Presentation on theme: "Ocean Environments 11.1 Ocean coasts support plant and animal life."— Presentation transcript:
1 Ocean Environments 11.1 Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. CHAPTERNEW CHAPTEROcean Environmentsthe BIG ideaThe ocean supports life and contains natural resources.11.1Ocean coasts support plant and animal life.11.2Conditions differ away from shore.11.3The ocean contains natural resources.CHAPTER OUTLINECHAPTER RESOURCES
2 11.1 Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. Organisms in the intertidal zone are covered by water during high tide and exposed to the air during low tide.habitatintertidal zoneintertidal zoneestuarywetlandSee which plants and animals live in different ocean environments.SIMULATIONCHAPTERRESOURCESSECTIONOUTLINE
3 11.1 high tide mark low tide mark Ocean coasts support plant and animal life.Organisms in the intertidal zone are covered by water during high tide and exposed to the air during low tide.habitatintertidal zonehigh tide markestuarywetlandlow tide markCHAPTERRESOURCES• Fresh water and salt water mix in estuaries.SECTIONOUTLINE• Salt marshes and mangrove forests form along coasts.
4 11.1 habitat Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. intertidal zoneThe natural environment in which a living thing gets all that it needs to live; examples include a desert, a coral reef, and a freshwater lake.estuarywetlandCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
5 11.1 intertidal zone Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. habitatintertidal zoneintertidal zoneThe narrow ocean margin between the high- tide mark and the low-tide mark.estuarywetlandCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
6 11.1 estuary Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. habitatestuaryintertidal zoneA shoreline area where fresh water from a river mixes with salt water from the ocean.estuarywetlandCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
7 11.1 wetland Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. habitatwetlandintertidal zoneA wet, swampy area that is often flooded with water.estuarywetlandCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
8 Conditions differ away from shore. 11.2Conditions differ away from shore.coral reefnear shore environmentopen oceankelp forestphytoplanktonhydrothermal ventSee which plants and animals live in different ocean environments.SIMULATIONCLASSZONE.COMVISUALIZATIONExamine the life found at hydrothermal vents.CHAPTERRESOURCESSECTIONOUTLINE
9 Conditions differ away from shore. 11.2Conditions differ away from shore.Life in the open ocean is more spread out. The surface zone is lit by the Sun. The deep zone is dark.The waters near shore support more life than any other part of the ocean.coral reefkelp forestphytoplanktonhydrothermal ventCHAPTERRESOURCESSECTIONOUTLINE
10 11.2 coral reef Conditions differ away from shore. kelp forestA built-up limestone deposit formed by small ant-sized organisms called corals.phytoplanktonhydrothermal ventCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
11 11.2 kelp forest Conditions differ away from shore. coral reefkelp forestkelp forestA large community of kelp, a type of seaweed that can attach to the ocean floor.phytoplanktonhydrothermal ventCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
12 11.2 phytoplankton Conditions differ away from shore. coral reefphytoplanktonkelp forestMicroscopic floating organisms that live in water and, like plants, convert sunlight and carbon dioxide into food.phytoplanktonhydrothermal ventCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
13 11.2 hydrothermal vent Conditions differ away from shore. coral reefhydrothermal ventkelp forestAn opening in the sea floor from which heated water rises and mixes with the ocean water above.phytoplanktonhydrothermal ventCHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
14 The ocean contains natural resources. 11.3The ocean contains natural resources.Living ocean resources include seafood and algae. Overfishing and pollution threaten ocean environments.overfishingby-catchCHAPTERRESOURCESSECTIONOUTLINE
15 The ocean contains natural resources. 11.3The ocean contains natural resources.Nonliving ocean resources include oil, natural gas, and minerals.overfishingby-catchCHAPTERRESOURCESSECTIONOUTLINE
16 11.3 overfishing The ocean contains natural resources. by-catchThe catching of fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce.CHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
17 11.3 by-catch The ocean contains natural resources. overfishingby-catchby-catchThe portion of animals that are caught in a net and then thrown away as unwanted.CHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
18 11.1 Ocean coasts support plant and animal life. I. Ocean coasts support plant and animal life.habitatA. Ocean waters contain many environments.intertidal zoneB. The shoreline supports many plants andanimals.estuarywetlandC. Fresh water and salt water meet on coasts.1. Salt Marshes2. Mangrove ForestsD. Human activity affects shorelines.CHAPTERRESOURCESKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
19 Conditions differ away from shore. 11.2Conditions differ away from shore.II. Conditions differ away from shore.coral reefA. Ocean environments change with depth and distance from shore.kelp forestphytoplanktonB. The waters near shore support diverse lifeforms.hydrothermal vent1. Coral Reefs2. Kelp ForestsC. Environments in the open ocean change with depth.1. Surface ZoneCHAPTERRESOURCES2. Deep ZoneD. New discoveries about ocean life continue.KEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
20 The ocean contains natural resources. 11.3The ocean contains natural resources.III. The ocean contains natural resources.overfishingA. The ocean supports living resources.by-catch1. Seafood and Algae2. Overfishing and By-Catch3. Saltwater AquacultureB. The ocean contains nonliving resources.1. Energy Resources2. Minerals and RocksC. Pollution affects the ocean.1. Preventing Ocean PollutionCHAPTERRESOURCES2. Global Pollution ProblemsKEY CONCEPTSUMMARY
21 Image Gallery Click on the icons to see a larger image or animation. CHAPTER HOMEImage GalleryClick on the icons to see a larger image or animation.See which plants and animals live in different ocean environments.SIMULATIONCLASSZONE.COMVISUALIZATIONExamine the life found at hydrothermal vents.
30 Chapter Resources Image Gallery CHAPTER HOMEChapter ResourcesImage GalleryClick here to view chapter images and animationsClick on the items below to access resources onCLASSZONE.COMResource CentersGet more information on selectscience topicsContent ReviewReview key concepts and vocabularyMath TutorialReview math conceptsStandardized Test PracticePractice state standardized testsBACK TO CHAPTER
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