Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4. Speaking to Inform. About Informative Speech Any speech is an informative speech if it presents information to an audience. When do we make."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 4. Speaking to Inform
About Informative Speech Any speech is an informative speech if it presents information to an audience. When do we make informative speech? All the time. What is the goal of giving an informative speech? To state ideas simply, clearly, and interestingly.
Preparing for the Informative Speech Blueprint: a vision of what you want to build. Analyzing your audience Choosing your topic Narrowing your topic Gathering information Preparing visual aids Organizing your speech
Step 1: Analyzing your audience Demographic: the population’s needs, interests, knowledge. – Age range – Gender – Occupation(s) – Economic level(s) – General background P.63-64: Personal Information Survey. P.65: Analysis of Audience
Step 2: Choosing your topic Choose sth that you know a lot about or sth that really interests you. – An experience that you remember vividly and are enthusiastic about. – Sth you care a lot about. – Sth at which you are skilled or experienced. – Sth about which you are knowledgeable.
Step 3: Narrowing your topic Not to tell everything you know about the topic. – It’s impossible to say everything in a short amount of time. – Your audience can’t remember too many details after a speech. How to narrow an informative speech topic effectively? – A good informative speech topic is specific, contains only one idea, and is achievable. P.68. Evaluate topics.
Step 4: Gathering information Two ways to look for material for your speech: – Within yourself – Outside yourself Interview Library and Internet research Find more information than you can use! – Choose what to include instead of stretching the facts to fill time. – Extra knowledge may be helpful for Q&A session.
Step 5: Preparing visual aids Why use visual aids? – Help make a speech clear and interesting. – Add variety, capture attention, illustrate concepts, and provide entertainment. Visual aids are helpful in three ways: – They help the speaker get organized. – They help the audience understand the information. – They help the audience remember the speech.
Chalkboard Poster – With charts or graphs – With words or phrases – With drawings Objects or models Audiovisual equipment (overhead projector or opaque projector) – Slides – Films – videotapes Handouts
Tips of using visual aids: – Use visual aids that are large enough for everyone to see. – Do not pass out objects or papers during your speech. – Keep charts, maps, and graphs very simple. – Look at your audience, not at your visual aids. – Put your visual aids away after you have finished using them. – Practice using your visual aids with your speech before you actually deliver it.
Schedule 4/2-4/8: Find a topic for your informative speech. Prepare your proposal. 4/9 & 4/16: Present your proposal in class. You topic needs to be approved by the whole class; otherwise you need to change topics. 4/16-4/22: Preparation. 4/23: Informative speech presentation.
Topic Main goal: sth related to culture. Three standpoints to take: – Sth globalwide Universality – Sth which others have but we don’t Specificity – Sth we both have but different Comparison
Proposal for Informative Speech Central topic: Culture – To give your own definition of “culture.” Personal topic (A rough direction is fine. No need to give a specific “title” at this stage.) – To explain the reasons why the topic you choose fits your definition of “culture.” Rationale – To briefly introduce the topic, and tell the possible directions you are going to probe into the topic. – To explain the importance of knowing this topic.