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The Revolutionary War Period

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1 The Revolutionary War Period
The Age of Reason Authors: Benjamin Franklin ( ) Patrick Henry ( ) Thomas Jefferson ( ) Thomas Paine ( ) The Revolutionary War Period

2 Vocabulary for “Age of Reason”
Define and write an example: (use your textbook) Antithesis Rhetorical question Emotional appeal Logical appeal Repetition Parallelism (parallel structure) Aphorism

3 “I think, therefore I am.”
God’s special gift to humanity—the ability to think. The Enlightenment: Began in Europe (17th century) Emerged with modern science and the scientific method Influenced by Sir Isaac Newton’s view of universe Belief in unlimited possibilities when guided by reason Rationalism is the belief that we can arrive at truth by using our reason rather than relying on the authority of the past, on religious faith, or on intuition. Rene’ Descartes

4 Deism: The Beliefs The existence of deity
God made the universe orderly and good God governs the world with His Providence The most acceptable service of God is doing good to man Souls are immortal and good Crimes will be punished and virtue rewarded either here or hereafter God made it possible for all people at all times to discover natural laws through their faculty of reason. Sir Isaac Newton

5 Literature Content: Rooted in reality
Wrote about social, political, and scientific improvements Primarily non-fiction—pamphlets Intended to serve practical or political ends

6 Patrick Henry 1736-1799: Lawyer Age 29 involved in politics
Master orator Dramatic orator 1st great speech against Stamp Act Powerful Virginia politician Patrick Henry

7 Speech to the Virginia Convention
by Patrick Henry Audience: Virginia delegates Purpose: to gather support for a proposed resolution to approve the formation of a local militia Style: persuasive a call to action proof supporting speaker’s position and motives a heightened style

8 Virginia gentleman, politician, governor, Renaissance man
Classically educated Lawyer and writer 3rd President of United States of America Louisiana Purchase Died on 50th anniversary of the independence (7/4/1826) Wrote his own epitaph Thomas Jefferson Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom, and Father of the University of Virginia.

9 Declaration of Independence
by Thomas Jefferson Audience: King of Britain Style: a declaration Purpose: to declare independence 4 Parts of the Declaration: Preamble Declaration of rights List of Complaints Conclusion

10 The Autobiography Audience: son or those interested in improvement
by Benjamin Franklin Audience: son or those interested in improvement Style: personal narrative (unquestioned masterpiece of the American Age of Reason) Purpose: self-help book

11 Benjamin Franklin Classic American success story—a self-made man
Rags to Riches Printer, postmaster, almanac maker, essayist, chemist, orator, tinker, statesman, humorist, philosopher, parlor man, political economist, professor of housewifery, ambassador, projector, maxim-monger, herb-doctor, wit: Jack of all trades, master of each and mastered by none—the type and genius of the land, Franklin was everything but a poet. Benjamin Franklin By Herman Melville

12 Basics of an Argument

13 Step 1: A Claim, or clear statement of a position on an issue
Thesis statement

14 Step 2: Support for the claim, which consists of reasons and evidence

15 Step 3: Counterarguments, or statements that anticipate and refute opposing views

16 Step 4: Sound Logic and effective language

17 Conclusion: A conclusion that sums up the reasons or the call for action

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