Presentation on theme: "Copy and complete the following statements:"— Presentation transcript:
1Copy and complete the following statements: The _____ and _____ are located in the nucleus.A neutral atom has the same number of _____ and _____.The mass of an atom is determine by the number of _____ and ____.The number of _____ in an atom determines the name of the element.
3Subatomic ParticlesProtons, neutrons and electrons are the three basic subatomic particles.They can be distinguished by mass, charge, and location in an atom.
4Protons Located in nucleus Positive Charge (Charge of +1) Relatively heavy. (Relative mass of 1)
5Electrons Negative Charge (charge of -1) Small (relative mass of about 1/2000)Found in the electron cloud that surrounds the nucleus.
6Neutron Located in the nucleus. Has no charge About the same mass as proton (relative mass of 1)
7Properties of Subatomic Particles SymbolRelativeChargeMass(Proton=1)Actual(g)Electrone-9.11 x 10-28Protonp+1.674 x 10-24Neutronn1.675 x 10-24
8Atomic NumberThe atomic number of an element equals the number of protons in the nucleus.Atoms of different elements have different numbers of protons.Because atoms are neutral, the number of protons in an atom equals the number of electrons.
9Mass NumberMass number is the sum of the protons and the neutrons in the nucleus of an atom.Mass number = Protons + NeutronsIf you know the atomic number and the mass number of an atom you can find the number of neutrons by subtracting.Number of Neutrons = Mass Number – Atomic NumberorNumber of Neutrons = Mass Number – Number of Protons
10Sketch an atom with an atomic number of 4 and a mass number of 9. What element is this?
11Sketch an atom with an atomic number of 6 and a mass number of 13. What element is this?