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Lecture 8 March 17 2013 DIVINE REVELATION: A STUDY OF THE QUR’ANIC SCIENCES Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Lecture 8 March 17 2013 DIVINE REVELATION: A STUDY OF THE QUR’ANIC SCIENCES Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture 8 March DIVINE REVELATION: A STUDY OF THE QUR’ANIC SCIENCES Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 1

2 Chapter 6 2 Qur'anic Sciences - DKI INTRODUCTION TO TAFSIR

3  The word ‘tafsir’ is derived from ‘fasr’  Means ‘to open’  Technical definition:  The science of Tafsir is that branch of knowledge that deals with the method of the delivery of the words of the Qur’an and their interpretation in their individual and composite forms  Six components  How the words are read (Qira’at)  Interpretation/meaning of the words  Grammatical form, root, conjugation, and etymology of the words  Rules regarding compound words/phrases  Impact of compound words/phrases on the definition of those words  Summation of meanings and context Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 3 TAFSIR

4  There are sources of Tafsir of the Qur’an: 1.The Qur’an itself 2.The Hadith 3.The commentary of the Sahabah 4.The commentary of the students of the Sahabah (the Tabi’in) 5.Arabic language and grammar 6.Logic and common sense Unreliable sources of Tafsir  Isra’iliyat  Interpretations of the Sufis  Self-conceived interpretations Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 4 SOURCES OF TAFSIR

5  From the Sahabah:  Abdullah ibn Abbas  Ali ibn Abi Talib  Abdullah bin Mas’ud  Ubayy bin Ka’b  After the Sahabah:  Mujahid  Sa’id bin Jubayr  Ikrimah  Ta’wus  Hasan Basri  Qatadah  Alaqama  Many more Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 5 EARLY EXEGETES (MUFASSIRUN)

6  Ma’ariful Qur’an  Mufti Muhammad Shafi  English translation by Mufti Taqi Uthmani  Tafsir Ibn Kathir  Tafsir Kabir  Imam Al-Razi  Tafsir Al-Qurtubi  Ruh-ul Ma’ani  Imam Muhammad Alusi Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 6 RECOMMENDED WORKS OF TAFSIR

7  Exam – March 24 th  Next week  Recommended supplementary reading: An Approach to the Qur’anic Sciences By Mufti Muhammad Taqi Uthmani  Questions? Qur'anic Sciences - DKI 7 ASSIGNMENTS & QUESTIONS


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