Presentation on theme: "ESIF Financial Instruments in Programme Period"— Presentation transcript:
1ESIF Financial Instruments in 14-20 Programme Period Jane Worthington, DCLG Legal Advisers, Regeneration and Commercial Team, a division of TSOLDate: 14 March 2014
2ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme Purpose of this SessionA quick look back at the Regulations: Experiences/lessons learnedHow experience of has influenced ESIF Regulations; andSummary of main parts of new legislation. NB - This session will not cover state aid.
3ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme Looking back: Experience from past programmeThemes to be explored:Ex ante assessment and ScopeSelection and implementation, including legal documentary requirementsCo-finance or co-investmentCosts/feesInterest and returns3
4ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme Experience from – EAA/ScopeArt. 44 of the General Regulation (as amended) provided for 3 ‘types’ of instrument (SME funds, urban development funds, energy efficiency funds); andThe Rules required PMC to be consulted on selection criteria, and OP to include for financial engineering measures, but whilst the EIF/EIB had a funding gap analysis for JEREMIE/JESSICA, there was no specific requirement for an Ex Ante Assessment (EAA).4
5ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – SelectionArt. 44 of the General Regulation (as amended) provided that a Holding Fund could be implemented in one of three ways:Award of a publically procured contract(Where not subject to procurement) - Award of a grant provided in accordance with a national law compatible with the Treaty;Award of a contract direct to EIB/EIFWhere no Holding Fund, the Regulations did not set specific provisions in terms of selecting financial intermediaries or their legal structure; MA had to assess whether contributing to an FEI as a procurement or a grant.5
6ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – ImplementationArt 43 of the Implementing Regulation:Requirement for independence/separate block of finance, no shareholding/partnership for CommissionRequirement for Fund to submit a Business caseRequirement for a Funding agreement covering certain key termsCOCOF Guidance Note para and included other items to be covered in the funding agreement: Interest, returns, audit requirements, fees/costs6
7ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme All FEIs (with or without a HF) required to conclude a funding agreement covering:Investment strategy and operational guidelines;Monitoring;The exit policy for the operational programme contribution;The winding-up provisions (FEIs and HFs), including for the re-utilisation of resources returned.Where a HF utilised the funding agreement between the MA and the HF also had to include :provisions regarding the selection and appraisal of the FEI7
8ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – Co-finance/Co-invest fundsDrafting of Article 78(6) led to many MS setting up large co-financed funds – MA able to declare and claim against payment to Fund rather than payment linked to progress.COCOF Guidance Note section Rules in relation to co-investment model only clarified in 2011.8
9ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – Costs/feesArt 43 of the Implementing Regulation:Where procured, market defined remunerationWhere not procured – annual average caps based on capital included in the fund (ERDF plus match)Permitted front-loading provided costs came within annual average by closureConfusion over timeframe for calculation – programming period or fund lifecycle?No requirement for performance based remuneration9
10ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – Interest/ReturnsUse of Interest – General Regulation Art. 78(7) first subparagraph:‘Idle funds’ interest cannot be treated as a national resource per Art. 82 of the General Regulation.‘Idle funds’ interest must be utilised for the purposes for which the money was originally received.If not, must be deducted from eligible expenditure on closure and repaid.‘Idle funds’ interest may not be used to cover the costs of borrowing money in the financial market.10
11ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – Interest/ReturnsResources returned– General Regulation Art. 78(7) second subparagraph requires returns to be recycled:No definition of the phrase in the RegulationCOCOF Guidance Note 3 defined ‘Resources returned/Returns’ as the principal capital element and/or the income receipts.Article 43(5) Implementing Regulation – requires an Exit Policy and allows preferential allocation of income based receipts (returns). Confusion as to meaning of ‘legacy’/residual funds referred to in COCOF11
12ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Experience from – Interest/ReturnsResources returned– General Regulation Art. 78(7) second subparagraph:COCOF Guidance Note 3 amplified the Regulations:If Returns are ‘exited’ from the fund they should be allocated to ‘competent authorities’ to be re-used for the same type of action;‘good practice’ dictates the re-use should take place in the same area covered by the Operational Programme.The ‘re-use’ can take place beyond the date of closure of the Operational Programme.12
13ESIF Financial Instruments Experience from past programme Returns continued - Q&A papers on CIRCAReturns:can be used to make further investments through the fund or to pay management costs/fees;can be matched against ‘clean’ ERDF to make further investments or pay management costs/fees–either as an extension of the fund or establishment of a new fund;cannot be used to contribute the match funding to the actual fund that generated the return, or to cover the cost of borrowing the match;(principal capital element only) cannot be allocated preferentially–.13
14ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Found atIncludes (as at March 2014)The Common Provisions Regulation: Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the CouncilThe ERDF Regulation: Regulation (EU) No 1301/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013The ETC Regulation: Regulation (EU) No 1299/2013 of the European Parliament and of the CouncilNOTE: Delegated and Implementing legislation awaited.
15ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime EC has recently published a reference guide to accompany legislation on financial instruments (also available on same website):“Financial Instruments in ESIF Programmes (Ref. Ares(2014) /02/2014)
16ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime ScopeEuropean Court of Auditors published its “Special Report No 2/2012 — Financial instruments for SMEs co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund”.Report noted insufficient market analysis undertaken before committing structural funds to FIs, which in some instances led to over-capitalised funds and/or funds being set up in areas where the market failure and therefore the need for/basis of the instrument was unclear.As a result, MS are now required to undertake an EAA per Article 37 of the Common Provisions Regulation.
17ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime ScopeEC promoting use of financial instruments. Setting up a TA platform to assist.New opportunity to participate in EU level instruments and MS can use tailor-made/off the shelf modelsNo longer just 3 main types of instrument – can be set up in relation to any thematic objective within a programmeFinancial incentive- 10% uplift intervention rate if whole priority dedicated to financial instrument/100% co-financing rate for participation in EU level instrument
18ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Ex Ante AssessmentRegulation prescriptive as to the contents of an EAA.NOT same as a programme ‘ex ante evaluation’Intended to be a “living document” - undertaken in stages and reviewed periodically to ensure the assumptions hold good.Can be completed at high level to inform drafting of a programme and later refined.Exception to rule – detail must be included if MA wishes to make use of the 10% incentive or 100% for a whole priority axis targetting EU level instrument.
19ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Selection and Implementation5 models intended to provide maximum flexibility:Entrusted entityEIB/EIFIFI in which MS is a shareholderSGEI type financial instrumentsAny body governed by public/private lawInvestment in share capital of existing/newly created entity.MA directly managed loan/guarantee fund.EU level instrument (all except SME)EU level instrument (SME)
20ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Selection and Implementation cont.Nota Bene:Art. 38(4) final subparagraph: “The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 149 laying down additional specific rules on the role, liabilities and responsibility of bodies implementing financial instruments, related selection criteria and products that may be delivered through financial instruments in accordance with Article 37. The Commission shall notify those delegated acts simultaneously to the European Parliament and the Council by 22 April 2014.”
21ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Selection and Implementation cont.Delegated Act is being finalised, but covers:Due diligence matters - requirement to ensure the body selected to implement FI fulfils minimum criteria e.g:CapacityEconomic and financial viabilityInternal and external control system, governance arrangementsAccurate accounting system and agreement to be auditedEntitlement to act under Union and national lawTransparent and objective selection criteria – avoiding conflicts of interest
22ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Selection and Implementation cont.Improvement on old Art.43 of the Implementing Regulation- more defined requirements for bodies implementing FIs (Art.38 CPR):Must open fiduciary accounts/separate block of finance, following prudential accounting rules and having “appropriate liquidity”Must ensure Financial Intermediaries are selected on basis of open, transparent, proportionate and non-discriminatory selection criteria – avoiding conflicts of interestStandard terms and conditions for funding agreements – Annex IV
23ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Type of Fund – Co-finance or co-investment.Greater flexibility :Cofinance (match funding) contributions can be provided at the level of the financial instrument or at the level of the final recipient (the coinvest model) and may include in-kind contributions where relevant.Cofinance does not have to be paid to the financial instrument upfront –can be provided at later stage (but has to be provided before the end of the eligibility period).Article 41 CPR allows for full reimbursement of ESIF contributions even when match provided at a later stage.
24ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Type of Fund – Co-finance or co-investment.But tighter controls :Article 41 – phased applications for payment to prevent over-capitalisation and ‘parking’ of ESIF.Applications for payment can only be made up to specified percentages. After first tranche, can only be made once specified amount has actually been invested in SME etc.Delegated Act to specify rules on withdrawal of payments and amendment to applications.Implementing Act to specify models for submission of information alongside application for payment.
25ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Costs/Fees.Much greater emphasis on performance:Article 42 CPR permits management costs and fees, including arrangement fees (provided not double funding).However, detail to be set out in Delegated Act which is shortly to be published.The Delegated Act concentrates on results – performance fee to be based on finance actually being invested.DA also includes aggregate caps (but competitively tendered funds may exceed).
26ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Delegated Act is being finalised, but covers:For an Equity Fund-- Base fee for first two years of 2.5% which then drops to .05%) payable until end of eligibility period-Performance Based fee based upon actual investment (2.5% per annum of the programme contributions paid)For fund of funds –-Base fee for first year of 3% which then drops to 1% for second year and 0.5% thereafter- fee for investing downstream 0.5% per annum of the programme contributions paid
27ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Costs/Fees continued.The Performance Element is to be based on:Disbursement of ESIFResources returnedQuality of measures accompanying investment to maximise impactContribution to programme outputs and objectivesPMC must be informed of the provisions related to calculating performance based fees, and must receive reports.
28ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Costs/Fees continued.The Aggregate caps are:Fund of funds – 7% of the total amount of programme contributions paidFor Equity fund – 20% of the total amount of programme contributions paidExceptions?Where the Fund includes majority of co-finance on MEIP basis, the management costs and fees must conform to market basis and not exceed.Procured funds
29ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Interest and Returns.Article 43 (interest):ESIF to be placed on idle funds in accordance with sound financial management principleTo be used for same purposes (investment/costs) within the same FI or, following winding up, in another FI or in other forms of support in accordance with objectives of the specific priority until the end of the eligibility period.
30ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Interest and Returns.For Returns, the legislation now differentiates what has to happen during programme period and post:Article 44 CPR (During):Further investment through same or another FIIf applicable, preferential remuneration of cofinanceReimbursement of costs/feesContribution to programme outputs and objectivesArticle 45 (Post)Recycle for at least 8 years in line with original aims or the aims of programme provided still demonstrable market need.
31ESIF Financial Instruments 14-20 Programme – The New Regime Thanks for listeningAny questions?