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POINT LISAS PORT AND INDUSTRIAL ESTATE DISASTER RESPONSE AMMONIA SPILL.

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Presentation on theme: "POINT LISAS PORT AND INDUSTRIAL ESTATE DISASTER RESPONSE AMMONIA SPILL."— Presentation transcript:

1 POINT LISAS PORT AND INDUSTRIAL ESTATE DISASTER RESPONSE AMMONIA SPILL

2 Ammonia Inhalation ñImmediate specialist medical attention required ñShort Term Exposure Limit is 35 ppm for ten (10) minutes ñ500 ppm immediately dangerous to life and health ñSevere chemical burns (mucus membrane, respiratory tract etc..) may be life threatening if not treated correctly in a timely manner

3 RESPONSIBILITIES Port Manager ñInitiates response Management of incident Safety Officer ñEmergency response ñInitiate relevant safety resources ñFormulate rescue teams Alternate incident commander ñOC Marine Alternate Safety Officer ñSecurity Manager

4 RESPONSIBILITIES Officer in Charge, Marine ñAll radio communications Assistant Port Manager ñEvacuation of all Personnel ñCoordination of all vehicles for response effort Security Manager ñTraffic Management ñSecurity Senior Customs Officer ñAssigned statutory functions

5 ORGANISATION CHART EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM PLIPDECO PORT Public Relations Media TTEMAS Other Agencies

6 The Scenario Ammonia Release - Savonetta Pier I ñDate:28 June 1996 ñTime: 1000 hours ñLocation:Loading Terminal ñActivity:Loading of an Ammonia Tanker ñIncident:Release of high concentration of Ammonia

7 ñCause: Malfunction of the loading arm end (coupling) ñLoading Rate:1,000 tonnes per hour ñDuration of Release: 5 minutes ñQuantity Released: 85 tonnes ñWind direction & speed: West to East at 10 mph ñAreas Affected: Port & Estate (Plants include TTMC, Arcadian, Shell Lubricants), portion of California (residents south of Gilbert Park) Ammonia Release - SP I

8 Population at risk:955 ñPort-230 ñArcadian-180 ñShell Lubricants- 25 ñTTMC II- 40 ñLCL /CES- 55 ñCalifornia Gov’t School-350 ñCalifornia Residents- 75 Ammonia Release - SP I

9 ñ10:00 Loading arm uncoupled ñ10:00:05Operator at SP I, Visual observation of incident, Calibrator Alarms at Control Rm ñ10:00:30Operator, Control Room SP I, sounds alarm button at Port, Incident Commander alerted ñ10:00:45Control Room monitors & alerts Operator at Plant, simultaneously initiating TTEMAS Grid Ammonia Release - SP I

10 ñ10:01Informs Ammonia Operator by hand radio, Port Incident Commander activates Emergency Response Team ñ10:04Valve shut off at source ñ10:05Lines free of NH3 Ammonia Release - SP I

11 ñControl Room Operator observes 3 employees on pier overcome by Ammonia inhalation ñAmmonia observed to be travelling over Port heading eastwards ñObservations relayed to Incident Commander (Port Manager) ñCasualties taken to first stage triage point ñFirst Aiders report to triage area ñAll available vehicles report to triage area Ammonia Release - SP I

12 ñTTEMAS Communication Grid initiated by Operator’s radio call to NGC channel ïFire Services ïPolice ïNEMA ïHospitals ïPLIPDECO Senior Management ïKey personnel at Estate Plants ïCouva Regional Council ñALL MEDIA RELEASES VIA OFFICE OF PLIPDECO PRO Ammonia Release - Communication

13 ñ10:04 Land Evacuation of Port commences supervised by Evacuation Coordinator ñ10:04 Sea Evacuation commences supervised by Senior Tug Engineer ñ10:04 Evacuation/safety plans of individual companies commences (Arcadian, Shell, TTMC II, CES/LCL) ñEmergency Traffic Management/Control Plan ñCommunity evacuation plan by Regional Corporation ñ10:13 Complete evacuation of Port and affected areas on Point Lisas Estate Evacuation: Land & Sea

14 Estate Emergency Resources ñSix (6) Ambulances owned and operated by Tenants ñFour (4) Tugs (2 fire fighting) ñSix (6) Fire Tenders ñSix (6) pickups, 2 maxis (37 person capacity) ñMedical Services ïFour (4) First Aid Stations ïTwo (2) On Call Doctors ïFour (4) Nurses ïTwo (2) Paramedics ïForty (40) First Aiders

15 Report on Incident ñFailure of loading arm equipment ñ3 persons died instantly at SP I ñ12 critically injured, 5 died while awaiting treatment ñSevere traffic congestion and accidents ñCommunity not fully evacuated

16 Assessment ñCommunication: ïno clear warning communicated to residents ïvisitors did not know how to respond to sirens/alarms ñEmergency Response (Medical): ïinadequate personal protective equipment ïresponse time for medical attention inadequate ïinadequate specialized medical personnel ïinadequate triage equipment and facilities

17 ñEmergency Response (Protective Services): ïInadequate training & equipment to handle industrial emergencies ñEvacuation ïCommunity not evacuated in a timely manner ïinadequate resources & training to evacuate community ñTraffic Management ïCongestion at BC Roundabout affecting emergency personnel required on the Estate, as well as persons evacuated Assessment

18 Health Facility Response Comparison 10 mins25 mins55 mins35 mins

19 Recommendations ñCommunication: installation of sirens and public address warning system for community ñDevelop & testing of emergency plan with Community involvement ñPublic education for communities on emergency response & evacuation procedures ñNeed for Off-site Emergency Command Centre ñA Twenty Four (24) Hour Medical Facility Providing General & Emergency Care Services to Victims of Industrial Accidents

20 ñFire station built and fully equipped to handle industrial incidents ñHighly specialized HAZMAT Team available to handle industrial incidents ñAdequate personnel protective equipment for employees ñPreventive maintenance plan for equipment ñSafety Orientation for visitors to Estate and Port ñRestrict access to Estate Recommendations

21 ñEmergency traffic management/control plan (removal of all traffic flow impediments BC Roundabout and island on SMR) ñPeriodic testing of Emergency Plans for Estate and individual Plant Recommendations


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