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Types of Waves. Waves Water waves Light waves Sound waves Seismic waves.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Waves. Waves Water waves Light waves Sound waves Seismic waves."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Waves

2 Waves Water waves Light waves Sound waves Seismic waves

3 Wave nature of light Amplitude- The height of the wave.

4 Wave characteristics of light Frequency and wavelength are inversely related c = λν OrV=fλ c or V= 3.0 x 10 8 m/s λ= wavelength (m) v or f= frequency (Hertz= Hz)

5 Types of Waves Longitudinal Wave (Compression)- Vibrates parallel (in the same direction) to the wave traveling. Ex: Sound Waves Particles bump into each other Compression- Particles get closer together. Rarefaction- Particles becoming thinner or more spread out. –The opposite of compressions.

6 Transverse- Vibrate perpendicular (at right angles) to the wave traveling. –Particles move up and down while wave moves left to right. Period- The time it takes for 1 full wave to pass. –Period= 1 / Frequency Units: Seconds / Wave

7 Properties of Waves 1) Reflection: Hitting a barrier. –RADAR- Send out EM waves and they bounce back. 2) Refraction: Bending a wave when the medium through which it travels changes. –Submarines use refraction in order not to be detected.

8 3) Diffraction- Spreading of waves –Bending waves around obstacles and openings. Owls use this to communicate over long distances 4) Interference- Reinforcement or canceling of waves. –Constructive –Destructive

9 Doppler Effect doppler-effect.html doppler-effect.html An apparent shift in frequency for a sound wave produced by a moving source. –Shift in frequency + wavelength of waves which results from a source moving with respect to the medium. Works for all types of waves including light. –Red shift - Occurs when the source + observer are moving away from each other. –Blue shift- Occurs when the source + observer are moving towards each other.

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12 Electromagnetic Spectrum

13 Visible Light Red – Longest wave, lowest energy OrangeYellowGreenBlueIndigo Violet – Shortest Wave, highest energy

14 Line Spectrum

15 Seeing Color Retina- Made up of two types of cells that absorb light. Cones- Distinguish colors and detailed shapes; most effective in daytime vision. Rods- Sensitive to dim light; most effective in nighttime vision. Color Blindness- Results when one or more sets of cones do not function properly.


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