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Islam By: Drew Brackett, Austin Frueh, Jesus Valdez.

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Presentation on theme: "Islam By: Drew Brackett, Austin Frueh, Jesus Valdez."— Presentation transcript:

1 Islam By: Drew Brackett, Austin Frueh, Jesus Valdez

2 The Numbers Between 1 billion and 1.8 billion Muslims in the world 2 nd largest religion behind Christianity Almost all Muslims belong to one of two major denominations, the Sunni (85%) and Shi'a or Shi'ite (15%).

3 Facts about Islam Founded in 622 CE Worship in Mosques Original language is Arabic Sacred text is the Qur'an (Koran) Strictly monotheism Mainly located in the Middle East and North Africa

4 History Founded by Muhammad in Mecca, Saudi Arabia Muhammad receives a revelation from Allah through the angel Gabriel when he was forty years old. Mohammad begins to preach his visions. Because of this he is persecuted and flees to Medina (marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar)

5 Muhammad K nown as the prophet of Islam Married a rich wife which allowed him to reflect on life Recieves a revelation from Allah

6 Twelve Imams (successors of Muhammad) 1. Ali 2. Al-Hasan 3. al-Husain 4. Ali Zayn al-Abidin 5. Muhammad al-Baqir 6. Ja'far al-Sadiq 7. Musa al-Kazim 8. Ali al-Rida 9. Muhammad al-Taqi 10. Ali al-Naqi 11. al-Hasan al-Askari 12. Muhammad al-Mahdi

7 Beliefs God is known as Allah How to live: Follow the Qur'an, Hadith and Five Pillars of Islam Believe in Six Articles of Faith Strict monotheism Submit to the will of Allah and attain paradise after death Born in a state of purity, imperfect yet capable of seeking God and doing good Resurrection of body and soul followed by eternal paradise or hell

8 Daily Life They pray 5 times a day Business ethics Modesty in dress and behavior Dietary rules Marriage Care of children and elderly Racism and prejudice Relations with non-Muslims

9 Role of women Islam considers a woman to be equal to a man as a human being and as his partner in this life. Muslim Women Have the Right to Go Outside of Her Home A Woman in Islam Has the Right to Get an Education The Right to Go to the Mosque The Right to Seek Employment A Muslim Woman is Required to Dress a Certain Way When She Goes Out in Public

10 Terrorism Islamic people are not terrorists Only a small portion are and that is a conspiracy group The terrorists are traitors to their own faith, trying, in effect, to hijack Islam itself. The enemy of America is not our many Muslim friends; it is not many Arab friends. Our enemy is a radical network of terrorists, and every government that supports them. –George W. Bush

11 Difference between Sunni and Shia Muslims Main difference is who is the rightful successor/leader of Muhammads death Sunnis follow the Rashidun (rightly-guided caliphs), which were the first four caliphs Shia believe special spiritual qualities have been granted not only to the Prophet Muhammad but also to Ali and the other Imams

12 Works Cited rophet.htm rophet.htm o.htm o.htm m rophet.htm rophet.htm o.htm o.htm m

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