Presentation on theme: "Trends in On-Duty Firefighter Deaths and Injuries Focusing on Career Firefighters Rita F. Fahy National Fire Protection Association Urban Fire Forum September."— Presentation transcript:
Trends in On-Duty Firefighter Deaths and Injuries Focusing on Career Firefighters Rita F. Fahy National Fire Protection Association Urban Fire Forum September 6, 2014
Presentation Overview Review data sources for the two studies Overview of injury statistics Brief overview of the 2013 Firefighter Fatality Study Trends in career firefighter fatalities
Data Sources Firefighter injury data: Aggregate data collected as part of our annual fire experience survey Based on national estimates from a stratified random sample of fire departments Career vs. volunteer status of victims not reported Firefighter fatality data: Firefighter fatality database is a ‘census’
Firefighter Injury Study Firefighter exposures - to infectious diseases - to hazardous conditions Matrix reporting - Nature of Injury by Type of Duty Fire Ground injuries by Cause of Injury Fire Department Vehicle Crashes
Firefighter Injuries - 1981 – 2012 Number of Injuries 69,400
Overall Results 69,400 firefighter injuries occurred on duty in 2012 – the lowest since study began in 1981. There were 8,150 exposures to infectious diseases (e.g., hepatitis, meningitis, HIV, others) in 2012 (0.3 exposures per 1,000 emergency medical runs by fire departments in 2012). There were 19,200 exposures to hazardous conditions (e.g., asbestos, radioactive materials, chemicals, fumes, other) in 2012 (18.2 exposures per 1,000 hazardous condition runs in 2012). An estimated 14,350 firefighter injuries resulted in lost time in 2012 (20.6% of all injuries).
Fire Department Calls Year Total Fires Medical False alr Mut aid HazMat HazCn Other 198611,890,0002,271,5006,437,500992,500441,000171,500318,0001,258,000 199114,556,5002,041,5008,176,0001,578,500494,000221,000428,5001,617,000 199617,503,0001,975,0009,841,5001,816,500688,000285,000536,5002,360,500 200120,965,0001,734,50012,331,0002,157,500838,500381,500605,0002,917,500 200624,470,0001,642,50015,062,5002,119,5001,159,500388,500659,0003,438,500 201028,205,0001,331,50018,522,0002,187,0001,189,500402,000660,0003,913,000 201130,098,0001,389,50019,803,0002,383,0001,252,000379,000720,0004,171,500 201231,854,0001,375,00021,705,5002,238,0001,326,500360,000694,0004,155,000 Change from 1986 More than doubled Down 2/5 More than tripled More than doubledTripled Doubled More than doubled More than tripled
Population Protected Average Number of Fires Average Number of Fire Ground Injuries Fire Ground Injuries per 100 Fires Fire Ground Injuries per 100 FFs 1,000,000 or more* 500,000 - 999,999 250,000 - 499,999 100,000 - 249,999 50,000 - 99,999 25,000 - 49,999 10,000 - 24,999 5,000 - 9,999 2,500 - 4,999 Under 2,500 4,223.2 2,506.5 1,157.0 509.5 223.0 113.6 65.2 35.3 24.5 12.5 87.1 81.5 38.0 9.8 4.0 2.1 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.2 2.1 3.3 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.6 4.3 7.1 8.3 4.5 3.9 3.4 2.4 1.3 1.0 0.8 Average Number of Fires, Fire Ground Injuries and Injury Rates by Population Protected * Excludes New York City
Who is a firefighter? State and local fire service personnel, career and volunteer State or local public service officer, acting as firefighter Federal government fire service personnel Temporary fire suppression personnel operating under official auspices of one of the above Privately employed firefighters
How do we define “on-duty?” At scene of alarms, whether fire or non-fire En route responding to or returning from alarms Performing other duties, including training, maintenance, public education, inspection, investigation, etc. Performing non-fire duties on official assignment Station duty
What do we count as an on-duty fatality? Any injury that was incurred while on duty and proves fatal Any illness that was incurred as a result of actions while on duty and proves fatal On-duty fatalities are associated with specific on-duty activities and are reported as of the date of injury or onset.
Off-Duty, Retired and Former Firefighters Defining the U.S. Firefighter Death Problem The long-term health effects of firefighting cannot be reliably measured, in terms of resulting job-related deaths. A complete picture of the hazards of firefighting would include these fatalities.
Defining the U.S. Firefighter Death Problem On-Duty Firefighters The NFPA inclusion criteria counts deaths where onset occurred while the firefighter was on-duty. USFA adds Hometown Hero/PSOB qualifiers who were off-duty.
NFFF Defining the U.S. Firefighter Death Problem The National Fallen Firefighters Foundation uses the most narrow inclusion criteria, counting on-duty deaths and Hometown Hero qualifiers, but excluding on-duty deaths where drug abuse or negligence was a factor.
Off-Duty, Retired and Former Firefighters Defining the U.S. Firefighter Death Problem On-Duty Firefighters
Patterns for Career Firefighter Deaths at Structure Fires
Major Causes of Non-Cardiac Deaths Inside Structures
Death Due to the Three Major Causes of Fatal Injuries While Operating Inside at Structure Fires
The average number of career firefighter deaths annually has dropped by half over the past 25 years. Among career firefighters, on-duty sudden cardiac deaths have dropped as well, but remain the #1 cause of on-duty firefighter deaths Almost half of all career firefighter deaths occur on the fire ground Snapshot
Sudden cardiac death continues to be the major problem Real progress has been made in reducing firefighter deaths over the past 30 years, but more can be done, but on-duty career firefighter deaths are at a plateau of approximately 25 deaths each year. Concluding remarks
The 2013 firefighter fatality study was published in the July/August issue of NFPA Journal and the full report is available free on NFPA’s website: www.nfpa.org (under Research & Reports)