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THE OECD Standard Codes for Agricultural and Forestry Tractors

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Presentation on theme: "THE OECD Standard Codes for Agricultural and Forestry Tractors"— Presentation transcript:

1 THE OECD Standard Codes for Agricultural and Forestry Tractors
Michael M. Ryan – Trade & Agriculture Directorate

2 The OECD Inter-governmental Organisation Established in 1961
30 Member countries Works with over 70 developing and transition economies Multilateral Forum … Address economic, social and environmental challenges Economic analyses Provides comparative data to underpin multilateral co-operation Policy recommendations and good practices

3 Structure of OECD COUNCIL General Secretariat
Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affaires Structure of OECD Directorate for Trade and Agriculture COUNCIL Development Co-operation Directorate Executive Directorate General Secretariat Trade Directorate Environment Directorate Public Affairs and Communications Co-operation with non-members Economics Department Statistics Department Semi-autonomous bodies Public Management Service International Energy Agency Development Centre Education, Employment, Labour And Social Affairs Nuclear Energy Agency Centre for Educational Research & Innovation Directorate for Science, Technology And Industry European Conference of Ministers of Transport Club du Sahel Territorial Development Service

4 Semi-autonomous bodies Co-operation with non-members
Structure of OECD COUNCIL Executive Directorate Territorial Development Service Public Affairs and Communications Science, Technology And Industry General Secretariat Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affaires Public Management Service Environment Development Co-operation Trade and Agriculture Economics Statistics Education, Employment, Labour And Social Affairs Semi-autonomous bodies International Energy Agency Development Centre Nuclear Energy Agency European Conference of Ministers of Transport Centre for Educational Research & Innovation Club du Sahel Co-operation with non-members

5 Who drives OECD’s Work? The Council
Decision-making power is vested in the OECD Council. It is made up of one representative per member country, plus a representative of the European Commission. The Council meets regularly at the level of permanent representatives to the OECD and decisions are taken by consensus. The Council meets at ministerial level once a year to discuss key issues and set priorities for OECD work. The work mandated by the Council is carried out by the OECD secretariat. Committees Representatives of the 30 OECD member countries meet in specialised committees to advance ideas and review progress in specific policy areas, such as economics, trade, science, employment, education or financial markets. There are about 200 committees, working groups and expert groups. Some senior officials from national administrations go to OECD committee meetings each year to request, review and contribute to work undertaken by the OECD secretariat. Once they return home, they have online access to documents and can exchange information through a special network. OECD secretariat Angel Gurría heads the OECD Secretariat and is assisted by one or more Deputy Secretaries-General.  Mr Gurria also chairs the Council, providing the link between national delegations and the Secretariat. The Secretariat in Paris is made up of some staff who support the activities of committees, and carry out the work in response to priorities decided by the OECD Council. The staff includes economists, lawyers, scientists and other professionals. Most staff members are based in Paris but some work at OECD centres in other countries.

6 Trade & Agriculture Directorate
Policy Analysis Monitoring changes in agricultural policies Medium term commodity outlook Agro-Food Chain analysis International Standards Part II Programmes Bio-energy policies Multilateral analysis of trade agreements (agriculture, manufactures, services, export credits)

7 Codes and Schemes Participation open to all countries
Voluntary programme – self financing Currently 60 countries Equal voting rights First step to participating in other activities Annual contribution Four Schemes: – Seed Scheme – Tractor Codes – Forest Scheme – Fruit and Vegetable Scheme

8 OECD Standard Codes for the Official Testing of Agricultural and Forestry Tractors
Background Established in 1959 29 participating countries 25 OECD Member Countries China, India, Russia, Serbia National Designated Authorities 9 Codes [2-10] Performance & Safety Codes > tested for Performance > tested for safety codes

9 What is it? RULES and DIRECTIONS for tractor testing
Official OECD approval for a tractor First Code established on 21st April 1959 Performance …. Safety … ROPS & FOPS Noise…. In constant evolution: Common harmonised procedures/binding international rules Various features of performance, safety and noise

10 “one tractor – one description – one test”
Objectives “one tractor – one description – one test” simplify existing international trade procedures, establish specifications and basic performance criteria ensure a minimum of quality for the traded material Transparency, facilitate trade, increase the agricultural machinery market

11 9 Codes ……Testing Performance: Code 2
Noise at the driver's position(s): Code 5 Protective structures: Codes 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 Roll-Over Protective Structures (ROPS) Falling Object Protective Structures (FOPS Code 1… Repealed NB: Quantifiable tests for reliable comparison between countries


13 OECD Standard Codes


15 OECD Standard Codes

16 29 Participating countries
National Designated Authorities (NDAs) implement the Codes choose the Testing Stations to perform tractor tests according to the Codes Non-OECD members: China India Russian Federation Serbia NDA designated when the country joins the programme to represent each delegation Observers

17 How does it work? OECD Secretariat NDA New Tractor Report
Approval Number TT = one in each country (normally), test various feature of the tractor in accordance with the Codes, produce a test report for each tractor and each code, which is submitted to OECD for approval CC = under contract with the OECD, check and approve the reports on behalf of the OECD Secretariat §11 intro to the Codes “Tests carried out under the OECD Tractor Codes are given official approval provided that the OECD Secretariat is satisfied that the test was carried out in accordance with the procedures laid down in the Code applied. In the case of tests on protective structures, in addition, there are pass/fail criteria which stipulate certain minimum performance levels for the structure tested.” §13 “one OECD approval number will be issued for a given tractor or for a tractor-protective structure combination” Approvals since 1959: > for performance > for noise or safety

18 3 Types of Activities To get this system working, responsibilities/tasks are shares/split into 3 groups: Admin/organisational = Secretariat Technical research: role of each delegation via its domestic research centres Decisional = NDAs

19 OECD Standard Codes OECD Coordination Centre …
Quality Control … Checks/ screens the reports from Testing Stations in member countries Approval numbers….. Cooperation with other Organisations ISO ---- close cooperation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) EU Directives Equivalence FAO ……

20 OECD Standard Codes Performance Code
Code 2: Testing of tractor performance Motor power, fuel consumption, traction, hydraulics, etc. Protective Structures (ROPS) codes Roll-over, noise, falling objects,…. Code 3: Dynamic testing of roll-over protective structure Code 4: Static testing of roll-over protective structure Code 5: Measurement of noise at the driving position

21 OECD Standard Codes Code 6: Testing of front-mounted protective structures on narrow track tractors Code 7: Testing of rear-mounted protective structures on narrow-track tractors Code 8: Testing of protective structures on track-laying tractors Code 9: Testing of protective structures for telehandlers Code 10: Testing of falling object protective structures on tractors (FOPS)

22 Benefits Governments/Public Companies/Private End user – Farmers
Create a business environment to facilitate international trade Test methods Quality control Reduced trade barriers Reducing regulatory costs Companies can be: tractor manufacturers tractor sellers tractor users Codes officially tested giving credibility to those tests  International recognition of the OECD Standards End user – Farmers Quality products Comparable information

23 OECD STANDARD CODES To facilitate trade through the use of internationally recognised standards To contribute to health & safety requirements To contribute to improving environmental standards… To improve collaboration between international standards setting bodies… To share information and knowledge on best practices...

24 New Challenges Environment/climate change: pollution issues
Biofuels – blending/economical aspect Reduced fuel consumption – engine efficiency Emissions - exhaust gas New types of tractors? Changing crops and practices – ex: GPS New sophistications – ex: foldable ROPS, tractor mass, round shape ROPS Environment New technology Economics? That is not a new consideration…

25 Enlargement To major countries of the agriculture and forestry tractors industry Brazil Argentina Mexico … Any country whishing to participate

26 Role of the Secretariat
Coordination between the countries: Production and distribution of official documents Organisation of meetings Ensures research progress Develop and implement the programme of work: ensure its pertinence Manage the budget Evaluates candidate countries to join Liaise with international organisations

27 Meetings Sub-group meetings: Research Group ISO/OECD Annual Meeting
Plennary NDAs, Bureau, CC, observers 1st Technical Working Group Technical proposals to update the Codes National engineers, Bureau, CC Test Engineers’ Conference Every other year (next in Korea, Sep ‘09) National Engineers TWG: Focused on OECD programme Only engineers working on on-going research projects To prepare the AM (draft proposals to amend the Codes) TEC: Broader public Demonstrations – informative Feeds in the Tractor Codes’ Programme of work 2nd Technical Working Group Technical propasals to update the Codes National engineers, Bureau, CC

28 How to Join?

29 Further information on the Schemes
Rules & Regulations of the OECD Codes List of Codes --- Guidelines for joining the Codes Summary of tractor test reports Certification List of National Designated Authorities

30 Thank You

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