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Cuban Missile Crisis. It all started when….. U2 plane discovers missiles in Cuba.

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Presentation on theme: "Cuban Missile Crisis. It all started when….. U2 plane discovers missiles in Cuba."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cuban Missile Crisis

2 It all started when….. U2 plane discovers missiles in Cuba

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8 Why was this a concern? Proximity to the United States

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10 Beginning of the Crisis Timeline Monday, October 15- Jets took pictures of nuclear missiles being created in CubaMonday, October 15- Jets took pictures of nuclear missiles being created in Cuba Tuesday, October 16- Military advisors take the pictures to Kennedy and two options are discussed; air strike and blockade.Tuesday, October 16- Military advisors take the pictures to Kennedy and two options are discussed; air strike and blockade. Wednesday, October 17- The U.S found out that the missile could go as far as NW Washington State.Wednesday, October 17- The U.S found out that the missile could go as far as NW Washington State.

11 Beginning of the Crisis Timeline continued Thursday, October 18- The Soviets say they dont have nuclear missiles in Cuba.Thursday, October 18- The Soviets say they dont have nuclear missiles in Cuba. Friday, October 19- Kennedy keeps going on his campaign trip acting as if he doesnt know.Friday, October 19- Kennedy keeps going on his campaign trip acting as if he doesnt know.

12 Middle of the Crisis Timeline Saturday, October 20- He cancels his campaign trip because of an upper respiratory infection and to discuss conditions about Cuba.Saturday, October 20- He cancels his campaign trip because of an upper respiratory infection and to discuss conditions about Cuba. Sunday, October 21- Kennedy discussed in more detail about the blockade and air strike.Sunday, October 21- Kennedy discussed in more detail about the blockade and air strike. Monday, October 22- Kennedy announces he is going to start a quarantine (blockade).Monday, October 22- Kennedy announces he is going to start a quarantine (blockade).

13 What did President Kennedy say?

14 What was the response like the next day?

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18 End of the Crisis Timeline Tuesday, October 23- Kennedy orders a low level mission to inspect the sites closer.Tuesday, October 23- Kennedy orders a low level mission to inspect the sites closer. Wednesday, October 24- The Soviet ships stop at the blockade and the military alert is raised to DEFCON 2.Wednesday, October 24- The Soviet ships stop at the blockade and the military alert is raised to DEFCON 2. Thursday, October 25- Pictures are shown proving missiles are in Cuba.Thursday, October 25- Pictures are shown proving missiles are in Cuba.

19 End of the Crisis Timeline Friday, October 26- A Soviet ship is dismissed through the quarantine because it has no missiles aboard.Friday, October 26- A Soviet ship is dismissed through the quarantine because it has no missiles aboard.

20 End of the Crisis Timeline October28 - Khrushchev announces on radio Moscow the removal of the missiles - Soviets remove missiles US agrees not to invade Cuba

21 Causes/History/Origin The Crisis began on October 22, 1962.The Crisis began on October 22, Americans discovered Cuba building secret missile bases off the coast of Florida. Americans discovered Cuba building secret missile bases off the coast of Florida. The missiles were 60 miles off the coast of Florida.The missiles were 60 miles off the coast of Florida.

22 What happened? This was a nuclear war.This was a nuclear war. If no one stopped them this could lead to a nuclear catastrophe.If no one stopped them this could lead to a nuclear catastrophe. President Kennedy told Nikita S. Khrushchev to remove all missile bases from Cuba.President Kennedy told Nikita S. Khrushchev to remove all missile bases from Cuba. He also ordered a blockade to block Russians ships of bringing more missiles and other equipment to the island.He also ordered a blockade to block Russians ships of bringing more missiles and other equipment to the island.

23 What happened continued He also ordered a blockade to block Russians ships of bringing more missiles and other equipment to the island.He also ordered a blockade to block Russians ships of bringing more missiles and other equipment to the island. Khrushchev ordered to the Soviet field commanders to launch missiles if the U.S. invaded.Khrushchev ordered to the Soviet field commanders to launch missiles if the U.S. invaded. The two forces stared down at each other for seven days.The two forces stared down at each other for seven days.

24 What happened continued On October 28 the Russian premier did as Kennedy commanded and exported all of the missiles on ships.On October 28 the Russian premier did as Kennedy commanded and exported all of the missiles on ships. After that there were no missiles left in Cuba for them to use.After that there were no missiles left in Cuba for them to use.

25 John F. Kennedy He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917.He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, He died November 22,1963 while riding in his motorcade a lone gunman shot him.He died November 22,1963 while riding in his motorcade a lone gunman shot him. He was the thirty-fifth president of the U.S.He was the thirty-fifth president of the U.S. He was the person who endedHe was the person who ended the Cuban Missile Crisis. the Cuban Missile Crisis.

26 Fidel Castro Fidel Castro was the Cuban president during the missile crisis.Fidel Castro was the Cuban president during the missile crisis. He was born August 13, 1926.He was born August 13, He became ill and transferred some of his responsibilities to his younger brother Raul Castro.He became ill and transferred some of his responsibilities to his younger brother Raul Castro.

27 Nikita Khrushchev Nikita Khrushchev was the Soviet leader who faced President John F. Kennedy in the Cuban Missile Crisis.Nikita Khrushchev was the Soviet leader who faced President John F. Kennedy in the Cuban Missile Crisis. He was born in 1894, the son of a miner.He was born in 1894, the son of a miner. He was known for his temper tantrums.He was known for his temper tantrums. The most famous was when he beat the table with his shoe at the United Nations Conference.The most famous was when he beat the table with his shoe at the United Nations Conference.

28 Cuban Missile Crisis Site The stand off occurred in the Bay of Pigs, therefore, this prevented the Russian missiles from being deposited on Cuban soil.The stand off occurred in the Bay of Pigs, therefore, this prevented the Russian missiles from being deposited on Cuban soil.

29 Statement Announcing the End of the Cuban Naval Quarantine I have today been informed by Chairman Khrushchev that all of the IL-28 bombers now in Cuba will be withdrawn within 30 days. He also agrees that these planes can be observed and counted as they leave. Inasmuch as this goes a long way toward reducing the danger which faced this Hemisphere four weeks ago, I have this afternoon instructed the Secretary of Defense to lift our naval quarantine.I have today been informed by Chairman Khrushchev that all of the IL-28 bombers now in Cuba will be withdrawn within 30 days. He also agrees that these planes can be observed and counted as they leave. Inasmuch as this goes a long way toward reducing the danger which faced this Hemisphere four weeks ago, I have this afternoon instructed the Secretary of Defense to lift our naval quarantine. John F. KennedyNovember 20, 1962John F. KennedyNovember 20, 1962

30 Questions?


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