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© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Male haircuts - Scissors over comb
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Introduction Scissors over comb is used to create close-cut, defined shapes in short, cropped hair. The technique is generally used in men's hairdressing to create a look that tapers in at the nape and side areas. The hair is cut short in the nape and gradually increased in length towards the occipital or crown area, depending on which style the client has chosen. The shape of the cut can be blunted or the ends softened by using either cutting or thinning scissors over the comb. The comb is used to lift the hair up, usually starting at the nape or side area. Accurate use of the comb is important as it guides the scissors and helps to shape the cut. The scissors-over-comb action should be fairly fast to prevent steps forming in the haircut.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 1 of 13 - Before Our model has a square face shape with a very strong front hairline. He has flat even growth hairlines. We are creating a strong, short haircut so it is important that we check for irregular hairlines and unbalanced features.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 2 of 13 - Nape area Start at the nape. With your client's head facing downwards, place the small teeth of the comb flat against the nape and lift the hair. Cut the hair straight across the ends with the tips of your scissors. When you come to cut behind the ear, tilt the head slightly to the side as you work. This will allow you to get your scissors closer in to the head. In this cut, you create a short, sharp look by keeping the comb flat against the head shape and using the small teeth of the cutting comb. This allows you to cut the hair shorter. Remember that, when using the scissors-over-comb technique, you should keep your scissors and comb moving at all times. If you don't, you will make blunt steps in the cut. Tip: Keep the hair slightly wet as you cut. And remember to keep your scissors and comb moving together at all times, to avoid creating 'steps' in your haircut.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 3 of 13 - Building up weight/back area At this point in your cut, it is important to assess the shape of your client's head around the occipital area. For example, if you client has a flat head shape, you may want to build up more length in this area to disguise the shape. Follow the natural head shape. As you work up towards the bottom of the crown, the head should be in an upright position. Tip: This technique is like graduation. The hair is shorter at the nape and longer on the top. The width of your comb will determine the length. Angle your comb away from the head shape. This will allow you to create more length at the top of the section.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 4 of 13 -Back area At this point, you should start to see the shape of your cut emerging. This will help you to decide how much length to create at the bottom of the crown. The length you create here will determine the way you approach the rest of your haircut. When you start working at the back of the ear, you will notice that the head shape is flatter in this area. It is important that you use the same technique here as you use on the rest of the back area or you will get an uneven result. Many people's ears are not evenly balanced. And some stick out at an angle from the head. Tip: Some people's ears are not evenly balanced. This is one of the characteristics you need to look for during your client consultation. Lean the client's head slightly over to the side. Angle your comb around the back of the ear and blend the back and ear areas together.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 5 of 13 -Temple area Our stylist is creating a short, sharp look at the side area and building up length at the top of the temple area. The head should be in an upright position. Using the small teeth of the comb, start at the side hairline and work up to the temple. Angle your comb away from the head shape to build up length. Be careful to blend in the back area as you cut the temple area. Repeat on the other side. Tip: Keep an eye on the balance of your haircut, checking one side against the other. It is important to keep checking the shape and balance of your cut. Stand back as you work to get a good view of the shape you are creating. At this stage of the cut you need to take into account your client's side burns.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 6 of 13 - Top area Take a guideline from the side area to create length at the top of the section. Holding the hair parallel to the head shape, work forward across the top box section towards the front hairline. Blend in the top of the crown with the bottom of the crown, keeping your layers parallel to the head. And keep on checking the balance and shape of your cut as you work. Here, our stylist is point cutting the ends of the hair to create a soft, textured look.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 7 of 13 - Top area At this stage of the haircut, you should start to let the hair dry. This will allow you to see the shape of your cut and the texture you are creating. Our stylist is using thinning scissors in the top area to create texture.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 8 of 13 - Reducing the internal weight Use thinning scissors to reduce the internal weight of the hair. Start with your scissors in the middle of the section and work upwards to the ends of the hair. This will reduce the internal weight and give you a soft texture on the ends of the hair. Work with one section at a time to make sure that you don't take out too much weight. Tip: When using thinning scissors, be aware of how much weight the scissors take out. When you are reducing the internal weight of the hair, you should cut it when it is almost dry. Practice this technique; it is a very effective way of reducing length and weight. It can look quite dramatic, though, so you should explain what you are doing to your client.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 9 of 13 – Reducing weight Our stylist is reducing weight from the middle and ends of the section.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 10 of 13 - Application of product Here you can see that our model's clothing is covered with a gown and our stylist is wearing gloves to protect their hands. We are using Wella accord mousse 5/0 light brown.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 11 of 13 - Colour technique Before applying the colour, we shampooed and towel-dried the hair. Our stylist is using a wide-tooth comb to apply the product. This will help achieve an even distribution of colour through the hair.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 12 of 13 - Colour technique Apply the colour evenly through the hair. Do not rinse it out. The hair is now ready to be styled.
© Hairdressing-Training.com 2004 Step 13 of 13 - Final result Our model's hair has been blow-dried using a vent brush. This is a lightweight, plastic brush. It is the easiest to use and the most popular with both men and women stylists. You use it to add volume to your haircuts. A vent brush is easy to recognise. There are a few stiff bristles and some large holes in the head of the brush. It is called a vent brush because the spaces in the head allow hot air from the dryer to flow through. Vent brushes are also useful for detangling hair, both wet and dry. We finished the look by using sculpting gel to give a clear, defined result at the front.
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