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Chapter 39 The Stalemated Seventies 1968–1980. During the long post-World War II economic boom (from about 1950 to 1970), family incomes increased dramatically,

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 39 The Stalemated Seventies 1968–1980. During the long post-World War II economic boom (from about 1950 to 1970), family incomes increased dramatically,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 39 The Stalemated Seventies 1968–1980

2 During the long post-World War II economic boom (from about 1950 to 1970), family incomes increased dramatically, but after 1970 real, or inflation-adjusted, incomes stagnated. Prosperity in the late 1990s led to a slight upward trend, though adjusted median family income began to decline in the early years of the twenty-first century. Median Family Income, 1970–2001 Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2003, and John J. McCusker, Comparing the Purchasing Power of Money in the United States (or Colonies) from 1665 to 2003, Economic History Services, 2004.

3 The Nixon Wave During Richard Nixons presidency, Americans experienced the first serious inflation since the immediate post-World War II years. The inflationary surge grew to tidal-wave proportions by the late 1970s, when the consumer price index rose at an annual rate of more than 10 percent. New York Daily World

4 Reversing Kennedys inaugural plea to bear any burden, Nixon told Congress in February 1970, America cannot--and will not--conceive all the plans, design all the programs, execute all the decisions and undertake all the defense of the free nations of the world. President Richard M. Nixon Constantine Manos/ Magnum Photos

5 Cold War? Not for Some This poignant cartoon reminds its audience that while the rhetoric of the day might have been about a "Cold War," as America pursued its anti- communist policies around the world, some Americans were paying a very real price. Portland Oregonian

6 The War at Home Antiwar students clash with police in Ann Arbor, Michigan, in Black star/

7 Some Chicken, Some Egg, 1975 This cartoon pokes fun at Henry Kissinger as a global statesman. Serving first as President Nixons national security adviser and then as secretary of state in the Nixon and Ford administrations, the German-born Kissinger brought with him to Washington a sophisticated--some said cynical--view of the world honed during his nearly two decades as a political science professor at Harvard. The Economist

8 Balancing Act Nixon treads delicately between the two communist superpowers in 1973, holding some of the wheat with which he enticed both into detente. Ranan R. Lurie/ Cartoonnews International

9 Nixon buried McGovern in this election, but when his administration soon thereafter began to sink in a swamp of scandals, bumper stickers appeared in Boston proclaiming, Dont blame me, Im from Massachusetts. Presidential Election of 1972 (with electoral vote by state) Copyright (c) Houghton Mifflin Company. All Rights Reserved.

10 When Deans testimony was later corroborated by tape recordings of presidential conversations, President Richard Nixon was forced to resign. Behind Dean is his wife, Maureen. John Dean Testifies at the Watergate Hearings © Bettmann/ CORBIS

11 Nixon, the Law-and-Order-Man While Nixon had successfully campaigned on a platform of conservative "law and order," the American public was about to find out a very different reality. New York Newsday

12 How Long Will Nixon Haunt the GOP? Doubts about Fords pardon of Nixon clouded his brief presidency. Joseph Smith

13 A satirical view of where responsibility for the Vietnam debacle should be laid. Passing the Buck Copyright Jules Feiffer

14 The Last Days of Saigon Violence often attended the frantic American evacuation from Vietnam in © Bettmann/ CORBIS

15 Boat People Vietnamese refugees flee to freedom. Black Star/

16 A Vietnamese American boy learns classical calligraphy from his grandfather. Preserving the Past Lawrence Migdale

17 Anti-feminist Phyllis Schlafly (b. 1924) Schlafly traveled the country promoting her STOP ERA campaign. She argued that ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment would undermine the American family by violating the right of a wife to be supported by her husband, requiring women to serve in combat, and legalizing Joan Roth/ Archive Photos/ Getty Images

18 In 1976 Americas bicentennial year, anti-busing demonstrators convulsed Boston, the historic cradle of liberty. White disillusionment with the race-based policies that were a legacy of Lyndon Johnsons Great Society programs of the 1960s helped to feed the conservative, antigovernment movement that elected Ronald Reagan in A Sad Day for Old Glory Stanley Forman

19 Anwar Sadat of Egypt (left) and Menachem Begin of Israel (right) join U.S. president Jimmy Carter in confirming the historic accord that brought hopes of peace to the war-torn Middle East. Celebrating the Camp David Agreement, September 1978 Black Star/

20 Historical Double Take Many Americans who looked back reverently to Theodore Roosevelts Rough Rider diplomacy were outraged at the Panama giveaway. But the Carter administration, looking to the future, argued persuasively that relinquishing control of the canal would be healthy for U.S.-Latin American relations. ©Valtman/Rothco

21 The grim specter of nuclear holocaust haunted the SALT II talks between Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in Vienna in June Two-Way SALT Talks Uluschak/ Edmonton Journal/Rothco

22 Iranians Denounce President Jimmy Carter, November 1979 Scenes like this one appeared almost nightly on American television during the 444 days of the Iranian hostage crisis, humiliating Carter and angering American citizens. Henri Bureau/ Corbis-Sygma

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