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Victor Valcour, MD, PhD Memory and Aging Center MSTAR Didactics Lecture July 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Victor Valcour, MD, PhD Memory and Aging Center MSTAR Didactics Lecture July 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Victor Valcour, MD, PhD Memory and Aging Center MSTAR Didactics Lecture July 2014

2 I.Why Present II. What to Present -Telling a scientific story -Know your audience III. How to Present -Power point basics -Presentation and Communication Skills

3 Communicate your science beyond the lab Get Feedback from others Network Career Advancement -Grant proposals and job applications -Promotions -Grant renewals and progress reports -Establishing expertise in the field

4 Identify 1 or 2 overarching themes or questions Create an outline before preparing slides Start broad and progress to more specific Tell a story- logical, not chronological

5 Tailor to audience What is the audience’s existing knowledge on the topic? What is the audience’s goal? (CME vs. scientific information) What is the audience’s interest in the topic? What are your goals for giving your talk to this audience?

6 What is your scientific question? Introduction and Hypothesis Why should people care? Background, Rationale, Importance to the field What did you do? Methods What did you find? Results What do your results mean? Discussion and Conclusion


8 1. Title- short and clear 2. Disclosures (if needed) 3. Outline (for larger talks only) 4. Introduction/Background 5. Methods 6. Results 7. Limitations 8. Conclusion/Implications 9. Acknowledgements

9 Why is this important? (separate slide) Prior work on the topic (include citations) Who is impacted? Clinical or policy implications? How you will your work contribute to the field and this particular topic? How will your work impact patients, clinicians, researchers? Make sure it will connect to the discussion Establish your scientific question and state your hypothesis in one slide (optional)

10 Describe the population What type of study? What tools were used? Statistical Approach

11 Concise, clear, and thorough Provide charts, graphs and tables whenever possible Include statistical values (p, mean, etc.) Only present what is relevant to your main point Limit amount per slide (don’t cram)

12 Address Shortcomings: Is your sample size small? Were the measures used not optimal for your population? Are your findings applicable across populations or restricted to certain demographics ? What can be done better/differently next time?

13 1.What do you want to leave the audience thinking about? 1.What is your major point? Drive it home here in one sentence 1.Interpret results in the context of the bigger picture and implications for future research *Refer back to Introduction

14 * Expected findings ** Be sure to state hypothesis

15 IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsConclusions

16 Be cautious with Powerpoint templates- use departmental templates Avoid fancy animations and special effects Use your ‘white’ space sparingly Title slides with succinct, descriptive headings

17 Use high contrast colors: Dark background and light letters –large spaces Light background and dark letters- small spaces Avoid neon colors in text or background


19 1.5-2 pt. spacing between bullet points Use Sans Serif Fonts Arial, Calibri, Helvetica Font size: Headings: 36-44 point Body: 24-36 point References: 14 point

20 This is 14 point This is 18 point This is 36 point This is 44 point

21 Minimize number of figures in one slide (1 main figure/slide) Provide clear, easy to read titles and axis labels Orient the audience to what is most important in the figure Simplify complex figures to bare necessities

22 Egger, 40th ICAAC MenWomen Egger, 40 th ICAAC Abs 1374

23 ArmBaselineWk48Wk96Wk144Wk192 Total Immediate 00051823 Deferred wk144 0087621 Deferred Start 0323412 HEU 00022325 HUU 00021719 Total03101968100 *Assuming no new enrollees 23

24 SiteBaselineWk48Wk96Wk144Wk192Total HIV-NAT0161028 45 KKU02055 12 RIHES004435 43 Total03101968100 *Assuming no new enrollees 24 Combine HIVNAT and KKU – call them HIVNAT/KKU

25 Total NAB across groups. ANI did not differ from MND, but both ANI and MND performed more than 2 SD below controls. Chiao et al. AIDS Res. 2013


27 Network Connectivity Integrity in HIV

28 Plan your words, but don’t memorize a script Be mindful of time limits (avg. 1 min/slide) Speak slowly and enunciate- pace yourself Take pauses to allow audience to catch up Demonstrate confidence- don’t doubt yourself but recognize the extent of your knowledge

29 Body Stand straight (don’t lean at an angle) Don’t fidget, play with your hair etc. SMILE!!! Eyes Don’t stare at your slides- speak to your audience Scan the audience and make eye contact Adapted from UCSF OCPD ‘Presentation Tips for designing and delivering a dynamic research talk’

30 Prepare by considering what questions may be asked Practice in front of others to get feedback and suggestions for possible questions

31 When asked a question: Listen carefully and restate question if not certain you heard correctly Take a moment to think out your answer Don’t doubt yourself- be confident!! If you don’t know the answer: Try your best and acknowledge importance of the question Consider if it will help you in your work Don’t be rude or condescending

32 Keep it simple and concise Know your audience Know your presentation goals Get feedback Be Confident Practice Practice Practice!!!

33 UCSF Office of Career and Professional development Mock presentation opportunities for practice and feedback (by ‘English Communication for Scientists,’ Unit 4: Giving Oral Presentations

34 Start with attention grabber Road map: Provide a preview slide at beginning with outline of the talk and refer back to it through out the talk to help orient Include audience in the story telling, use ‘we’, rather than ‘I’ Use humor- but remain culturally sensitive (no nationality jokes) and professional

35 Provide verbal transitions that direct audience when moving onto a new point or concept Important in telling your story in a manner that audience can follow Review major points before moving on to next point ‘So now that we’ve looked at what to present, we’ll look into how to present’

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