Presentation on theme: "Learning Target: I can work independently and collaboratively to summarize key ideas from the Age of Reason using the most effective diction possible."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Target: I can work independently and collaboratively to summarize key ideas from the Age of Reason using the most effective diction possible.
THE DARK KNIGHT: Wealthy man assaults the mentally ill
Read & reread your assigned textbook section and underline important lines in pen or pencil. Next, review what you have underlined and complete the following tasks: – Make a bullet point list of important terms, people, happenings, etc. – Write a one sentence summary of the entire section. Now, get together with two other people who have the same GROUP NUMBER as you. Combine/change your individual sentences to write a more detailed three-sentence SUMMARY of the entire section. – These sentences must produce a summary that makes sense and contains the most important ideas from the complete document. Choose a spokesperson to read your title and summary to the class.
1720s-1800s (aka Age of Reason, Enlightenment Era) Rationalism : human beings can arrive at truth by using reason rather than relying on authority of the past, religious faith, or intuition. Key figures: Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, Ben Franklin, & Patrick Henry Ideas motivated revolutionary thought. Why? Most literature: pamphlets, essays, & speeches
Benjamin Franklin: Inventive and curious Focused on self- improvement Thomas Jefferson: drive to improve Living conditions Forms of gov’t The individual mind
Thomas Paine: Wrote The Age of Reason Wrote Common Sense: Rational appeal for American independence
All humans are born with an innate ethical sense and are inherently good. God wants his creations to be happy. Thus, the best form of worship is to do good for others. (Service) God’s greatest gift to humanity is the gift of reason, or the ability to think logically. One can attain perfection through the use of reason or intellectual thought. Clockmaker theory: God created the universe and then let it “run” on its own, God does not intervene in the universe.
God makes it possible for ALL people at ALL times to discover natural laws through REASON (Didn’t believe in “the elect”) Stressed humanity’s goodness Believed individuals could improve selves through REASON & LOGIC
God reveals truth at particular times to particular chosen people. God is actively involved in our lives People = sinners Fate over free will Bible contains all truth God makes it possible for all people at all times to discover truth through God-given powers of reason. “Clockmaker theory” People = basically good Man can improve himself and achieve greatness. We should seek more truth
Is believing in aliens rational or irrational? – Rationalism: human beings can arrive at truth by using reason rather than relying on authority of the past, religious faith, or intuition.
Read an excerpt from Thomas Paine’s essay “The Age of Reason” and perform the following tasks: – Underline lines that seem important. – After reading the excerpt, highlight the most important line. – Summarize the argument in one sentence. – Determine if the argument is rational or irrational and write 1 sentence justifying why. Who wrote this? – “Founding Father” – Influential Rationalist thinker – Used logic to argue for American Independence
Reviewing Thomas Paine’s “Age of Reason” BACKGROUND INFO British prosecuted printers/booksellers that wanted to print his pamphlets Deistic revival Challenges legitimacy of the bible Demands end to religious persecution Took deism out of the hands of the aristocracy and brought it to the people Paine said, “My own Mind is my church” SUMMARY: Believed in the plurality of worlds. Christianity is limiting in that it focuses too much on the relationship between God and the Earth. There is a difference between believing in God and Christianity. RATIONAL or IRRATIONAL? Rational because he uses reason to support his ideas.
Learning Target I can identify new tropes (allusions and analogies) and new schemes( repetition, parallel structure, and rhetorical questions) in Patrick Henry’s Speech to the Virginia Convention
ALLUSION An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or a representation of, people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication.
ANALOGY Like relationships among 2 sets of terms. Does not claim the total identification, which is the property of a metaphor May look like a simile Tends to be oriented around similarities amongst the relationships ANALOGY= more scientific sounding (inductive) SIMILE=more artful EX: comparing a heart to a valve
Repetition Repetition of a sound, syllable, word, phrase, line, stanza may reinforce an idea or feeling within a text.
Parallelism In grammar, parallelism, also known as parallel structure, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. grammarclauses  Makes sentences easier to process. Lacking parallelism: She likes cooking, jogging, and to read. Parallel: She likes cooking, jogging, and reading. Parallel: She likes to cook, jog, and read.
Rhetorical Questions A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point. figure of speechquestion  The question, a rhetorical device, is posed not to elicit a specific answer, but rather to encourage the listener to consider a message or viewpointrhetorical device A common example is the question "Can't you do anything right?". This question, when posed, is intended not to ask about the listener's abilities, but rather to insinuate a lack of the listener's abilities.