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Before the Foundation of the World (Eternity Past), His Earthly Ministry and Passion (Incarnation) and His Resurrection! Can we adequately “define and.

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Presentation on theme: "Before the Foundation of the World (Eternity Past), His Earthly Ministry and Passion (Incarnation) and His Resurrection! Can we adequately “define and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Before the Foundation of the World (Eternity Past), His Earthly Ministry and Passion (Incarnation) and His Resurrection! Can we adequately “define and defend” the Person, Purpose and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ? Who is Jesus?

2 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study How is our APOLOGETICS (Systematic Defense) of the person, purpose and work of Jesus Christ? Is our view of the person and purpose of the Lord Jesus Christ inadequate (too narrow)? Is our understanding of His accomplished work on the cross insufficient (too limited)? Can we adequately define and defend the person, purpose and work of the Lord Jesus Christ? 2

3 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study So what’s the purpose of our Apologetics Bible Study? (1)Exalt (Bring Glory to) the person of Jesus Christ, and (2)Expand our knowledge and understanding of the Purpose and Passion (Cross-Work) of the Lord Jesus Christ (what did He fully accomplish on the Cross)! We want to broaden, deepen, enhance, enrich and expand our awareness of and appreciation for (awe, reverence, wonder) the Person, Purpose and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ (e.g. His incarnation, His ministry, His crucifixion, His death and His glorious resurrection! 3

4 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study QUESTION: Is the Lord Jesus just your Savior, the one who saved you from the “penalty of sin”? Is He just your Friend, your Comforter and your Shepherd? ABSOLUTELY TRUE… But, the Person, Purpose and Work [on the Cross] of the Lord Jesus Christ — the third person of the Triune Godhead — is so much, much more!!! 4

5 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study “Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision” But sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you… with gentleness and reverence. 1 Peter 3:15 AA – Accurately, Adequately BB – Biblically, Boldly CC – Confidently 5

6 Apologetics Bible Study 6

7 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study The ABSOLUTE STANDARD of ETERNAL, INFALLIBLE and UNSEARCHABLE TRUTH ! The entirety of Your word is truth, and every one of Your righteous judgments endures forever. Psalm 119:160 7

8 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study Scriptures for Contemplation Job 22:21 – Now acquaint thyself with [Yield to] Him (i.e. to know intimately ) and be at peace with Him. Please receive instruction from His mouth and establish His words in your heart. NKJV Jeremiah 33:3 – Call to Me and I will answer you, and show you (reveal) great and mighty things (inaccessible, unattainable) things that you do not know. 2 Timothy 2:15 – Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. diligent: The word denotes zealous persistence. To make every effort to do one’s best; To handle accurately, correctly, skillfully in the teaching the word of truth! 8

9 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study "Jesus" is a transliteration, occurring in a number of languages and based on the Latin Iesus, of the Greek Ιησους (Iēsoûs), or Hebrew-Aramaic ישוע (Yeshua ), (Joshua), meaning "the Lord God saves". "Christ" is His title derived from the Greek Χριστος (Christós), meaning the "Anointed One” (Messiah) a translation of the Hebrew-derived Mashiach. 9

10 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study G OD THE S ON 1 We teach that Jesus Christ, second person of the Trinity, possesses all the divine attributes and excellencies, and in these He is coequal and coeternal with God the Father (John 10:30; 14:9). We teach that God the Father created “the heavens and the earth and all that is in them” according to His own will, through His Son, Jesus Christ, by whom all things continue in existence and in operations (John 1:3; Col 1:15–17; Heb 1:2). 1 MacArthur, John (2006). The MacArthur Study Bible: New American Standard Bible. Thomas Nelson Publishers. 10

11 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study G OD THE S ON ( CON ’ T ) We teach that in the incarnation (i.e. God become man), Christ surrendered only the privileges of deity, but nothing of His divine essence, either in degree or kind. In His incarnation, the eternally existing second person of the Trinity accepted all the essential characteristics of humanity, and so became the God-man (Phil 2:5–8; Col 2:9). We teach that Jesus Christ represents humanity and deity in indivisible oneness (John 5:23; 14:9-10; Col 2:9). We teach that our Lord Jesus Christ accomplished our redemption through the shedding of His blood and His sacrificial death on the cross, and that His death was voluntary, vicarious, substitutionary, propitiatory and redemptive (John 10:15; Rom 3:24-25, 5:8; 1 Pet 2:24). 11

12 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study G OD THE S ON ( CON ’ T ) We teach that on the basis of the efficacy of the death of our Lord Jesus Christ, the believing sinner is freed from the punishment, the penalty, the power, and one day the very presence of sin; and that he is declared righteous, given eternal life, and adopted into the family of God (Rom 3:25; 5:8-9; 1 Pet 2:24; 3:18). We teach that our justification is made sure by His literal, physical resurrection from the dead and that He is now ascended to the right hand of the Father, where He now mediates as our Advocate and High-Priest (Matt 28:6; Luke 24:38, 39; Acts 2:30-31; Rom 4:25; 8:34; Heb 7:25; 9:24; 1 John 2:1). 12

13 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study G OD THE S ON ( CON ’ T ) We teach that in the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the grave, God confirmed the deity of His Son and gave proof that God has accepted the atoning work of Christ on the cross. Jesus’ bodily resurrection is also the guarantee of a future resurrection life for all believers (John 5:26–29; 14:19; Rom 4:25; 6:5–10; 1 Cor 15:20, 23). We teach that Jesus Christ will return to receive the church, which is His body, unto Himself at the Rapture and, returning with His church in glory, will establish His millennial kingdom on earth (Acts 1:9–11; 1 Thess 4:13–18; Rev 20). 13

14 Who is Jesus? Attributes of the Lord Jesus Christ Supremacy Faithfulness Immutability Patience Mercy Grace Love Sovereignty Righteousness Holiness Justice Wrath Omnipotent Omniscience Omnipresence 14

15 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study 15 Hebrews 3:1-3 – Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession; 2 He was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was in all His house. 3 For He has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, by just so much as the builder of the house has more honor than the house. Hebrews 9:15 – He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. How can we know the Attributes, Character and Person of Jesus Christ? Examine His Biblical Names and Titles!

16 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study 16 Hebrews 2:17 Therefore, He had [Literally, was obligated ] to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 1 John 2:2 …we have an Advocate 1 with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and He Himself is the propitiation [or satisfaction] for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world [without distinction]. 1 Greek, Paracletos, one called alongside to help; Substitutionary Intercessor. His Biblical Names and Titles! (con’t)

17 Who is Jesus? Biblical Names & Titles for Jesus Christ Advocate with the Father… I John 2:1 Alpha and Omega… Revelation 1:8, 1:11, 21:6, 22:13 Apostle and High Priest… Hebrews 3:1 Author and Perfecter of our Faith… Hebrews 12:2 Author of Eternal Salvation… Hebrews 5:9 Bread, True (Living)… John 6:32, 6:51 Bread of Life… John 6:35, 6:48 Chief Shepherd… I Peter 5:4 Door of the Sheep… John 10:7 Express Image of His Person… Hebrews 1:3 Faithful and True (Witness)… Revelation 19:11 (3:14) Finisher of Our Faith… Hebrews 12:2 Great High Priest… Hebrews 4:14 Great Shepherd of the Sheep… Hebrews 13:20 Hope of Glory… Colossians 1:27 17

18 Who is Jesus? Biblical Names & Titles for Jesus Christ I Am… Exodus 3:14; John 8:58; Revelation 1:18 Indescribable Gift… II Corinthians 9:15 Image of God… II Corinthians 4:4 Image of the Invisible God… Colossians 1:15 Judge of all the Earth… Genesis 18:25 King Eternal, Immortal, Invisible… I Timothy 1:17 King of Righteousness… Hebrews 7:2 Lamb of God… John 1:29, 1:36 Lawgiver, One (Our)… Isaiah 33:22, James 4:12 Life, The… John 1:4, 11:25, 14:6; I John 1:2 Light, True… John 1:9, I John 2:8 Light, The… John 1:7, 3:19-21, 12:35-36; I John 2:9-10 Living Bread… John 6:51 Living Stone… I Peter 2:4 Living Water… John 4:10-11 18

19 Who is Jesus? Biblical Names & Titles for Jesus Christ Mediator, One (The)… I Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 8:6 Mediator of the New Covenant… Hebrews 9:15, 12:24 Our Passover… I Corinthians 5:7 Propitiation of Our Sins… I John 2:2, 4:10 Resurrection and the Life… John 11:25 Righteous Judge… II Timothy 4:8 Shepherd, Chief… I Peter 5:4 Shepherd, Great (of the Sheep)… Hebrews 13:20 Shepherd and Guardian of your Soul… I Peter 2:25 True God and Eternal Life… I John 5:20 Way, The… John 14:6 Wisdom of God… I Corinthians 1:24 Word of God… Revelation 19:13 Word of Life… Philippians 2:16; I John 1:1 Word, The… John 1:1, 1:14; I John 5:7 19

20  John 6:35 – Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; …  John 6:48 – “I am the bread of life.”  John 6:51 – “I am the living bread that came down …  John 8:12 – Then Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world  John 9:5 – “While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”  John 10:7 – “Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.  John 10:9 – “I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, …  John 10:11 – “I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for His sheep …  John 10:14 – “I am the good shepherd, and I know My own … 20 Who is Jesus? The Lord Jesus Christ said, I AM…

21  John 10:36 – I said, ‘I am the Son of God’?  John 14:6 – Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life …  John 15:1 – “I am the true vine, and My Father is …  John 15:5 – “I am the vine, you are the branches; he …  1 Pet 1:16 – …is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”  Rev 1:8 – “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says …  Rev 1:17 – “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, …  Rev 1:18 – I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, …  Rev 21:6 – “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the …  Rev 22:13 – “I am the Alpha and the Omega, … 21

22 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study Questions… which require sincere contemplation and Scriptural confirmation (grounding): What did the Lord Jesus Christ accomplish by His death on the cross? For whom (past, present and future) did the Lord Jesus Christ… make sacrificial and substitutionary atonement shed His innocent, perfect and pure blood appease and satisfy the righteous wrath of the Lord God willingly suffer the humiliation, pain and shame, then willingly give-up His own sovereign life on the cross? 22

23 The Cross-Work (Passion) of Christ Does this represent all that the Lord Jesus Christ accomplish by His death on the Cross? 23

24 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study Atonement (Substitutionary Sacrifice) – Justification – is a right legal standing before God; a pardon from the guilt and penalty of sin Redemption – purchased from the “slave market” …the bondage and penalty of sin Righteousness (Imputed Righteousness) – Perfected Justification Propitiation (Satisfaction) – the “propitiatory sacrifice” required to satisfy the just demands and righteous wrath of God Expiation (Expiate) – (ex pee ay' shuhn) to appease God’s wrath 24 The “cross-work” (Passion) of Christ… What did Christ accomplish by His death on the Cross?

25 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study The SIN of God’s elect (past, present, future) must be paid in full for our Redemption and a perfect substitutionary sacrifice was required for our Atonement. ** Jesus Christ is our PARDON! AND, God’s elect (past, present, future) must be clothed with the “imputed righteousness” of Christ (Justification), before we are made acceptable to an absolutely righteous, thrice- holy God. God’s justice and “righteous wrath” must be appeased (expiation) and satisfied (propitiation)! ** Jesus Christ is our PERFECTION! 25

26 The Cross-Work (Passion) of Christ What the Lord Jesus accomplish by His death on the Cross! 26

27 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study God the Father had to impose His righteous wrath on SIN, and God the Son had to endure (i.e. suffer and satisfy) the justice and righteous wrath of God for the “penalty and punishment” of whose SIN? Therefore, one of the following statements must be TRUE! The Lord Jesus Christ suffered and died for… 1. Some of the sins of all men, without exception? 2. Some of the sins of some men, without distinction? 3. All the sins of all men, without exception? 4. All the sins of some men, without distinction? 27

28 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study Matthew 22:14 - For many are called [i.e. heard the message, the outward call], but few are chosen [elected, received the inward call]. Luke 18:6-7 - And the Lord said, Hear what the unrighteous judge said; 7 now, will not God bring about justice for His elect who cry to Him day and night, and will He delay long over them? Mark 13:26-27 - Then they will see THE S ON OF M AN COMING IN CLOUDS with great power and glory. 27 And then He will send forth the angels, and will gather together His elect from the four winds, from the farthest end of the earth to the farthest end of heaven. John 15:16-17 - You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you. Acts 13:48-49 - When the Gentiles heard this, they began rejoicing and glorifying the word of the Lord; and as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed. 49 And the word of the Lord was being spread through the whole region. 28

29 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study John 17:1b-2 (6-10, 22-24) High Priestly Prayer of Jesus He said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You, 2 even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life. Romans 8:28-30 - And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose [Rom 8:30; 9:24; 11:29; Gal 1:6, 15; 5:8; Eph 1:11; 3:11; 2 Thess 2:14; Heb 9:15; 1 Pet 2:9; 3:9]. 29 For those whom He foreknew [Rom 11:2; 1 Cor 8:3; 2 Tim 1:9; 1 Pet 1:2, 20], He also predestined [Rom 9:23; 1 Cor 2:7; Eph 1:5, 11] to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; 30 and these whom He predestined, [Rom 9:23; 11:29; 1 Cor 2:7; Eph 1:5, 11] He also called [Rom 8:28; 9:24; 1 Cor 1:9; Gal 1:6, 15; 5:8; Eph 1:11; 3:11; 2 Thess 2:14; Heb 9:15; 1 Pet 2:9; 3:9]; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified. 29

30 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study Ephesians 1:3-6 - Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love. 5 He predestined [Literally, having predestined] us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention [good pleasure] of His will, 6 to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved [Christ Jesus]. 2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 - But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation, through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. 14 It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Peter 1:1-2 - Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who reside as aliens…, who are chosen 2 according to the foreknowledge (foreordained intimate love of God with the objects of His saving power) of God [Rom 11:2; 1 Cor 8:3; 2 Tim 1:9; 1 Pet 1:2, 20] the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure. 30

31 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study II Timothy 1:9 - …according to the power of God, 9 who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began…, 1 Peter 2:9-10 - But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God’s OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; 10 for you once were NOT A PEOPLE, but now you are THE PEOPLE OF G OD ; you had NOT RECEIVED MERCY, but now you have RECEIVED MERCY. Revelation 17:14 - These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful. 31

32 Who is Jesus? Apologetics Bible Study Doxology of Jude to the “Glory to God” 24 Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, 25 to God our Savior, who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and forever. Amen! NKJV 24 Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, 25 to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen. NASB 32


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