2Occupational Safety and Health INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOccupational Safety and HealthIn the PhilippinesA
3Progress of OSH Legislations in the Philippines 1903- development of OSH in the Philippines1908- Employer’s Liability Act was instituted requiring employers to compensate workers who were injured while performing their job1908 – Bureau of Labor was created.Workmen’s Compensation Act No was passed providing payment of damages by the employer for illnesses, in addition to injury or death due to employmentBureau of Labor was named Department of Labor on Dec. 8, 1933.
41936-. Commonwealth Act No. 104 was passed. First 1936- Commonwealth Act No. 104 was passed. First legislation directly enjoining management to ensure the promotion of OSH in the workplace. Known as the First Industrial Safety Law1945- Commonwealth Act No. 696 was approved to include safety in the installation and operation of boilers and pressure vessels.1948- Philippines became a member of ILO1954- Enactment of RA No (Free Emergency Medical & Dental Treatment Act)1957 – Bureau of Labor Standards was created.1959- SOPI was organized
51967-Proclamation No. 115-A was issued declaring the year & every year thereafter as SAFETY & ACCIDENT PREVENTION YEARJanuary General OrientationFebruary - Air TransportationMarch - Fire PreventionApril - Vacation HazardsMay - Land TransportationJune - Sea TransportationJuly - SchoolsAugust - FarmsSeptember -Health and SanitationOctober - Industry & CommerceNovember -MinesDecember -Holiday Hazards & Homes
61974- PD 442 (LCP) was passed1975- BLS started the program on accreditation of STOs to conduct OSH training.1977- Tripartite body was created to study the proposed OSHS1978- OSHS was approved. Nat’l Tripartite Committee was created to continue study the improvement of the OSHS1982 – BLS renamed as BWC1984- Tripartite consultation was held to amend OSHS Rule 1410 (Construction Safety).
71988- OSHC was created pursuant to EO 307. First in Southeast Asia 1989- First major revision of OSHS1996- Tripartite consultation workshop held to discuss the amendments of Rule 10301998- DO 13 was issued. Tripartite Council on OSH in Construction Industry was created.1998- Passed MC No. 02 series of Guidelines for Classifying Hazardous and Non- Hazardous Workplaces1999 -ASPPI was organized.1st Gen. Assembly &Convention of DOLE Accredited SafetyProfessionals was held
82000- MC No. 01 s2000- Guidelines for the Conduct of WEA - MC No. 02 s2000-Guidelines in the Application of Workplace Component of RA 8504 known as “Phil. AIDS Prevention & Control Act of 1998”2001- Approved Amendments to Rules 1030, 1160, 1170, of the OSHS2002 – 1st meeting/gathering of DOLE-BWC Accredited Safety Training & Testing Organizations-Department Order (DO) 53-03, s Implementation of a Drug-Free Workplace Policies and Procedures for the Private Sector.2003- Organization of ATOP Inc. for OSH. Renamed as ASHTOP Inc. in 2004.2004 – Department Order (DO) 57-04, s 2004 (New Labor Standards Enforcement Framework) was issued.
9Article XIII Section 3 of Phil. Constitution INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH LEGISLATIONSPhil. Const.Article XIII Section 3 of Phil. ConstitutionThe state shall afford full protection to labor,They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage.The state shall afford full protection to labor and it includes insuring a humane conditions of work for workers. Humane condition – makatao,A
10Law : P.D. 442, Book IV, Titles I and II INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH LEGISLATIONSLaw : P.D. 442, Book IV, Titles I and IITitle : Labor Code of the Phils.Year Passed :Implementing Agency: DOLEContent: Revised and consolidated labor and social laws to afford full protection to labor, promote employment and human resources development and ensure industrial peace based on social justice.Phil. Const.Labor Code.The legal basis of OSH laws in the Philippines is the PD 442 otherwise known as Labor Code of the Philippines. It was passed in 1974 and the relevant provisions on OSH was contained under Book IV of the Labor Code. The DOLE thrusts were also based on this law which are the :Promotion of employment and human resources developmentMaintenance of industrial peaceWorkers’ protection and welfareA
11INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH LEGISLATIONSArticle 162 – The Secretary of labor shall by appropriate order set and enforce mandatory OSH Standards to eliminate or reduce OSH hazards in all workplaces and institute new and update existing programs to ensure safe and healthful working conditions in all place of employmentArticle DOLE shall be solely responsible for the administration, enforcement of laws, policies and programs on OSH.Chartered cities may be allowed to conduct industrial safety inspection of establishments within their respective jurisdictions.Phil. Const.Labor Code.The legal basis of OSH laws in the Philippines is the PD 442 otherwise known as Labor Code of the Philippines. It was passed in 1974 and the relevant provisions on OSH was contained under Book IV of the Labor Code. The DOLE thrusts were also based on this law which are the :Promotion of employment and human resources developmentMaintenance of industrial peaceWorkers’ protection and welfareA
12INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH LEGISLATIONSPhil. Const.Law : Rules and Regulations Implementing Art. 162, Book IV, Title I, P.D. 442Title : Occupational Safety and Health Standards (OSHS)Year Passed : 1978Relevant Provision/s : Rule 1000 toRule 1980Implementing Agency: DOLELabor Code.OSHS - Rule and regulations implementing Article 162 of the Labor Code of the Philippines.OSHS.A
13Legal Basis of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Book IV, Title IChapter IMedical and Dental ServicesChapter IIOccupational Safety
14Legal Basis of the Occupational Safety and Health and Standards Book IV, Title I – Medical, Dental and Occupational SafetyOccupational Safety and Health Standards, (OSHS)1978
15INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH STANDARDSA set of mandatory OSH standards which codifies all safety orders being enforced prior to its promulgation.It contains administrative requirements, general safety and health rules, technical safety regulations, and other measures to eliminate or reduce OSH hazards in the workplace.Before promulgation of the Standards, OSH policies are in a form of safety orders.A
16OSH STANDARDS OSH Standards: PURPOSE SCOPE INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH STANDARDSOSH Standards:PURPOSEto protect every working man against the dangers of injury, sickness or death through safe and healthful working conditions.SCOPEshall apply to all places of employment except land, sea and air transportation and safety in Mines.
17Occupational Safety & Health Standards Some Rules of the OSHS1000 General Provisions1010 Other Safety Rules1020 Registration1030 Training & Accreditation1040 Health & Safety Committee1050 Notification & Keeping ofOccupational Illnesses & Injuries1060 Premises of Establishments1070 Environmental Control1080 Personal Protective Equipment
18Occupational Safety & Health Standards Some OSHS RulesHazardous MaterialsGas & Electric Welding & Cutting Operations1120 Hazardous Work ProcessesExplosivesMaterials Handling & StorageBoilerUnfired Pressure VesselsInternal Combustion Engine*Machine Guarding1210 Electrical Safety1220 Elevators & Related Equipment1230 Identification of Piping System1240 Power Piping Lines1410 Construction Safety1420 LoggingFire Protection & Control1950 Pesticides & Fertilizers1970 Fees1980 Authority of LG1990 Final Provisions1960 OH Services
19WHO ARE THE ORGANIZATIONS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSOSH STANDARDSWHO ARE THE ORGANIZATIONSINVOLVED IN OSH?
20ADMINISTATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH INTRODUCTION TO OSHSADMINISTATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSHDOLEECCEmployees Compensation CommissionThe ECC is responsible for initiating, rationalizing and coordinating the policies on employees compensation programs as well as deciding appealed cases from the GSIS and SSS, the agencies which initially administer the employee’s compensation program in the public and private sector.
21ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH INTRODUCTION TO OSHSADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSHDOLEECCOccupational Safety and Health CenterUndertakes continuing studies and researches on OSHPlans, develops and implements training programs on OSH Undertakes practical testing for safe use and sets standard specifications of PPEsMonitor workers’ exposure to hazardous substance and environmental conditions.OSHCA
22ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH INTRODUCTION TO OSHSADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSHDOLEECCBWCOSHCBureau of Working ConditionsThe BWC performs primarily policy and program development and advisory functions in the administration and enforcement of laws relating to working conditions.It oversee the implementation of standards through technical supervision of enforcement by the DOLE’s 15 Regional Offices all over the countryA
23ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSH INTRODUCTION TO OSHSADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION FOR OSHDOLEImplements laws, policies, plans, programs, projects, rules and regulations of the DOLE.ECCBWCOSHCRO1RO2RO3RO4RO5RO6RO7RO15A
24HOW DOLE ENFORCE OSH LAWS ? INTRODUCTION TO OSHSHOW DOLE ENFORCE OSH LAWS ?The OSH laws are enforced and monitored by the ROs through its LSED manned by labor inspectors vested with visitorial and enforcement power under Article 128.Labor inspectors also disseminate information, advocate and give technical assistance on OSH
25ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS2 Types of OSH InspectionTechnical Safety Inspection – inspection for the purpose of safety determination of boilers, pressure vessels, internal combustion engines, electrical installations, elevators, hoisting equipment and other mechanical equipment.
26ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS2 Types of OSH InspectionGeneral Safety and Health Inspection – refers to inspection of work environment, adequacy of work space, ventilation, lighting, handling, storage or work procedures, protection facilities, location and operation of machinery other than those covered by technical safety inspection and other safety and health hazards in the workplace..
27ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWSSafety and HealthinConstruction.
28ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWSSafety and Health in ConstructionRule 1410 of the OSHS and DO 13, series 1998 provide requirements for keeping and maintaining a safe worksiteExamples:1) Health and Safety Committee to plan, develop, implement worksite programs on OSH approved by DOLE-BWC2) Approved Personal Protective Equipment3) Trained or accredited OSH personnel4) Other administrative and technical safety and health requirements.
29ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWSSafety and Health in ConstructionDOLE Advocacy and linkages with stakeholders- MOA between DOLE and DPWH to harmonize and complement the National Building Code and the Labor Code of the Philippines.
30ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWS INTRODUCTION TO OSHSENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF OSH LAWSSafety and Health in ConstructionDOLE Advocacy and linkages with stakeholdersNBC to include safety and healthDOLE Proposal - to add new Rule on Occupational Safety and Health in the Revised Implementing Rules and Regulations pursuant to PD otherwise known as the National Building Code.
31ACCREDITATION PROGRAM Safety and Health Standards Pursuant to Rule 1030of theOccupationalSafety and Health Standards
32ACCREDITATION PROGRAM INTRODUCTION TO OSHSACCREDITATION PROGRAMRule Training and Accreditation of Personnel in OSHMandates the BWC to conduct training program on OSH directly or through accredited Safety Training Organization.Require the employer to appoint a safety officer. The training course prescribed by the BWC shall be requisite for the appointment of the safety officer in the place of employmentAll full-time safety officers must meet the requirement of duly-accredited Safety Practitioner or Safety Consultants by the Bureau
33Requirements in the Practice of OSH INTRODUCTION TO OSHSRequirements in the Practice of OSHCompletion of the Bureau Prescribed Training Course On OSH conducted by DOLE Accredited Safety Training OrganizationBWC Accreditation as OSH practitioner/consultant
34Every employer shall take steps to train a sufficient number of supervisors or technical personnel in occupational safety and healthNo. of workersNon-hazardous workplace *Every add’l. 500 or fraction thereofOne(1) part-time safety officerTwo(2) part-time safety officersOne(1) full-time safety officerOne(2) full-time safety officersOne(1) add’l. full-time safety officer* Based on Department Order No. 16, series of 2001
35Every employer shall take steps to train a sufficient number of supervisors or technical personnel in occupational safety and healthNo. of workersHazardous *Highly hazardous *1 - 50Every add’l. 500 or fraction thereofEvery add’l. 250 or fraction thereof1 part-time safety officer1 full-time safety officer1 full-time safety officer1 FT & 1 PT safety officer1 FT & 1 PT safety officer2 full-time safety officer2 FT & 1 PT safety officer2 full-time safety officer1 add’l. FT safety officer1 add’l. FT safety officer
36ACCREDITATION PROGRAM INTRODUCTION TO OSHSACCREDITATION PROGRAMUPDATEThe Bureau has accredited:1800 safety practitioners175 safety consultants20 Active Safety Training Organization4 Testing of Construction HeavyEquipment organization
37Enforcement Framework INTRODUCTION TO OSHSLabor StandardsEnforcement Framework
38Enforcement Framework INTRODUCTION TO OSHSLabor StandardsEnforcement FrameworkComplementary Approaches to InspectionSelf-auditJoint RegulationAssistance Program for DevelopmentIndustry/Social AccordDelegation of Authority
39INTRODUCTION TO OSHSEmerging Trends on the Role and Functions of OSH Practitioner/ConsultantPersonal safety, health, environmental safety, equipment safety, process safety, product safety, security of people and property are becoming more interrelated and create an expanded role for OSH professionals
40INTRODUCTION TO OSHSEmerging Trends on the Role and Functions of OSH Practitioner/ConsultantOSH professionals missions and objectives are also geared towards providing security and protection to life and property.
41INTRODUCTION TO OSHSEmerging Trends on the Role and Functions of OSH Practitioner/ConsultantSafety, health and security programs and activities complement each other.