Presentation on theme: "Crimes Against Humanity The Cambodian Genocide 1975-1979 "All humanity is one undivided and indivisible family, and each one of us is responsible for the."— Presentation transcript:
Crimes Against Humanity The Cambodian Genocide "All humanity is one undivided and indivisible family, and each one of us is responsible for the misdeeds of all the others. I cannot detach myself from the wickedest soul." -Mahatma Gandhi
What is a Crime Against Humanity? According to the International Criminal Court, it includes: Murder Genocide Slavery Indefinite imprisonment without a trial Torture Forced Pregnancy Rape Apartheid Disappearance And others
Pol Pot Gains Power US Bombs Cambodia sending fleeing peasants to Phnom Penh This results in an unstable government Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge army, consisting of teenage peasant guerrillas, marched into Phnom Penh and effectively seized control of Cambodia
Cambodian Genocide Pol Pot got rid of foreign influence and said, “This is year zero.” Embassies were closed Economic assistance was refused Media was shut down All cities forcibly evacuated. At Phnom Penh, two million inhabitants were evacuated on foot into the countryside at gunpoint. As many as 20,000 died along the way.
Cambodian Genocide Millions of Cambodians forced into slave labor in Pol Pot's "killing fields" where they soon began dying from overwork, malnutrition and disease, on a diet of one tin of rice (180 grams) per person every two days. Throughout Cambodia, purges conducted to eliminate remnants of the "old society" - the educated, the wealthy, Buddhist monks, police, doctors, lawyers, teachers, and former government officials.
Cambodian Genocide Ex-soldiers were killed along with their wives and children. Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot, including many Khmer Rouge leaders, was shot or bludgeoned with an ax. "What is rotten must be removed," a Khmer Rouge slogan proclaimed.
Cambodia Genocide “Killing Fields” Mass Grave discovered in 1980 was first indication of the Cambodian Genocide under Pol Pot’s regime
Cambodian Genocide Unsupervised gatherings of more than two persons forbidden. Young people taken from parents Young people married in group ceremonies involving 100’s of often-unwilling couples. Ethnic groups attacked 50% of the 425,000 Chinese living in Cambodia in 1975 perished. Khmer Rouge also forced Muslims to eat pork and shot those who refused.
Cambodian Genocide 1978 Vietnam attacks Cambodia to stop attacks by Khmer Rouge Pol Pot loses power in 1979 Exiled to Thailand and began a guerilla war against Cambodia for 17 years Lost control of Khmer Rouge in the 1990’s Arrested in 1998 Died of a heart attack before he could be brought to trial about his crimes against humanity Two Million Murdered
Cambodian Genocide The Killing Fields is a well-known movie about the Cambodia Massacre made in 1984
Works Cited Berkowitz, J.Z Photo 15 April photo credit Genocide in the 20 th Century: Pol Pot in Cambodia 2,000,000 Deaths 15 April International Criminal Court: About the Court 15 April The Killing Fields IMDb 15 April United Human Rights Council 15 April