Prepare the speech Top-down or Bottom-up? _____ Introduction _____ Body _____ Conclusion Why? 1 2 3
Activity for today: Prepare a speech Choose one of the following topics, and step- by-step prepare an outline for it. – Appropriate time for getting marriage. – Ways to get your ideal job. – How to plan a wonderful trip. – Ways to overcome stage fright.
Step 1. Prepare the Body First, list subtopics that you might include in your speech. brainstorming Second, narrow the list of subtopics. Rewrite the list and select 3 or 4 subtopics that best develop the speech. Third, order the subtopics logically. coherence Fourth, develop each subtopic with factual information, logical proof, and visual aids. outlining outlining
Brainstorming Take a piece of paper. Brainstorm and write down every idea popping up in your mind for 3 mins. Then narrow down the lists to 3 to 4 ideas. Appropriate time for getting marriage. Ways to get your ideal job. How to plan a wonderful trip. Ways to overcome stage fright.
How to write a good outline (p.47) Each supporting point relates to the main point. Each supporting point contains only one idea. Supporting points are not repeated or restated. Each supporting parallel point has an equal level of importance. – Taipei, Taichung, Japan
Outlining the Body Order the remaining ideas logically, and add some details to each idea. Then write an outline for the topic. Appropriate time for getting marriage. Ways to get your ideal job. How to plan a wonderful trip. Ways to overcome stage fright.
Step 2. Prepare the Conclusion To summarize the speech. – Briefly reviews your purpose. – Repeats or restates the main ideas. To give final remarks – End the speech gracefully. A memorable concluding remarks would leave your audience thinking about what you said.
Step 3. Prepare the Introduction To give an attention-getting opener – Capture the listeners’ attention immediately. – Make the listeners interested in the rest of the speech. To preview the body – Alert the listeners to what they can expect to hear in the presentation. – Help them to follow the information easily. Tell a story. Ask questions. Provide a startling fact.
Outlining Introduction & Conclusion Add a conclusion (a summary & final remarks) and an introduction (attention-getting opener & preview) to your outline. Appropriate time for getting marriage. Ways to get your ideal job. How to plan a wonderful trip. Ways to overcome stage fright.
Transitions between Parts Transitions tell your audience that sth new or important is about to happen in your speech. Transition after the introduction – Signal that the main part of the speech is about to begin Transitions within the body – to review the information just presented – to preview the next section Transition before the conclusion – signal that the speech is about to end
Write for the Ear Speech delivery style are different from cultures to cultures. The language and style used when making an oral presentation should NOT be the same as the language and style you use when writing. Use your own words Use short words Use short sentences
Start reorganizing the speech Appropriate time for getting marriage. Ways to get your ideal job. How to plan a wonderful trip. Ways to overcome stage fright.