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BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE LAUREL SCHOOL | ONE LYMAN CIRCLE SHAKER HEIGHTS, OHIO 44122 216.455.3061 WWW.LAURELSCHOOL.ORG.

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Presentation on theme: "BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE LAUREL SCHOOL | ONE LYMAN CIRCLE SHAKER HEIGHTS, OHIO 44122 216.455.3061 WWW.LAURELSCHOOL.ORG."— Presentation transcript:

1 BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE LAUREL SCHOOL | ONE LYMAN CIRCLE SHAKER HEIGHTS, OHIO

2 VIEW FROM THE PAST [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ] We used to think that brains were a lot like skeletal structures: You’re born with everything you’ll ever have. No matter what you do, nothing new is added over time.

3 Brains are a lot like muscles: What you’re born with is just a start What you do makes a big difference in how your muscles and brain grow and develop! WHAT WE KNOW NOW [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

4 There are four important ways [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ] that muscles and brains are alike.

5 Muscles and brains have tiny structures that grow and multiply. SIMILARITY #1 [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

6 that contract when the muscle is put to work. Your muscles grow as the fibers get bigger new fibers are added. MUSCLES HAVE FIBERS... [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

7 that are activated when the brain is in use. Your brain grows as neurons get denser and new neurons are added. BRAINS HAVE NEURONS… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

8 The brain is made up of billions of neurons that work together to run our bodies and our minds. 30,000 neurons can fit on the head of a pin. Neurons are cells that share information with each other. WHAT’S A NEURON? [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

9 Neurons communicate by passing along an electrical impulse. Electrical impulses are passed from one neuron to the next through the release of chemicals called neurotransmitters. HOW DO NEURONS SHARE INFORMATION? [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

10 Under heavy use, neurons develop new dendrites so that they can communicate more efficiently with each other. HOW DO NEURONS GET DENSER WITH USE? [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

11 The human brain constantly generates progenitor cells that can turn into neurons. A brain that is learning needs to add neurons to store and communicate the new information. This process by which a progenitor cell becomes a neuron is called neurogenesis. HOW DO NEURONS INCREASE IN NUMBER? [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

12 Animal studies prove that the brain grows when challenged. Rats raised in enriched cages have brains that are 10% heavier than the brains of rats raised in plain cages. HOW DO WE KNOW THAT BRAINS GROW AS WE LEARN? [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

13 Muscles and brains only develop when challenged by increasingly difficult tasks. SIMILARITY #2 [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

14 You need to lift heavier and heavier weights. TO DEVELOP BIGGER MUSCLES… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

15 You need to do harder and harder work. TO DEVELOP YOUR BRAIN… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

16 Developing muscles & developing your brain is challenging and sometimes uncomfortable. [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

17 When pushed past the point of comfort. MUSCLES ONLY DEVELOP… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

18 When pushed past the point of comfort. BRAINS ONLY DEVELOP… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

19 Building muscles and building your brain takes time and sustained effort. SIMILARITY #3 [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

20 to build new connections between neurons and to integrate new neurons into old neural pathways. SUSTAINED EFFORT IS REQUIRED… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

21 Buddhist monks spend thousands of hours engaged in meditation, the art of carefully observing one’s own mental processes. Areas of the brain associated with attention and sensory processing are much thicker in the brains of monks than in the brains of people who don’t meditate. HOW DO WE KNOW THAT SUSTAINED EFFORT BUILDS YOUR BRAIN? [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

22 All girls can build their muscles and their brains. SIMILARITY #4 [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

23 MUSCLES AND BRAINS START SMALL IN EVERYONE AND GROW WITH USE. [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

24 BABIES’ MUSCLES START SMALL AND WEAK AND GET BIGGER AND STRONGER WITH USE. [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

25 BRAINS BECOME DENSER AND MORE COMPLEX AS NEW MENTAL SKILLS ARE DEVELOPED [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

26 makes you stronger! Your new muscles can help you do all sorts of things. BUILDING MUSCLE… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

27 makes you smarter! Your increased intelligence can help you in all of your classes. BUILDING YOUR BRAIN… [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ]

28 How are brains Both have tiny structures that GROW AND MULTIPLY. These structures only develop when CHALLENGED by difficult tasks. Both muscles and brains require SUSTAINED EFFORT in order to develop. ALL GIRLS can build their muscles AND their brains. [ BRAIN TRAINING: THE NEW SCIENCE OF INTELLIGENCE ] & muscles alike?


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