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PROGRESSIVES IN CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT! 1904-1920 Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson.

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Presentation on theme: "PROGRESSIVES IN CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT! 1904-1920 Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson."— Presentation transcript:

1 PROGRESSIVES IN CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT! Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson

2 Teddy Roosevelt: The First Modern President Teddy takes the veil Teddy takes the veil Early career Early career Progressive Governor of New York Progressive Governor of New York Inherits the Presidency in 1900 Inherits the Presidency in 1900 Elected President in 1904 Elected President in 1904 Progressive Republican Platform Progressive Republican Platform Square Deal Square Deal Government Regulation of Corporations: Meat Inspection Act, Hepburn/Elkins Acts, Pure Food and Drug Act Government Regulation of Corporations: Meat Inspection Act, Hepburn/Elkins Acts, Pure Food and Drug Act Anthracite Coal Strike Anthracite Coal Strike Dept. of Commerce and Labor Dept. of Commerce and Labor Trust Busting: JP Morgan and Northern Securities Trust Busting: JP Morgan and Northern Securities Conservation: Newlands Reclamation Act, Public Parks Conservation: Newlands Reclamation Act, Public Parks Panic of 1907 Panic of 1907 Over extension of credit (gee, sounds like today), over production, mismanagement Over extension of credit (gee, sounds like today), over production, mismanagement Deal with JP Morgan and cronies Deal with JP Morgan and cronies Need for new central banking system? Need for new central banking system?

3 TRs Protégé: William Howard Taft, An even bigger Trust Buster An even bigger Trust Buster No distinction btw good or bad trusts No distinction btw good or bad trusts Rule of Reason Rule of Reason JP Morgan JP Morgan Bureau of Mines Bureau of Mines Conservation of resources Conservation of resources Mann-Elkins Mann-Elkins Telegraph, telephone, cable under ICC Telegraph, telephone, cable under ICC Postal Savings Bank System Postal Savings Bank System Public banking/savings system Public banking/savings system Payne-Aldrich Tariff, 1909 Payne-Aldrich Tariff, 1909 High Protective Tariff, 37% High Protective Tariff, 37% Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy Dept of Interior vs. Forestry Dept of Interior vs. Forestry Taft-Roosevelt Split, 1912 Taft-Roosevelt Split, 1912

4 Woodrow Wilson squeaks in…1912 New Freedom Program, Democrats New Freedom Program, Democrats Progressive Republicans and Socialists Progressive Republicans and Socialists Wilsons early career Wilsons early career First President from the seceded states! First President from the seceded states! Attacks the Triple Wall of Privilege Attacks the Triple Wall of Privilege Underwood Tariff Act, 1913 Underwood Tariff Act, 1913 Addressed Congress for 29% Addressed Congress for 29% 16 th Amendment 16 th Amendment Federal Reserve Act, 1913 Federal Reserve Act, 1913 Pujo Committee findings Pujo Committee findings 15 branches 15 branches Federal Trade Commission Act, 1914 Federal Trade Commission Act, 1914 Clayton Anti-Trust Act Clayton Anti-Trust Act cease and desist orders cease and desist orders

5 More Progressive Reforms under Wilson, Louis Brandeis Louis Brandeis Supreme Court Supreme Court Federal Highway Act Federal Highway Act Rural areas Rural areas Workingmens Compensation Act Workingmens Compensation Act Civil service employees Civil service employees Child Labor Act Child Labor Act Interstate commerce Interstate commerce Adamson Act Adamson Act 8 hours, interstate commerce 8 hours, interstate commerce Federal Farm Act Federal Farm Act Low interest loans for farmers Low interest loans for farmers Smith-Levee Act Smith-Levee Act State colleges State colleges

6 The Supreme Court during the Progressive Era – still conservative Lochner v. New York Lochner v. New York 10 hours for bakers…NOT 10 hours for bakers…NOT Adkins v. Childrens Hospital Adkins v. Childrens Hospital No minimum wage for women No minimum wage for women Schenck v. US Schenck v. US Oliver Wendell Holmes, clear and present danger Oliver Wendell Holmes, clear and present danger

7 Temperance and Womans Suffrage 18 th Amendment 18 th Amendment Volstead Act Volstead Act Bigger federal government Bigger federal government 19 th Amendment 19 th Amendment Split in womens movement Split in womens movement Radicals vs. Moderates Radicals vs. Moderates National American Woman Suffrage Assoc. (Catt) National American Woman Suffrage Assoc. (Catt) Downplayed as their right, less confrontational Downplayed as their right, less confrontational Alice Paul and the Congressional Union Alice Paul and the Congressional Union Congressional Union: Hunger strikes and protests Congressional Union: Hunger strikes and protests Jeannette Rankin Jeannette Rankin

8 African-Americans and the Progressive Era Demographic movement to the North Demographic movement to the North Result of The Great War Result of The Great War Chicago Race Riots Chicago Race Riots Ida B. Wells Ida B. Wells Anti Lynching Movement Anti Lynching Movement NAACP NAACP WEB DuBois WEB DuBois Niagara Movement, talented tenth Niagara Movement, talented tenth NAACP NAACP Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson Birth of a Nation, like writing history with lightening! Birth of a Nation, like writing history with lightening! Booker T. Washington Booker T. Washington Tuskegee Institute Tuskegee Institute


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