Presentation on theme: "Max Ernst ( 1891-1976) Was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist and poet. Was born in Bruhl, Germany The third of nine children of middle class Catholic."— Presentation transcript:
Max Ernst ( 1891-1976) Was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist and poet. Was born in Bruhl, Germany The third of nine children of middle class Catholic family. His father was a teacher of the deaf and an amateur painter. 1909: studied in the University of Bonn and became fascinated with the art of the mentally ill patients after visiting Asylums. 1911-1913: joined with the group of artists where works by Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin and who inspired and influenced him. 1914- 1918: served both Western and the Eastern front in the army during world war I, met Hans Arp and became friends and their relationship lasted for forty year. 1918: returned to Cologne and married art history student Luise Straus, but their marriage was short-lived, ended in 1921- they have a son, Ulrich Jimmy Ernst, was born 1920, who also became a painter. 1922: illegally entered France, settled into a menage a trois with Eluard and his wife Gala in Paris Took various odd jobs to make a living and continued to paint. 1924: left Paris for long trips from Monaco to Saigon, Vietnam, sold a large number of his works. 1925: returned to Paris, signed a contract with Jacques Viot and established a studio at rue Tourlaque. Invented a graphic art technique called frontage( Surrealism techniques) and created the grattage technique. 1934 : began to make sculpture. 1938: the American heiress and artistic Patron peggy Guggenheim acquired a number of his works which she displayed in her museum in London. 1939: world war II, after the NAZI occupied France, he was arrested again, but escaped and flee to America with help of Guggenheim and Fry. 1941: arrived in the United States, left his second wife Leonora Carrington and she suffered a major mental breakdown. Guggenheim and Ernst were married (1941-1946) Lived in New York city and helped inspire the development of Abstract expressionism. 1946: met and married Dorothea tanning, was American painter, printmaker, sculptor, writer, and poet who was born and raised in Illinois. 1948: they made their home in Sedona, Arizona and he began achieved financial success. 1953: they moved to a small town in the South of France,continued to work and published a complete catalogue of his works 1966: created a chess set made of glass which he named “Immortel” 1976: died on April 1976 in Paris.