Presentation on theme: "Noise Control & Room Modes"— Presentation transcript:
1Noise Control & Room Modes AcousticsNoise Control & Room Modes
2Noise: Good vs. BadBad noise is considered unwanted sound; Good noise is a type of sound or noise we can use for our benefit.The picture to the right shows random noise, which is typically an unwanted type.
3White and Pink NoiseWhite noise has equal energy at every frequency, giving it an inherent high frequency rise of 3 dB per octave. Pink noise has equal energy per octave, resulting in a flat frequency response.
4White and Pink NoisePink noise is used to measure frequency response because of its flat response. Real Time Analysis is done with pink noise.White noise is generally considered unwanted noise and is found at the output of amplifiers and tape recorders.
5Interfering Noise Typical sources of noise in a room are: Traffic or outside sourcesHVAC systemsElectronic equipment (computers, console power supplies, etc.)
6Sources of NoiseNoise can invade a studio or other room in the following ways:Transmitted through air passages (airborne)Transmitted by diaphragmatic actionTransmitted through solid structures
7Sources of NoiseAirborne noise: noise passing through cracks or openings in the roomStructural noise: invades a room by mechanical transmission through solid structural elements like wood, steel, concrete, or masonry. HVAC ducting and water pipes are culprits as well.Diaphragmatic noise: sound energy transmitted directly to a rigid structure like a wall or window.
8Sound InsulationA wall, for example, must offer a given transmission loss to sound transmitted through it. An outside noise level of 80 dB would be reduced to 35 dB by a wall having a transmission loss of 45 dB.
9Transmission LossTransmission losses shown below are based on the mass of the material rather than the kind of material. For example, a layer of lead gives 95 times the transmission loss of plywood.
10Porous MaterialsPorous materials such as fiberglass are excellent sound absorbers, but they are of limited value in insulating against sound.The transmission loss for porous materials is directly proportional to the thickness. This loss is about 1 dB (100 Hz) to 4 dB (3,000 Hz) per inch of thickness.In contrast, solid materials like sheet rock yield approximately 5 dB per doubling of thickness.
11Sound Transmission Classification An STC rating of 50 dB for a wall would mean that it is better in insulating against sound than a wall of STC 40 dB.
19Modal Resonances: Reflections Indoors Outdoors the only reflecting plane may be the earth’s surface. Indoors the sound energy is contained, resulting in a louder sound. The drawing shows a virtual sound image created by the reflecting waves.
20Two-Wall ResonanceWhen a loudspeaker radiating pink noise excites the space between the walls, the wall-air-wall system exhibits a resonance at a frequency of f0 = 1,130/2L or 565/L, when L = the distance in feet between the two walls and 1,130 the speed of sound in feet per second.A similar resonance occurs at 2f0, 3f0, 4f0, etc., up through the spectrum. These resonances are called modes.
21Room ModesEach axial mode involves only two opposite and parallel surfaces. Tangential modes involve four surfaces, and oblique modes involve all six surfaces.