Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

UNCLASSIFIED Fueling the Enterprise THE OVERALL CLASSIFICATION OF THIS BRIEF IS: UNCLASSIFIED The Americas and the United States Presented to: CGOC Conference.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "UNCLASSIFIED Fueling the Enterprise THE OVERALL CLASSIFICATION OF THIS BRIEF IS: UNCLASSIFIED The Americas and the United States Presented to: CGOC Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNCLASSIFIED Fueling the Enterprise THE OVERALL CLASSIFICATION OF THIS BRIEF IS: UNCLASSIFIED The Americas and the United States Presented to: CGOC Conference 2 May 2011 This is an informational briefing and the content is continuously changing. The charts are designed for discussion at time of presentation, not as stand-alone representation of official USSOUTHCOM policies or positions. Brig Gen Steve Shepro Director, Policy, Plans & Strategy (J5)

2 UNCLASSIFIED Context in a Global Culture

3 UNCLASSIFIED …And Tomorrows Global Culture

4 UNCLASSIFIED The Americas: A Diverse Region Area of Responsibility – 1/6 th of earths surface (7.2m sq. mi. of land) – 31 countries – 15 Dependencies & Areas of Special Sovereignty Demographics – 475 million people – 200+ million Portuguese speakers – 40+ million indigenous populations Economics – 8 of 17 U.S. FTAs with AOR nations – ~36% of U.S. trade is with the hemisphere 8.3% with AOR nations – ~54% of energy imports come from this hemisphere ~20% from AOR nations Cultural Ties – U.S. 5 th largest Spanish speaking nation – Estimated U.S. will be 1/4 Hispanic origin by 2050 Latin America, the Caribbean, and the U.S. share common interests and security concerns. JAMAICA

5 UNCLASSIFIED Economic Linkages Growing Trade – Approx 8.3% of U.S. trade is with Latin America / Caribbean (approx. $217 billion in 2009) Approx. 54% of U.S. oil imports come from this hemisphere (~20% from AOR countries) Panama Canal Expansion Approx. $36B in remittances from U.S. to Latin America / Caribbean in 2009

6 UNCLASSIFIED Demographic Linkages >40% 35 to 39.9% 30 to 34.5% 25 to 29.9% 12.5 to 24.9% 5 to 12.4%.7 to 4.9% Population shift: Ten Largest U.S. cities Smith Johnson Williams Brown Jones Miller Davis García Rodríguez Wilson Martínez Anderson Taylor Thomas Hernández Population shift: 10 largest US cities Percentage of Population Hispanic or Latino

7 UNCLASSIFIED A Decade of Progress Optimistic Trends A decade of progress… 3.4% Avg GDP Growth 82% Increase of trade with U. S. 28% Decrease in unemployment 10.9% Decrease in poverty 42.7% Increase in College Enrollment 26.3% Decrease in illiteracy Over 60% of regional population supports democracy

8 UNCLASSIFIED Challenging Conditions Legend Source: Transparency International CPI 2010 Only Chile and Barbados rate above 7.0 on CPI 2010 Index Legend: % of population below poverty line No information Source: ECLAC; CIA World Fact Book Overall poverty rate for the region is 33.0% Challenging Conditions Unequal wealth distribution Unemployment Social class exclusion Impunity Weak Government Porous Borders PovertyCorruption Transnational challenges require cooperative action with and among nations.

9 UNCLASSIFIED Security Concerns Illicit trafficking Transnational Criminal Organizations Natural disasters Violent Extremist Organizations Narco-terrorism Crime / urban gangs Alternatively governed spaces Mass migration

10 UNCLASSIFIED Political Pendulum Dictatorships Fragile democracies Democracies

11 UNCLASSIFIED Increased External Activity Using arms sales and energy agreements to gain political influence Economic relationships concentrated on energy Aims to bolster interest in its space program Strengthening diplomatic, economic, military ties Expanding markets and ensuring access to natural resources Increased weapons sales and training Goal is to be viewed as reliable and be the partner of choice Strategy has diplomatic, economic, socio- cultural, and military elements Seeks closer ties with Latin American governments Seeks to impede US and European international sanctions

12 UNCLASSIFIED Our History 1903 – 1917 Panama Canal Zone 1917 – 1941 Panama Canal Department 1941 – 1947 Caribbean Defense Command 1947 – 1963 Caribbean Command 1963 U.S. Southern Command 1977 Panama Canal Treaties Signed 1997 Move to Miami 2010 Move to new HQ

13 UNCLASSIFIED Unified Command System TRANSCOM SOCOM STRATCOM JFCOM PACOM NORTHCOM SOUTHCOM EUCOM CENTCOM ARMY MARINES AIR FORCE NAVY Secretary of Defense Chairman JCS AFRICOM President Functional Responsibilities Service Secretaries Service Chiefs Geographic Responsibilities

14 UNCLASSIFIED Our Vision, Mission, and Objectives Ensuring the forward defense of the United States Strategic Objectives Vision: We are a joint & interagency organization supporting US national security interests, and with our partners, improving security, stability & prosperity in the Americas. Mission: We are ready to conduct joint & combined full- spectrum military operations & support whole-of-government efforts to enhance regional security & cooperation. Defend the United States Foster Regional SecurityBe an Enduring Partner

15 UNCLASSIFIED Command Organization Comalapa Air Forces South Tucson, Arizona Army South San Antonio, Texas Special Operations Command South Homestead, Florida Naval Forces South Mayport, Florida Marine Forces South Miami, Florida Air Forces South Tucson, Arizona Air Forces South Tucson, Arizona Army South San Antonio, Texas Army South San Antonio, Texas Special Operations Command South Homestead, Florida Special Operations Command South Homestead, Florida Naval Forces South Mayport, Florida Naval Forces South Mayport, Florida Marine Forces South Miami, Florida Marine Forces South Miami, Florida SecurityCooperation Offices (24) US Southern Command Miami, Florida US Southern Command Miami, Florida Joint Interagency Task Force South Key West, Florida Joint Interagency Task Force South Key West, Florida Joint Task Force Guantánamo Naval Station, Cuba Joint Task Force Guantánamo Naval Station, Cuba Joint Task Force Bravo Soto Cano, Honduras Joint Task Force Bravo Soto Cano, Honduras Cooperative Security Locations JTF-GTMO JIATF-S JTF-B AFSOUTH ARSOUTH NAVSOUTH SOCSOUTH MARFORSOUTH Curacao Comalapa

16 UNCLASSIFIED USSOUTHCOM Headquarters Combatant Commander General Fraser Military Deputy Commander LTG Keen Civilian Deputy to the Commander & Foreign Policy Advisor Ambassador Trivelli Senior Enlisted Leader SgtMaj Espinal Chief of Staff J1 Manpower & Personnel J2 Intelligence, Surveillance & Recon J3 Operations J4 Logistics J5 Strategy, Plans & Policy J6 Comm. System Dominance J7 Theater Security Cooperation Engagement J8 Resources & Assessments J9 Partnering Intelligence Agencies TreasuryJusticeUSAIDEnergy State Homeland Security Defense Commerce Interagency Partners Coast GuardNavyMarine CorpsArmyAir Force Liaison Officers UruguayColombiaChileCanadaPeruBrazil Services Partner Academic Institutions Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies Inter-American Defense College Inter-American Air Forces Academy Naval Small Craft Instruction & Technical Training School School of International Graduate Studies

17 UNCLASSIFIED Our Focus Areas Counter Illicit Trafficking Humanitarian Assistance / Disaster Relief Peacekeeping Operations

18 UNCLASSIFIED The Network of Illicit Trafficking $ $ Cocaine Production Illicit trafficking: Potential nexus for transnational terrorism & the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Drug & human trafficking, weapons smuggling & money laundering: At least $394 billion a year global industry US: Largest Consumer Brazil: #2 Global Consumer UK: #1 per capita consumer Increasing Demand 2010 Air Activity 2010 Maritime Activity Arms ECU, JUL 2010 COL, FEB 2011

19 UNCLASSIFIED Drug Trafficking in the AOR Desired Effect: Disrupt normal illicit trafficking vectors to increase vulnerability Desired Effect: Disrupt normal illicit trafficking vectors to increase vulnerability GTM Proportional rep. of 1 st stop for cocaine traffic (Honduras ~ 38%) Air Vector Maritime Vector Ground Vector Regional Impacts Skyrocketing homicide Increased crime Increased security spending Reduced foreign investment Private security growth Use of military for domestic security PAN Flexible, resilient networks Innovative and adaptive CRI HND

20 UNCLASSIFIED Build Partner Capacity / Intelligence / Detection & Monitoring Train, equip, provide base support, and build infrastructure in support of law enforcement agencies Provide Partner Nations (PN) capabilities to: Respond independently to internal illicit trafficking threats or in concert with other PNs Support regional US counter-illicit trafficking goals and objectives as an operational element of Joint Interagency Task Force – South (JIATF-S) Partner Nation Capability Program Areas: Ground Reaction Interdiction & Apprehension Maritime Interdiction Riverine Interdiction Aerial Domain Awareness UNCLASSIFIED Counter Illicit Trafficking Intelligence Build Partner Capacity Detection and Monitoring

21 UNCLASSIFIED 2007major shift in illicit trafficking routes 90% of all cocaine destined for the U.S. now passes through Central America : 59,085 homicides in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador Mexico Central America Population ( = 10 million) Homicides ( = 1 thousand) Illicit Trafficking Portends Violence 123,000,000 41,000,000 35,000 67,000 Trends in Homicide Rates per 100,000 Sources: National Civilian Police Figures & government institutions (various)

22 UNCLASSIFIED Combating Violence in CENTAM Honduras Army patrols with police Security and Justice Reform El Salvador Army patrols w/police Goods for Guns Program International Actions SICA Regional Security Plan Support from IDB, World Bank, and UN UNDP initiatives (small arms control, violence reduction) World Banks Small Grant Program for Violence Prevention (SGPVP) Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) International Actions SICA Regional Security Plan Support from IDB, World Bank, and UN UNDP initiatives (small arms control, violence reduction) World Banks Small Grant Program for Violence Prevention (SGPVP) Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) USG Actions Central American Regional Security InitiativeCARSI The Central America Citizen Security Partnership Build partner nation capacity to counter illicit traffic and TCOs Anti-gang initiatives Border security USG Actions Central American Regional Security InitiativeCARSI The Central America Citizen Security Partnership Build partner nation capacity to counter illicit traffic and TCOs Anti-gang initiatives Border security Costa Rica National Plan to control violence Guatemala State of Siege in Alta Verapaz (Dec 10 – Feb 11) Soldiers posted on buses Nicaragua Anti-Gang reforms Panama Regional anti-drug center Youth violence programs Belize Army, Coast Guard patrols with police

23 UNCLASSIFIED Nov 08 – Costa Rica/Panama – Floods Nov 08 – Haiti – School Collapse Nov 08 – Colombia – Volcano/Floods Dec 08 – Uruguay – Forest Fires Jan 09 – Costa Rica – Earthquake May 09 – Honduras – Earthquake Nov 09 – El Salvador – Floods Jan 10 – Haiti – Earthquake Feb 10 – Chile – Earthquake May 10 – Guatemala – Volcano /Floods Nov 10 – Haiti – Hurricane Tomas Recent Natural Disasters A question of when, not if…

24 UNCLASSIFIED Humanitarian Assistance / Disaster Relief Disaster Preparedness –Humanitarian Assistance Program (HAP) & DOD Excess Property Program –Build & stock Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs) and Disaster Relief Warehouses (DRWs) –Train PN medical first responders –Build or renovate schools, community shelters, warehouses, clinics, hospitals, wells –Create disease surveillance programs Disaster Relief, 2010 –January, Haiti earthquake –February, Chile earthquake –May - June, TS Agatha & volcanoes in Guatemala –September, Hurricane Tomas in Haiti $45.6M in disaster preparedness and humanitarian assistance in FY10

25 UNCLASSIFIED Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI) provides funds to train & equip PN PKO units 9 current GPOI partner nations, 3 nations in process of becoming partners Several GPOI partners have deployed or will deploy GPOI-funded troops on PKO missions UN Deployments – 14 AOR countries – Contributing nearly 8,000 personnel to UNPKO missions worldwide – Troops, police, military experts Peacekeeping Operations

26 UNCLASSIFIED FMS: Foreign Military Sales FMF: Foreign Military Finance IMET: Intl Military Education and Training CTFP: Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program Combined Education 61 events Combined Exercises 59 events Combined Experimentation 4 events Combined Training 104 events Counter/Non- Proliferation 0 events Counternarcotics Assistance 196 events Defense and Military Contacts 668 events Def Support to Public Diplomacy 0 events Infrastructure Support Projects 1 events Humanitarian Assistance 83 events Support Tools to achieve Strategic Objectives Support Tools to achieve Strategic Objectives Intl Armaments Cooperation 0 events Other Programs (CTFP) 365 events Security Assistance FMS, FMF, IMET 12 events Theater Security Cooperation Activities - FY11 Information Sharing 61 Events USSOUTHCOM is committed to building and sustaining enduring relationships

27 UNCLASSIFIED Air Force Engagement in our AOR Counternarcotics Assistance: Surveillance Architecture Counternarcotics Assistance: Surveillance Architecture Education Subject Matter Expert Exchanges International Affairs Specialist Program: RAS/PAS Language Training Programs Education Subject Matter Expert Exchanges International Affairs Specialist Program: RAS/PAS Language Training Programs Security Cooperation & Assistance Cooperation Teams (CT-1) AFSAT IIAFA &PME AWC, ASSC, ALP Security Cooperation & Assistance Cooperation Teams (CT-1) AFSAT IIAFA &PME AWC, ASSC, ALP Combined Exercises PANAMAX Pioneered approval process to allow PNs into AF Network Combined Exercises PANAMAX Pioneered approval process to allow PNs into AF Network Combined Training NEW HORIZONS 16 MEDRETES and DENTRETES 103,309 patients treated Combined Training NEW HORIZONS 16 MEDRETES and DENTRETES 103,309 patients treated Humanitarian Assistance Operation UNIFIED RESPONSE Haiti 2200 Airmen, 5 Expeditionary Units, 6 Communications Packages Humanitarian Assistance Operation UNIFIED RESPONSE Haiti 2200 Airmen, 5 Expeditionary Units, 6 Communications Packages

28 UNCLASSIFIED USAF - Building Partner Capacity USUS ForeignForeign Fairchild North American Hughes Curtis Douglas Vaught Northrop Grumman Beechcraft Boeing Russia (MiG), China (CAIC), Brazil (Embraer), Switzerland (Pilatus), Czech (Let), Germany (MBB), France (Specat), England (Bae), Yugo (Soko) PC-21 AT-29 PC-9 KA-1 AT-6

29 UNCLASSIFIED Closing Thought As we move to the future, we are committed to building focused, collaborative approaches that will enable all of us – USSOUTHCOM, our interagency colleagues and partners alike, – to work together to address the challenges we collectively face. -- General Douglas Fraser Commander, United States Southern Command

30 UNCLASSIFIED Fueling the Enterprise

31 UNCLASSIFIED Theater Security Cooperation January FebruaryMarch Total Events January – March 2011 Defense / Military Contacts: 86 Events Combined / Multinational Education: 20 Events Combined / Multinational Training: 13 Events Combined / Multinational Exercises: 10 Events Counternarcotics Assistance: 7 Events Information Sharing: 6 Events Combined / Multinational Experimentation: 2 Events Humanitarian Assistance: 2 Events Total Events January – March 2011 Defense / Military Contacts: 86 Events Combined / Multinational Education: 20 Events Combined / Multinational Training: 13 Events Combined / Multinational Exercises: 10 Events Counternarcotics Assistance: 7 Events Information Sharing: 6 Events Combined / Multinational Experimentation: 2 Events Humanitarian Assistance: 2 Events MEDCAP - Guyana Dom Rep MOD visit Guatemala / Belize GO/FO discussions WHINSEC SME Conf. CHDS Seminar Disaster Preparedness SMEE - Nicaragua PR SMEE - Guatemala Brazil Sr. Analyst visit COLMIL J2 visit Aviation Maint. SMEE - Paraguay BTH CENTAM PKO Americas BTH CARIB NH Haiti CN Assistance – Honduras (operations center, pier improvement) Mini-MEDRETE Honduras Mini-MEDRETE Belize HSV SWIFT USS GUNSTON HALL SMEE Tradewinds - Carib USSOUTHCOM is committed to building and sustaining enduring relationships Support Tools to achieve Strategic Objectives Support Tools to achieve Strategic Objectives

32 UNCLASSIFIED Operational Foreign Military Interaction PANAMAX UNITAS ATLANTIC/PACIFIC FA HUMANITARIAS TRADEWINDS PKO AMERICAS FUERZAS COMANDO Humanitarian and Civic Assistance BTH CARIBE BTH CENTAM NEW HORIZONS MEDRETE PANAMAX INTEGRATED ADVANCE ELLIPSE ECHO Exercise Program Categories

33 UNCLASSIFIED Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Medical Readiness Training / Exercises (MEDRETES), Engineering, Civil Affairs: –Activities to promote the specific operational readiness skills of US Forces –Improves joint training readiness of United States military Engineer, Combat Support, Combat Service Support, and Medical units –Provides tangible benefit to host nation: engineer construction, rudimentary road construction/repair, water wells, medical outreach MEDRETEs Beyond The Horizons (BTH) New Horizons (NH) Central America (36) Belize 3 El Salvador (BTH) 4 Guatemala 6 Honduras 15 Panama 4 Nicaragua 2 Costa Rica 2 Central America (36) Belize 3 El Salvador (BTH) 4 Guatemala 6 Honduras 15 Panama 4 Nicaragua 2 Costa Rica 2 SOUTHERN CONE (6) Paraguay 6 SOUTHERN CONE (6) Paraguay 6 Andean Ridge (16) Colombia 10 Ecuador 2 Peru 4 Andean Ridge (16) Colombia 10 Ecuador 2 Peru 4 Caribbean (31) Dom Rep (BTH) 7 Guyana 11 Trinidad Tobago 3 Suriname (NH) 3 Haiti (NH) 7 Caribbean (31) Dom Rep (BTH) 7 Guyana 11 Trinidad Tobago 3 Suriname (NH) 3 Haiti (NH) 7 FY 10 – 76 MEDRETES/MEDCAPS Patients Treated: 276,827 Animals Treated: 15,102 Surgeries: 1,017

34 UNCLASSIFIED Partner Nation Training (1 of 2) Chile Air Force Boeing 707 CONDOR KC-135 F-5E Tigre III CASA 212 UH-60 F-16 MLU Super Tucano Boeing 767 Example of Aircraft In Inventory

35 UNCLASSIFIED Partner Nation Training Colombia Air Force AC-47 Gunship UH-60 Blackhawk OV-10 Bronco A-27 Tucano KFIR C7 A-37 Dragonfly A-29 Super Tucano Mirage V Example of Aircraft In Inventory

36 UNCLASSIFIED Partner Nation Training Guatemala Air Force Pilatus PC-7 Bell 212 Twin Huey IAI Arava Fokker F-27 ENAER T-35 Pillan Cessna A-37 Dragonfly Example of Aircraft In Inventory

37 UNCLASSIFIED Partner Nation Training Costa Rica Ministry of Public Security Cessna T210N Centurion McDonnell Douglas MD.500E Piper PA-31T Cheyenne Piper PA-34 Seneca Piper PA-31 Navajo Cessna 206 Stationair Example of Aircraft In Inventory

38 UNCLASSIFIED USAF BPC -- Recurring IW Mission Address & Discard…Perpetual Cycle Inhibits Innovation, Prohibits Opportunity & Compels Re-Learning Address & Discard…Perpetual Cycle Inhibits Innovation, Prohibits Opportunity & Compels Re-Learning WW II - Korea OEF/OIF & Forward Proxy Wars Vietnam Expertise & Capability Residual Airmen & systems: -WWII & Korea into Vietnam -Vietnam into Proxies Island campaigners & myriad aircraft Insurgencies & Revolts Largely non-Mil operators & aircraft fleets retiring H L Primarily Flight Training Mission AF Investment, Mission Expertise & Capable Platforms Flat Lining at Low Desert Storm / Allied Force Insurgencies & Revolts Retired experts & hi-end conventional systems USAF IW Commitment IW Strategic Setting Long War ? USSR Dissolves JFK mission push COIN wings deactivated Never again Reluctant participation 1992 FID doctrinal zenith AirLand focus F-22 / F-35 hi- conventional IW airpower ad hoc Terrorism ascendencyState Insolvencies

39 UNCLASSIFIED IW – Critical Capabilities Essential Elements of a Responsive, Effective Air Arm

40 UNCLASSIFIED Regional Initiatives Objectives –Strengthen and integrate security from the U.S. Southwest border to Colombia, including the littoral waters of the Caribbean –Produce a safer, more secure hemisphere –Criminal organizations no longer can destabilize governments or threaten security and public safety –Prevent the entry and spread of illicit drugs, arms, violence, and transnational threats Initiatives are independent and vary in pace, scope, and complexity, as well as the degree of US involvement and US support; each initiative requires an individual strategy DoS and DoD recognize that the threats to citizen safety are interrelated and need a comprehensive approach Greater emphasis on Building Partnerships and taking advantage of regional expertise and leadership DoS and DoD recognize that the threats to citizen safety are interrelated and need a comprehensive approach Greater emphasis on Building Partnerships and taking advantage of regional expertise and leadership

41 UNCLASSIFIED Our Profile Over 1,200 military and civilian personnel Integrated, interagency headquarters New Complex -- commitment to Miami and region 630,425-square-foot building supports 2,800 workers Conference Center of the Americas allows multiple conferences U.S. Southern Command Connections to the South Florida Community Gateway to Latin America; vibrant international community Local businesses and organizations invite USSOUTHCOM personnel to 50+ events a year DoD activities contribute $3.6 billion annually to Florida economy Military families attend schools; volunteer in organizations; foster vibrant communities USSOUTHCOM sponsors Joint Civilian Orientation Conference, Community Business and Civic Leaders Awareness Program


Download ppt "UNCLASSIFIED Fueling the Enterprise THE OVERALL CLASSIFICATION OF THIS BRIEF IS: UNCLASSIFIED The Americas and the United States Presented to: CGOC Conference."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google