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Philippe Vallette Co-chair. 3 objectives of the Decade of education for Sustainable development I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues.

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Presentation on theme: "Philippe Vallette Co-chair. 3 objectives of the Decade of education for Sustainable development I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 Philippe Vallette Co-chair

2 3 objectives of the Decade of education for Sustainable development I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems II. To reflect on our modes of lives and renew them toward sustainability III. To empower people to take concrete action Now, few examples based on WON activities

3 I.To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems : to give an understanding of the World Ocean A.Disseminate important World Ocean Facts B.Mobilise organisations in a position to reach the public at large with World Ocean Network C.Share ocean facts to inform the public with The Ocean Info Pack D.Highlight the World Ocean on World Oceans Day

4 I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems: to give an understanding of the World Ocean Disseminate important World Ocean facts I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems: to give an understanding of the World Ocean A. Disseminate important World Ocean facts

5 ONE WORLD OCEAN Ocean covers 71 % of the surface of the Earth Ocean exchanges heat, gaz and water with the atmosphere Ocean contains 97,5 % of all the water of the planet Ocean provides essential life- support functions

6 THE DYNAMIC OCEAN Ocean regulates the climate Ocean absorbs 30 % of our CO2 emissions Plancton releases in the atmosphere more oxygen then all the world’s forests

7 OCEAN SOURCE OF LIFE 90 % of life in the ocean is concentrated near the coasts regions of upwellings are home to abondant marine life coral reefs, mangroves, deep sea are ecosystems with great biodiversity

8 A LIFE-SUPPORT SYSTEM  1 to 10 million species could inhabit the oceans  Life exists at all depths of the ocean  Marine and terrestrial ecosystems are dependant  Scientific studies of marine ecosystems and species are crucial to understand evolution of life on earth

9 OCEAN AND CLIMATE CHANGE  Global ocean has warmed up to a depth of m  Sea level is rising 1,8 mm/year threatening coasts and islands  Absorbing more CO2, ocean is becoming more acid

10 COASTS UNDER PRESSURE Half of the world population lives at less than 80 km from the coastline In 30 years, 6 billion persons will live on the coast

11 POLLUTION WITHOUT BORDERS Everything winds up in the sea 80 % of marine pollution comes from the land Dead zones can drift away far from the coasts

12 LIVING RESOURCES  85 millions tons of sea products from fisheries  Aquaculture produces already 30 % of our sea food  Fisheries provide direct and indirect livelihoods for 400 million people

13 EMPTYING THE OCEAN 80 % of fish stock over exploited or fully exploited Some stocks – like the North Atlantic Cod – will not recover

14 INTENSIVE MARITIME TRANSPORT 90% of the world’s trade goods are transported by sea. Most secure and economic mean of transport The number of accidents is decreasing, but it is still too high

15 ENERGY AND MINERALS  Offshore represents 22 % of world’s oil reserves and 37 % of gas reserves Salt, gravels, sand, diamonds are extracted from the ocean The deep-sea holds great amounts of precious metals and minerals Marine gas hydrates represents twice the potential energy of all known reserves of oil, gas and coal in the world

16 OCEAN SOURCE OF LEISURE Ocean is important for tourist activities, for leisure and also participates in our culture

17 ESSENTIAL STRATEGIC ISSUES Control of the seas is essential to ensure security of marine transportation, protection of EEZ and borders, access to resources…

18 PROTECTING THE OCEAN  Only 0,6 % of the ocean is protected against 11% of land.  About 4600 Marine Protected Areas have been created in the world

19 INTERNATIONAL WATERS  High seas represents 65 % of world ocean  France is the second maritime country with 11 millions square km  High seas are regulated by a few conventions under the UN Convention on the Law Of the Sea (UNCLOS)

20 COMMON HERITAGE OF HUMANKIND Living resources, marine biodiversity, energy sources, minerals, coastal services are a common good Only a few countries have the financial and technical capacity to exploite marine resources in the high and deep seas Average depth for fishing of 160 m Average depth for fishing of 300 m

21 EVERYONE CAN ACT!  Our ecological footprint is extremely different according to the country we live in.  Effects of environmental disturbance and loss of natural ressources are stronger on the population in poor countries

22 I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems: to give an understanding of the World Ocean B. Mobilise organisations in a position to reach the public at large with World Ocean Network

23 The World of scientists and professionals Surveys Dialogue Partnerships Raising awareness Education Political objectives Legislation Diversity of aquaria, museums and science centres The world of politics and institutions The general public institutions The world of the media and the press Relay from the public Lobbying Role of educational organisations

24 Aquariums and museums  Receive over 300 million visitors per year  Are ideally placed  Are powerful tools to reach the general public

25 Scientific knowledge of the ocean matters Scientific knowledge of the ocean matters Know-how to translate difficult concepts into easy-to-understand messages Know-how to translate difficult concepts into easy-to-understand messages Developed education strategies Developed education strategies Knowledge to sell ideas Knowledge to sell ideas Power to convince & involve Power to convince & involve Aquariums – powerful tools

26 Aquariums are the 3 rd most important source of information about the ocean (after TV & newspapers) Aquariums are the 3 rd most important source of information about the ocean (after TV & newspapers) are considered the most reliable are considered the most reliable Public survey, 2003, Europe, Oceanics project Aquariums – powerful tools

27 Nausicaá and partners have been raising awareness of ocean science with IOC/UNESCO since 1998 International Year of the Ocean, leading to the creation of World Ocean Network in 2002

28 WORLD OCEAN NETWORK  An international network of aquariums, science and education centers to raise public awareness on the importance of sustainable management of the ocean.  Inspiring people to act in their everyday lives

29 A network in synergy with the Global Forum on Oceans, Coasts and Islands

30 Communication towards stakeholders Communication towards policy makers … Communication towards general public Scientists Global Forum on Oceans, Coasts and Islands

31 I.To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems: to give an understanding of the World Ocean C. Share ocean facts to inform the public with the Ocean Info Pack

32

33 I. To learn and deepen awareness of environmental issues and problems: to give an understanding of the World Ocean D. Highlight the World Ocean on June 8, World Oceans Day

34  Annual worldwide events on June 8th to celebrate the World Ocean  An occasion for every citizen to celebrate the World Ocean and to express our personal connection to the sea World Oceans Day Participants in 2003 Participants in 2008

35 © ONG Clean Beach, Mauritania © NAUSICAA, France Marches for the ocean

36 © te mana o te moana, French Polynesia © Planète Bleue et Developpement Durable, Togo Beach cleanings, turtle releases

37 © Kourou, French Guyana « HANDS OFF MY SEA» © Immersio, France Art competitions, story-telling, artistic performances, sport competitions, sub-aqua sport demonstrations, free ocean educative cruises…

38 II. To reflect on our modes of lives and renew them toward sustainability A. Communicate the importance of the ocean for our everyday life: based on accurate scientific information, demonstrate the services the ocean provides to human beings B. Encourage individual and community actions Passport of Citizen of the Ocean Mr Goodfish

39 II. To reflect on our modes of lives and renew them toward sustainability A. Communicate the importance of the ocean for our everyday life: based on accurate scientific information, demonstrate the services the ocean provides to human beings

40 Seas and coasts – free and indispensable services Services offered by oceans and coastal areas are countless and indispensable to man. However, they are rarely taken into account to evaluate their value. The notion of ecological service, different from the notion of production (goods offered by ecosystems such as food, etc.) needs to be explained. Services offered by oceans and coastal areas are countless and indispensable to man. However, they are rarely taken into account to evaluate their value. The notion of ecological service, different from the notion of production (goods offered by ecosystems such as food, etc.) needs to be explained.

41 A planet for everyone to enjoy, associated with a healthy ocean, rich in biodiversity The role played by these services in the planetary ecological and climatic equilibrium has to be explained. The importance of biodiversity in the planetary ecosystem's resilience to aggressions, particularly concerning global warming also to be explained.

42 Positive initiatives to preserve and restore marine biodiversity To fight marine biodiversity loss, actions are put in place: Marine Protected Areas, International maritime policies, economic accounting of biodiversity values by activities like ecotourism, sustainable fishing and aquaculture practices... These examples can be source of inspiration.

43 Travelling Exhibition “The sea, supporting life today, vital for it tomorrow”

44 II. To reflect on our modes of lives and renew them toward sustainability B. Encourage individual and community actions: Passport of Citizen of the OceanPassport of Citizen of the Ocean Mr GoodfishMr Goodfish

45 adapted to adult (10 languages) & children (4 languages) publics copies in distribution worldwide Passport of the Citizen of the Ocean

46 Mr.GoodFish Campaign

47  The Mr.Goodfish campaign initiated by the World Ocean Network aims to sensitize the general public and the fish industry professionals about the sustainable consumption of seafood.

48 Mr.GoodFish Campaign  At short term, the objective is to develop the appropriate communications and educational means to empower them to make informed and sound choices when they buy seafood so as to reduce human pressure on non-sustainable fisheries.

49 III. To empower people Provide opportunities for the public and youth to debate with experts and to take part in decision making processes : Public debates Youth Forums

50 To provide opportunities for the public to discuss with experts Ocean debates

51 To enhance the involvement of young people in the ocean stewardship and governance Youth Parliaments for the Ocean

52 Next step : World Ocean Network 4th International Meeting 4 TH INTERNATIONAL MEETING OF WORLD OCEAN NETWORK Acting together for the future of the Blue Planet  including the first World Ocean Academy  9-12 May 2010 in Nausicaá, Boulogne sur Mer, France  in link with 2010 International Year of Biodiversity  following the 5th Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands Advancing Integrated Ocean Governance at National, Regional, and Global Levels, 3-7 May 2010, UNESCO, Paris, France to take advantage of possible synergies, Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and IslandsGlobal Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands

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54 The Ocean is humanity's life insurance

55  Thank you for your attention

56 World Ocean Network c/o Nausicaa, Boulogne sur Mer, France


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