He Started Over = Year Zero Eliminate all knowledge of the past!!!!
How did he intend to pull this off? By enlisting the youth (9,10, 11 year old kids) of the country in his new army known as the Khmer Rouge (the young are easy to influence). By wiping the country clean of traces of the past (killing those with knowledge of the past). By controlling all aspects of the country (politically, economically and socially)
By forcing all citizens into collectives to work according to age, gender and skill. By holding indoctrination sessions every evening to remind them all of the wonderful rewards of communism. By publicly murdering anyone that questioned the Khmer Rouge.
Khmer Rouge The Communist Khmer Rouge came to power in this small Southeast Asian nation in 1975 as part of the vast upheaval caused largely by the spilling over of the Vietnam War. The Khmer are communist followers of Pol Pot Most are young and enjoy their new power
When the Khmer took over: The populations of Cambodia's cities were forced to evacuate the cities, move to the countryside and engage in agricultural labor. = Communes/Collectives/Cooperatives
They closed most institutions (schools, banks, government buildings, churches) and vowed to provided for their needs in the countryside. They required absolute obedience from all Cambodians.
What type of person was the most threatening to the Khmer Rouges power?
Who was murdered? People with glasses People who could speak another language People whom had traveled Foreigners Counter-revolutionaries
Educated Prisoner Intellectuals and anyone else seen as standing in the way of the new social order were mercilessly killed, while many of those who escaped execution died from overwork and starvation.
S-21Prison (Interrogation Center) ( a former high school )
So what brought an end to all of this? The Vietnamese invaded and took over Cambodia ousting the Khmer Rouge from power. The country remained communist for some time but not in such extreme conditions. Pol Pot fled into the jungle and remained in hiding until his death. Pol Pot denied that he had ever done anything wrong and truly believed he held the future of Cambodia in his hands.
The Cambodian genocide of 1975-1979, eliminated approximately 1.7 million people (21% of the country's population) A Killing Field
According to Yale Universitys Cambodian Genocide Program –There were over 200 killing sites –9,500 mass grave pits
Pol Pot's death in April 1998 heralded the end of the brutal career of a man responsible for overseeing one of the worst genocides of the 20th century. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/asia/june97/cambodia_6-18a.html
Who is responsible for the Cambodian Genocide? Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge (communists)
Where and when did this occur? Cambodia At the end of the U.S. involvement in Vietnam 1975 - 1979
Why and How? The communists wanted to purge the country of traces of the past and start over. They used young minds and brutal treatment to enforce their ways.
Want to see a great movie on this historical event? The Killing Fields