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Case Study (MEDC) Cancun, Mexico

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Presentation on theme: "Case Study (MEDC) Cancun, Mexico"— Presentation transcript:

1 Case Study (MEDC) Cancun, Mexico

2 Where is Cancun?

3 How Cancun developed… In 1967, Cancun’s history was changed forever when a computer search chose it as the ideal spot for a Mexican beach resort. Before the Mexican government decided to transform a strip of sand inhabited by about hundreds of birds, iguanas and a handful of Mayan fishermen into a major tourist resort, Cancun was a peaceful, isolated paradise.

4 How Cancun developed… Construction began in 1974 and the current city of Cancun rose out of the sand and jungle as a city with no past, populated by people who were born someplace else. By the mid-1980’s Cancun had become one of the most popular tourist destinations. A mere 25 years old, it has mushroomed into a vibrant city with ,000 inhabitants and million visitors per year, including million foreign tourists.

5 Tourist Zone A narrow island 14 miles long, is the area of Cancun where it all comes together for most visitors. In the tourist area one is never very far from the water so naturally much of your time is going to be spent in, on, or very close to the water. Restaurants and nightclubs in the tourist zone, of which there are many, come in endless varieties with something that is just right for everyone .

6 Cancun Cancun is a classic example of mass tourism.
In other words, a huge number of jobs have been created by the massive number of tourists arriving on a relatively cheap package holiday.

7 Mass Tourism definition
Mass tourism is a form of tourism that involves tens of thousands of people going to the same resort often at the same time of year.  It is the most popular form of tourism as it is often the cheapest way to holiday, and is often sold as a package deal.

8 Problems with Mass Tourism

9 Task One In pairs, complete the following:
Make a list of the factors which make Cancun such a popular resort. Make a list of jobs that have been created by tourism: Directly (people employed to provide a service to tourists) Indirectly (an existing job that benefits from tourism)

10 Task Two Read through pages 68 and 69 in the textbook.
Answer questions 1, 2a, 2b (on sheet), 3a and 3b. REMEMBER – write in full sentences – your revision will be useless if it doesn’t make sense!

11 How has Cancun changed?

12 What are the disadvantages of tourism in Cancun?

13 Task Three Read through the information sheet. Answer the question:
Why can’t Emilio use the beach in Cancun?

14 Social costs of tourism in Cancun
In Cancun the hotel zone is separate from the local community – a design known as tourist enclave. Tourists stay in luxury, air conditioned hotels, whilst the workers travel over a hour away to Puerto Juarez, where they live in shanty housing.

15 Social costs of tourism in Cancun
Local people aren’t even allowed on the beaches. The beaches are owned by the state, and controlled by the hotels. They keep local people away to prevent tourists from being hassled by vendors who try to sell food, drinks and other services.

16 Working conditions in Cancun
Working conditions in the tourism industry in Cancun are poor. Many earn only $5 for working a hour day. Many workers in hotels are only offered short, temporary contracts. This means that workers can be laid off at the end of a 1-3 month contract if the seasonal pattern of visitors means there is insufficient work.

17 Contrast in wealth Contrast in wealth can create conflict and frustration. Local teenagers grow up expecting to enjoy similar consumer goods to those they see being enjoyed by tourists - but they can’t always afford them. Shops sell imported foods, drinks and clothing but these are often more expensive than local products and are too expensive to buy.

18 Task Four Read through the information on pages 78 and 79.
Answer questions, 1a,b,c, 2a,b,c and 3a,b,c REMEMBER – write in full sentences – your revision will be useless if it doesn’t make sense!

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