2The President involved in the Watergate scandal was LBJNixonFordCarter
3The main significance of the Watergate affair was that it led to the impeachment and conviction of President Richard Nixonshowed that the laws of the United States are superior to the actions of a Presidentwas the first time a President had disagreed with Congressproved that Presidential powers are unlimited
4Which principle was most weakened as a result of the Watergate controversy? congressional immunityexecutive privilegejudicial reviewStates' Rights
5won the office by running on a third-party ticket The Presidency of Gerald Ford was different from all previous Presidencies because he was the first President whowon the office by running on a third-party ticketresigned from the office of the Presidentran for office as a nonpartisan candidatewas not elected to either the Presidency or the Vice-Presidency
6What was a lasting effect of the Watergate scandal under President Richard Nixon? The system of checks and balances was weakened.The scope of executive privilege was broadened.Trust in elected officials was undermined.Presidential responsiveness to public opinion was lessened.
7The easing of Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1970s was calledcontainmentdétenteneutralityisolationism
8Presidential veto power was expanded. What was a major result of the Watergate controversy?Presidential veto power was expanded.The president resigned from office.Congressional power was reduced.The Supreme Court was weakened.
9The main purpose of the War Powers Act of 1973 was to expand the power of Congress to declare warlimit the president’s ability to send troops into combat abroadallow people to vote on the issue of United States commitments overseasend the Vietnam War on favorable terms
10President Richard Nixon’s visit to the People’s Republic of China in 1972 was significant because it convinced the Chinese to abandon communismbrought about the unification of Taiwan and Communist Chinareduced tensions between the United States and Communist Chinadecreased United States dependence on Chinese exports
11Which statement is most accurate about the economy of the United States during the 1970’s and early 1980’s?The increased cost of imported oil hurt economic growth.The Federal budget was balanced.Inflation declined sharply throughout these years .The number of jobs in farming increased while service jobs decreased.
12The Camp David accords negotiated during President Jimmy Carter’s administration were an attempt to decrease United States control of the Panama Canalencourage the use of solar and other nonpolluting energy sourcesend inflationary oil pricesestablish peace in the Middle East
13— President Jimmy Carter Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977 “. . . Our decision about energy will test the character of the American people and the ability of the President and the Congress to govern. This difficult effort will be the ‘moral equivalent of war’— except that we will be uniting our efforts to build and not destroy ”— President Jimmy Carter Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977President Carter put these ideas into practice byhalting construction of nuclear power plantsincreasing imports of foreign oilurging the development of alternative fuel sourcesimposing a price freeze on all petroleum products
14Which foreign policy agreement had the most direct influence on the Middle East? Kellogg-Briand PactYalta Conference declarationSALT I TreatyCamp David Accords
15Which statement most accurately describes the main idea of this 1975 cartoon? The press should not publish materials that damage the reputation of public officials.The government is improperly hiding information from the public.Government should restrict the publication of sensitive materials.Libraries are making too many government reports open to the public.
16Whose presidency was adversely affected by the Iran-Hostage Crisis? NixonFordCarterReagan