Presentation on theme: "Advanced Oral Communication Yi-chen Chen. About Informative Speech Any speech is an informative speech if it presents information to an audience. When."— Presentation transcript:
Advanced Oral Communication Yi-chen Chen
About Informative Speech Any speech is an informative speech if it presents information to an audience. When do we make informative speech? All the time. What is the goal of giving an informative speech? To state ideas simply, clearly, and interestingly.
Preparing for the Informative Speech Blueprint: a vision of what you want to build. – Analyzing your audience – Choosing your topic – Narrowing your topic – Gathering information – Preparing visual aids – Organizing your speech
Step 1: Analyzing your audience Demographics: the population’s needs, interests, knowledge. – Age range – Gender – Occupation(s) – Economic level(s) – General background P.63-64: Personal Information Survey. P.65: Analysis of Audience
Step 2: Choosing your topic Choose sth that you know a lot about or sth that really interests you. – An experience that you remember vividly and are enthusiastic about. – Sth you care a lot about. – Sth at which you are skilled or experienced. – Sth about which you are knowledgeable.
Step 3: Narrowing your topic Not to tell everything you know about the topic. – It’s impossible to say everything in a short amount of time. – Your audience can’t remember too many details after a speech.
How to narrow an informative speech topic effectively? A good informative speech topic is specific, contains only one idea, and is achievable. General topic: – Food culture. Width: – Food cultures in western countries – Food cultures in western and eastern countries. – Food cultures in the US and Taiwan. Depth: – Taiwanese food culture. – Food culture of Japan. Too broad~ More specific. But why? Specific. But need insights. Overview. Need width and depth.
Step 4: Gathering information Two ways to look for material for your speech: – Within yourself – Outside yourself Interview Library and Internet research Find more information than you can use! – Choose what to include instead of stretching the facts to fill time. – Extra knowledge may be helpful for Q&A session.
Step 5: Preparing visual aids Why use visual aids? – Help make a speech clear and interesting. – Add variety, capture attention, illustrate concepts, and provide entertainment. Chalkboard. Poster. Objects or models. Audiovisual equipment. Handouts. General tips of using visual aids: – Clear and simple! – Use them skillfully and right on time! – Don’t distract your audience!