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THE OECD Standard Codes for Agricultural and Forestry Tractors Michael M. Ryan – Trade & Agriculture Directorate.

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Presentation on theme: "THE OECD Standard Codes for Agricultural and Forestry Tractors Michael M. Ryan – Trade & Agriculture Directorate."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE OECD Standard Codes for Agricultural and Forestry Tractors Michael M. Ryan – Trade & Agriculture Directorate

2 The OECD Inter-governmental OrganisationInter-governmental Organisation –Established in 1961 –30 Member countries –Works with over 70 developing and transition economies Multilateral Forum … Address economic, social and environmental challenges Economic analyses Provides comparative data to underpin multilateral co- operation Policy recommendations and good practices

3 Structure of OECD General Secretariat Co-operation with non-members Semi-autonomous bodies COUNCIL Executive Directorate Public Affairs and Communications Directorate for Trade and Agriculture Development Co-operation Directorate Trade Directorate Environment Directorate Economics Department Statistics Department Public Management Service Education, Employment, Labour And Social Affairs Directorate for Science, Technology And Industry Territorial Development Service Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affaires International Energy AgencyDevelopment Centre Nuclear Energy Agency European Conference of Ministers of Transport Centre for Educational Research & Innovation Club du Sahel

4 General Secretariat Co-operation with non-members COUNCIL Executive Directorate Public Affairs and Communications Trade and Agriculture Development Co-operation Environment Economics Statistics Public Management Service Education, Employment, Labour And Social Affairs Science, Technology And Industry Territorial Development Service Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affaires Structure of OECD Semi-autonomous bodies International Energy AgencyDevelopment Centre Nuclear Energy Agency European Conference of Ministers of Transport Centre for Educational Research & Innovation Club du Sahel

5 Who drives OECD’s Work?

6 Trade & Agriculture Directorate Policy Analysis Monitoring changes in agricultural policies Medium term commodity outlook Agro-Food Chain analysis International Standards Part II Programmes Bio-energy policies Multilateral analysis of trade agreements (agriculture, manufactures, services, export credits)

7 Codes and Schemes Participation open to all countries Voluntary programme – self financing Currently 60 countries –Equal voting rights –First step to participating in other activities –Annual contribution Four Schemes: – Seed Scheme – Tractor Codes – Forest Scheme – Fruit and Vegetable Scheme

8 OECD Standard Codes for the Official Testing of Agricultural and Forestry Tractors BackgroundBackground –Established in 1959 –29 participating countries 25 OECD Member Countries China, India, Russia, Serbia –National Designated Authorities –9 Codes [2-10] Performance & Safety Codes >2 000 tested for Performance > tested for safety codes

9 What is it? RULES and DIRECTIONS for tractor testing Official OECD approval for a tractor First Code established on 21 st April 1959 Performance …. Safety … ROPS & FOPS Noise…. In constant evolution:

10 Objectives “one tractor – one description – one test” simplify existing international trade procedures, establish specifications and basic performance criteria ensure a minimum of quality for the traded material Transparency, facilitate trade, increase the agricultural machinery market

11 9 Codes ……Testing Performance: Code 2 Noise at the driver's position(s): Code 5 Protective structures: Codes 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 –Roll-Over Protective Structures (ROPS) –Falling Object Protective Structures (FOPS –Code 1… Repealed –NB: Quantifiable tests for reliable comparison between countries

12 OECD STANDARD CODES

13 OECD Standard Codes

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16 29 Participating countries Non-OECD members: –China –India –Russian Federation –Serbia National Designated Authorities (NDAs) implement the Codes choose the Testing Stations to perform tractor tests according to the Codes

17 How does it work? New Tractor Report Approval Number NDA OECD Secretariat Approvals since 1959: > for performance > for noise or safety

18 3 Types of Activities

19 OECD Standard Codes OECD Coordination Centre … –Quality Control … –Checks/ screens the reports from Testing Stations in member countries –Approval numbers….. Cooperation with other Organisations –ISO ---- close cooperation –Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) –EU Directives Equivalence –FAO ……

20 OECD Standard Codes Performance Code –Code 2: Testing of tractor performance Motor power, fuel consumption, traction, hydraulics, etc. Protective Structures (ROPS) codes Roll-over, noise, falling objects,…. –Code 3:Dynamic testing of roll-over protective structure –Code 4:Static testing of roll-over protective structure –Code 5:Measurement of noise at the driving position

21 OECD Standard Codes –Code 6:Testing of front-mounted protective structures on narrow track tractors –Code 7:Testing of rear-mounted protective structures on narrow-track tractors –Code 8:Testing of protective structures on track- laying tractors –Code 9:Testing of protective structures for telehandlers –Code 10: Testing of falling object protective structures on tractors (FOPS)

22 Benefits Governments/Public Create a business environment to facilitate international trade –Test methods –Quality control –Reduced trade barriers Companies/Private Reducing regulatory costs Companies can be: –tractor manufacturers –tractor sellers –tractor users End user – Farmers –Quality products –Comparable information

23 OECD STANDARD CODES To facilitate trade through the use of internationally recognised standardsTo facilitate trade through the use of internationally recognised standards To contribute to health & safety requirementsTo contribute to health & safety requirements To contribute to improving environmental standards…To contribute to improving environmental standards… To improve collaboration between international standards setting bodies…To improve collaboration between international standards setting bodies… To share information and knowledge on best practices...To share information and knowledge on best practices...

24 New Challenges Environment/climate change: pollution issues –Biofuels – blending/economical aspect –Reduced fuel consumption – engine efficiency –Emissions - exhaust gas New types of tractors? –Changing crops and practices – ex: GPS –New sophistications – ex: foldable ROPS, tractor mass, round shape ROPS

25 Enlargement To major countries of the agriculture and forestry tractors industry –Brazil –Argentina –Mexico … Any country whishing to participate

26 Role of the Secretariat Coordination between the countries: –Production and distribution of official documents –Organisation of meetings –Ensures research progress Develop and implement the programme of work: ensure its pertinence Manage the budget Evaluates candidate countries to join Liaise with international organisations

27 Meetings Annual Meeting Plennary NDAs, Bureau, CC, observers 1 st Technical Working Group Technical proposals to update the Codes National engineers, Bureau, CC 2 nd Technical Working Group Technical propasals to update the Codes National engineers, Bureau, CC Test Engineers’ Conference Every other year (next in Korea, Sep ‘09) National Engineers Sub-group meetings: Research Group ISO/OECD

28 How to Join?

29 Further information on the Schemes Rules & Regulations of the OECD Codes List of Codes --- Guidelines for joining the Codes Summary of tractor test reports Certification List of National Designated Authorities

30 Thank You


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