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Christian History Lesson 3 The Reformation. The Fall of Constantinople 1453.

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Presentation on theme: "Christian History Lesson 3 The Reformation. The Fall of Constantinople 1453."— Presentation transcript:

1 Christian History Lesson 3 The Reformation

2 The Fall of Constantinople 1453

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4 He laid the egg which Luther hatched Born 1466 in RotterdamBorn 1466 in Rotterdam A Doctor of Divinity and royal counselor to Charles VA Doctor of Divinity and royal counselor to Charles V I expected quite another kind of birdI expected quite another kind of bird His Greek edition of the New Testament was used by the Reformers, Luther, Zwingli, TyndaleHis Greek edition of the New Testament was used by the Reformers, Luther, Zwingli, Tyndale

5 Martin Luther First studied law at the University of Erfurt 1501First studied law at the University of Erfurt 1501 Became an Augustinian Monk 1505, he was a devout Catholic and a mad papistBecame an Augustinian Monk 1505, he was a devout Catholic and a mad papist Taught at the University of WittenbergTaught at the University of Wittenberg Excommunicated in 1521 at the Diet of WormsExcommunicated in 1521 at the Diet of Worms

6 Martin Luther First studied law at the University of Erfurt 1501First studied law at the University of Erfurt 1501 Became an Augustinian Monk 1505, he was a devout Catholic and a mad papistBecame an Augustinian Monk 1505, he was a devout Catholic and a mad papist Taught at the University of WittenbergTaught at the University of Wittenberg Excommunicated in 1521 at the Diet of WormsExcommunicated in 1521 at the Diet of Worms

7 The Ninety Five Thesis Oct 31, 1517 Posted on the door of the Castle ChurchPosted on the door of the Castle Church Disputed the unbridled selling of indulgencesDisputed the unbridled selling of indulgences Considered the beginning of the ReformationConsidered the beginning of the Reformation

8 When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, Repent (Mat 4:17), he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance.When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, Repent (Mat 4:17), he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance. This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy.This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy. Such as: Why does not the pope empty purgatory for the sake of holy love and the dire need of the souls that are there if redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial.Such as: Why does not the pope empty purgatory for the sake of holy love and the dire need of the souls that are there if redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial.

9 as soon as a coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs Doctrine developed by the early medieval scholastics.Doctrine developed by the early medieval scholastics. Gave remission for the temporal punishment of sin not the eternal.Gave remission for the temporal punishment of sin not the eternal. Became a source for Papal wealth, the Pope could issue for all Catholics, Bishops could issue for their diocese.Became a source for Papal wealth, the Pope could issue for all Catholics, Bishops could issue for their diocese.

10 The Diet of Worms 1521 Called by Charles V to decide whether to give Imperial Authority to the papal bull excommunicating LutherCalled by Charles V to decide whether to give Imperial Authority to the papal bull excommunicating Luther Attended by the Popes Legates, German Estates, archbishops, bishops, noblemen and peasantsAttended by the Popes Legates, German Estates, archbishops, bishops, noblemen and peasants …my conscience is bound in the word of God: I can not and will not recant anything,…Here I stand, I can do no other.…my conscience is bound in the word of God: I can not and will not recant anything,…Here I stand, I can do no other. After Luther had been released the Emperor withdrew his protection and endorsed the bull excommunicating Luther.After Luther had been released the Emperor withdrew his protection and endorsed the bull excommunicating Luther.

11 Huldrych Zwingli Leader of the Swiss ReformationLeader of the Swiss Reformation Pastor of the Gross Munster church in ZurichPastor of the Gross Munster church in Zurich Influenced by Luther and ErasmusInfluenced by Luther and Erasmus Met with Luther at the Castle MarburgMet with Luther at the Castle Marburg Persecuted the AnabaptistsPersecuted the Anabaptists Died in the Second War of KappelDied in the Second War of Kappel

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14 Hoc est corpus Meum

15 John Calvin Used income from two churches to pay for his educationUsed income from two churches to pay for his education Carried on the reformation after Zwingli diedCarried on the reformation after Zwingli died Wrote the Institutes of Christian ReligionWrote the Institutes of Christian Religion Oversaw the arrest and execution of Michael Servetus 1553Oversaw the arrest and execution of Michael Servetus 1553

16 An excerpt from Calvins commentary on the Psalms And first, since I was too obstinately devoted to the superstitions of popery to be easily extricated from so profound an abyss of mire, God by a sudden conversion subdued and brought my mind to a teachable frame, which was more burdened in such matters than might have been expected from one at my early period of life.

17 The Anabaptists The radicals or re-baptizers began with a radical movement within the reformationThe radicals or re-baptizers began with a radical movement within the reformation Denied infant baptism as true baptism, members were re-baptized after a confession of faithDenied infant baptism as true baptism, members were re-baptized after a confession of faith Were persecuted by Protestants and Catholics alikeWere persecuted by Protestants and Catholics alike Central figures: Felix Manz, Michael Sattler, Menno SimmonsCentral figures: Felix Manz, Michael Sattler, Menno Simmons

18 Ecclesia Semper Refermanda (the Church always reforming) The doctrine of justification by faith aloneThe doctrine of justification by faith alone The recovery of the GospelThe recovery of the Gospel The translation and distribution of the Bible among the common peopleThe translation and distribution of the Bible among the common people The priesthood of all believersThe priesthood of all believers The lordship of Christ over all lifeThe lordship of Christ over all life


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