Presentation on theme: "PROGRESSIVES IN CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT!"— Presentation transcript:
1 PROGRESSIVES IN CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT! Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson
2 Teddy Roosevelt: The First Modern President Teddy “takes the veil”Early careerProgressive Governor of New YorkInherits the Presidency in 1900Elected President in 1904Progressive Republican PlatformSquare DealGovernment Regulation of Corporations: Meat Inspection Act, Hepburn/Elkins Acts, Pure Food and Drug ActAnthracite Coal StrikeDept. of Commerce and LaborTrust Busting: JP Morgan and Northern SecuritiesConservation: Newlands Reclamation Act, Public ParksPanic of 1907Over extension of credit (gee, sounds like today), over production, mismanagementDeal with JP Morgan and croniesNeed for new central banking system?
3 TR’s Protégé: William Howard Taft, 1908-1912 An even bigger Trust BusterNo distinction btw “good” or “bad” trustsRule of ReasonJP MorganBureau of MinesConservation of resourcesMann-ElkinsTelegraph, telephone, cable under ICCPostal Savings Bank SystemPublic banking/savings systemPayne-Aldrich Tariff, 1909High Protective Tariff, 37%Ballinger-Pinchot ControversyDept of Interior vs. ForestryTaft-Roosevelt Split, 1912
4 Woodrow Wilson squeaks in…1912 New Freedom Program, DemocratsProgressive Republicans and SocialistsWilson’s early careerFirst President from the seceded states!Attacks the “Triple Wall of Privilege”Underwood Tariff Act, 1913Addressed Congress for 29%16th AmendmentFederal Reserve Act, 1913Pujo Committee findings15 branchesFederal Trade Commission Act, 1914Clayton Anti-Trust Act“cease and desist” orders
5 More Progressive Reforms under Wilson, 1912-1920 Louis BrandeisSupreme CourtFederal Highway ActRural areasWorkingmen’s Compensation ActCivil service employeesChild Labor ActInterstate commerceAdamson Act8 hours, interstate commerceFederal Farm ActLow interest loans for farmersSmith-Levee ActState colleges
6 The Supreme Court during the Progressive Era – still conservative Lochner v. New York10 hours for bakers…NOTAdkins v. Children’s HospitalNo minimum wage for womenSchenck v. USOliver Wendell Holmes, “clear and present” danger
7 Temperance and Woman’s Suffrage 18th AmendmentVolstead ActBigger federal government19th AmendmentSplit in women’s movementRadicals vs. ModeratesNational American Woman Suffrage Assoc. (Catt)Downplayed as their “right”, less confrontationalAlice Paul and the Congressional UnionCongressional Union: Hunger strikes and protestsJeannette Rankin
8 African-Americans and the Progressive Era Demographic movement to the NorthResult of The Great WarChicago Race RiotsIda B. WellsAnti Lynching MovementNAACPWEB DuBoisNiagara Movement, “talented tenth”Woodrow WilsonBirth of a Nation, like writing history with “lightening!”Booker T. WashingtonTuskegee Institute
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