Presentation on theme: "SPANISH PRONUNCIATION 101 ( La Pronunciación). Did you know… That all of the sounds in Spanish are sounds you are already know? –It’s true! General American."— Presentation transcript:
Did you know… That all of the sounds in Spanish are sounds you are already know? –It’s true! General American English has about 41 different phonemes (or different clusters of letters that together make one sound) whereas Spanish only has 24. This means that you’ll only need about half of the sounds you probably already know to begin speaking a foreign language.
a e i o u ma me mi mo mu la mano el mono ma - nomo - no
mamomimume mamomimume ma no, mo na, mo no, mo ño, mo ña, ma ña mama, ma má, mimo, mi mó Mi ma má me ama. Me ama mi ma má. Mi ma má me mima. Me mima mi ma má. Mi niño menea una mano. Menea una mano mi niño.
The “G” Rule Not all G’s in Spanish are pronounced the same. Depending on what vowel precedes it, the G may either be pronounced like the hard G in the word get, or like the H in the word hen. If G comes before A, O, or U, it is pronounced with a hard G. If G comes before E or I, it is pronounced like an H. For example...
a e i o u ga ge gi go gu el gato la gitana ga - togi - ta - na ¡Ole! REMEMBER: The G before A, O, and U is hard as in get. The G before E or I is pronounced “H” as in hen.
The “C” Rule Similar to the G’s, C’s are also pronounced differently when coupled with an E or an I. For example: –the C before an A, O, or U is pronounced like the “ hard C” in can. –the C before an E or I is pronounced like the “ soft C” in cent. For example...
a e i o u ca ce ci co cu la calle el cielo ca - lleci - e - lo
(che) Ch Ch is treated as a letter of its own in the Spanish alphabet, as well as in many other alphabets. It is pronounced as the “Ch” in chair.
a e i o u cha che chi cho chu la leche la lechuga le - chele - chu - ga
Next is the letter R First, try pronouncing the letter “R” as you usually do. –Notice how only the sides of your tongue touch the roof of your mouth. Try it! When pronouncing the Spanish R, the tip of your tongue should also touch the roof of your mouth. –Doing so will make your R’s sound “swishy.”
The Trill: RR Now, with the tip your tongue lightly touching the roof of your mouth, exhale strongly. Doing so will cause a vibration between the tip of your tongue and the roof of your mouth. Try it! You have successfully trilled the R!
(eh - reh) R NOT (air - rey)! Notice the difference! Remember, it’s important to pronounce the Spanish R as accurately as possible. Practice, practice, practice!
a e i o u ra re ri ro ru la rosael charro ro - sacha - rro
TONGUE TWISTER #2 R con R cigarra. R con R barril. Corren rá pido los carros cargados de a zú car del ferrocaril.
(hoh - tah) J This letter is pronounced (hoh - tah). When grouped with other letters, it is pronounced like the “H” in hen. (Recall that ge and gi are also pronounced like the “H” in hen )
a e i o u ja je ji jo ju el ja món el jugo de naranja ja - món ju - go de na - ran - ja
(ah - cheh) H As indicated, the name of this letter is pronounced (ah - cheh). However, this letter makes no sound when grouped with letters other than C. That’s right: the Spanish H on its own is completely silent !
a e i o u ha he hi ho hu el helado Honduras he - la - doHon - du - ras
el cerillo Ahora, el re sú men. ¿Es tá n listos? el gaucho el jar rón
las almohadas el cochelos girasoles la democracia