 of 30 - Before you cut To achieve the right haircut for your client, it is very important to look carefully at their features - the shape of their face; hair-growth patterns; quantity and quality of hair. You should check all these as part of your client consultation.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 2 of 30 - Hairlines As part of your client consultation, and before you start your haircut, it is also important to check your client's hairlines. You should do this when the hair is dry and again when the hair is wet after shampooing. Not everyone has a perfect hairline so make sure you check for uneven growth and awkward, moving shapes. There are four areas to look at: Front Sides Nape Crown This slide shows the front hairline.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 3 of 30 - Hairline, side This is the side hairline.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 4 of 30 - Hairline, nape This is the nape hairline
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 5 of 30 – The crown Check the crown area.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 6 of 30 - Profile line Take a profile line from the front hairline to the back of the crown. This should be taken from either side of the central parting and should be about the width of your finger. Make sure that this section is central. This will be the guideline you use for the rest of your haircut. Your profile line determines the length of your cut. More importantly, it also determines the balance.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 7 of 30 - Layering, parallel Take your guideline from the fringe length. Hold the hair up at a 90-degree angle to the head at all times. Our stylist is using parallel layering. Tip: The length of your client's previous haircut will determine the finished look you are able to achieve.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 8 of 30 - Layering Cutting against your profile line and holding the hair at a 90-degree angle to the head, work backwards towards the crown. When you are layering hair it is best to stand on the opposite side to the side you are cutting. This gives you more control and allows you to see your guideline more clearly. Tip: The client's head should be in an upright position at all times. And remember to keep the hair wet throughout your cut.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 9 of 30 - Top box section Split the top area into three box sections. Your first box is the top box section. Take a horizontal guideline from the centre of the top box section. Blend in your guideline, starting at the back of the crown. Hold the hair up at a 90- degree angle from the head and work in horizontal lines across the head.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 10 of 30 - Top box section Work from the crown area towards the front hairline. As you progress towards the front hairline, pull back the final front section to meet your previous section. This will maintain length at the front. It is very important to work cleanly. If your guidelines are clear, you can follow them more easily and you will create cleaner cutting lines.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 11 of 30 - Box sections 2 and 3 To create your second and third boxes you divide the hair into two further sections. First, split the top box area in half. This will give you your guideline for box 2. When you have cut box 2, divide that section in half down towards the ear. This will give you your guideline for the side hairlines. To create parallel layers, always hold the hair at a 90-degree angle away from the head. Tip: Creating three box sections at the front area gives you more control and allows you to see your guideline at all stages of your haircut.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 12 of 30 - Box 2 Using the guideline you created in the top box, blend the hair into your second box. Keep the hair at 90 degrees from the head and make sure you are following your guideline.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 13 of 30 - Box 3 Using your guideline from box 2, blend the hair into box 3. Pull the hair parallel and work downwards towards the ear section. Remember: keep the hair wet at all times; follow your guideline; make clean, even sections; and ensure the client's head is in an upright position.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 14 of 30 - Box section As you start to blend boxes 2 and 3 together, work forwards towards your hairline. Remember to pull back the hair at the front hairline to maintain length.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 15 of 30 - Box section, other side Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the head. Remember to: split the top box area in half to create box 2; split box 2 in half to create box 3; work forward from the crown to the front hairline; pull back the hair at the front to maintain length; keep an even tension within your haircut; keep the hair wet as you are cutting; and hold the hair parallel to the head.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 16 of 30 - Cross-check front area When you have created a style within your haircut, you need to check across both sides to make sure your cut is balanced and even. If you cut the hair horizontally, you must cross-check vertically. If you cut the hair vertically, you must cross-check horizontally. Our stylist is checking the hair horizontally because this section has been cut vertically. You want to take off the barest minimum of hair when you are cross-checking. If you find you are taking off a lot of hair, you did not cut the hair at the correct angle.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 17 of 30 - Blend in crown area Take a semi-circular section from the front of the crown to the bottom of the crown. This section will allow you to blend in the top section with the back area. Dividing your haircut into sections will help you follow your guidelines and keep a check on the shape of your haircut.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 18 of 30 - Crown area Take your guideline from the profile line you created at the top of the crown. Blend into the crown, working out from the centre of your section to the back of the crown. Hold the hair at 90 degrees to the head and make parallel cuts. Tip: Check the crown area at the consultation stage. Some clients will have double crowns. If you cut double crowns short, the hair will stick up. (You can compensate for this by leaving more length at the crown.)
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 19 of 30 - Crown area Angle your section out from the centre of the crown towards the back of your section. Keep the hair wet at all time and work with clean lines.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 20 of 30 - Crown area Repeat the same procedure on the other side of the head, paying particular attention to: your guidelines; your sectioning pattern; the balance of the cut; your standing position; and keeping the hair wet.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 21 of 30 - Cross-check crown area As you create a haircut, you should be checking all the time to make sure your cut is balanced and even. If you cut the hair horizontally, you must cross-check vertically. If you cut the hair vertically, you must cross-check horizontally You want to take off the barest minimum of hair when you are cross-checking. If you find you are taking off a lot of hair, you did not cut the hair at the correct angle in the first place.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 22 of 30 - Blend down into the nape Take a profile line down the centre of the head from the bottom of the crown to the nape hairline. Your profile can be taken either side of your centre point. It should be one finger wide. Tip: Your profile line must be central. It is there to help you achieve a balance between both sides of your haircut.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 23 of 30 - Back area Work outwards from the profile line at the bottom of the crown towards the back of the ear. Hold the hair parallel to the head and blend in the hair from the back area, cutting it to the same length as your profile line.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 24 of 30 - Back area Our stylist is working down towards the nape area, holding the hair parallel to the head shape. Pivot your sections down towards the nape area. As you work down, the client's head should be in a slightly downward position. This will make it much easier for you to create your angle. Tip: When you are layering, always stand on the opposite side to the one you are cutting. You will have more control and be able to see your guideline more clearly.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 25 of 30 - Back of the ear Our stylist started at the centre point and is working outwards towards the back of the ear. As you do this, the fan-like sections you are creating will become more apparent. Repeat the same procedure on the other side.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 26 of 30 - Cross-check, back area As you cut the second side, check to make sure your cut is balanced and even. You should be checking the balance of your haircut regularly as you work. And remember: if you cut the hair horizontally, you must cross-check vertically; but if you cut the hair vertically, you must cross-check horizontally.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 27 of 30 - Finishing, nape area Now that you have completed the perimeter, you can personalise your haircut. With this style, you could blunt cut or point cut into the hair at the nape, side and front areas. Point cutting will eliminate excess length and give you a soft-looking result. Tip: No one can teach you how to personalise your haircuts. This is when you will use your own creativity and ideas.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 28 of 30 - Finishing, side area Now that you have completed the perimeter, you can personalise your haircut. With this style, you could blunt cut or point cut into the hair at the nape, side and front areas. Point cutting will eliminate excess length and give you a soft-looking result.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 29 of 30 - Finishing, front area Now that you have completed the perimeter, you can personalise your haircut. With this style, you could blunt cut or point cut into the hair at the nape, side and front areas. Point cutting will eliminate excess length and give you a soft-looking result.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 30 of 30 - Finished result As you can see from our finished result, we have created an even weight distribution, therefore enabling the hair to move across the head, creating different finished results.
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