2 Governance in Singapore SIOs: At the end of the lesson, you should be able to:Understand the government structure of Singapore.Explain the functions of Singapore government.Explain the guiding principles of Singapore government.Explain how good governance can be continued into the future.
3 Governance in Singapore The Structure of Singapore Government
4 Governance in Singapore What is the system of government in Singapore?Parliamentary democracyModel after Westminster government systemGovernment chosen by the people in an electionHeld once in every 5 yearsCandidate with the majority votes will be elected into the parliamentThe leader of the political party with the most number of elected members of parliament will become the Prime MinisterPM will select from elected MPs to form the cabinet
5 Governance in Singapore The functions / role of governmentManaging resources of a countryMeet the needs of the countryPerform specific functionsInvolving people
6 Governance in Singapore The functions of the government:The government decides on POLICIESto overcome CONSTRAINTS & VULNERABILITIESSo as to achievePEACE & PROSPERITY
7 Governance in Singapore Definition: GOVERNANCEThe way a government manages resources of a country so as to achieve economic and social development.What are the ways to ensure good governance? The 4 ‘A’sAbility to make sound policiesAbility to implement policies effectivelyAbility to deliver promisesAbility to gain citizens’ support
8 Governance in Singapore What are the guiding principles of governance in Singapore? LARALeadership is KeyAnticipate Change and Stay RelevantReward for Work and Work for RewardA Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All
9 Governance in Singapore Leadership is KeyLeaders to do what is right rather than what is popular = PRAGMATISMIf government does only what is popular (what people want), they may not have the resources to deal with all the constraints and vulnerabilitiesPragmatism requires courage as it is doing what majority of the people wouldn’t like becoming less populare.g. Electronic Road Pricing (ERP)Pay-as-you-use schemeGreater equity for motoristsHonesty is also equally importantMake fair distribution of the resources needed for the country to progressCPIB = Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau
11 Leadership is Key Ways to manage traffic flow in Singapore Land Shortage constraintSingapore cannot have too many vehicles on the roadWill lead to traffic jams leads to loss of man hours lowering of profits for investors Singapore becoming less popular for foreign investorsFrequent road jams will mean that the transport flow of goods will not be smooth. It’ll take the producers/investors longer period of time to see profit returns source for countries where traffic is smoothMethods:Area Licensing Scheme (ALS) – 1975Electronic Road Pricing – 1998Vehicle Quota System - Certificate of Entitlement (COE)Park and Ride Scheme
13 Structured-Essay Question (SEQ) ‘The Vehicle Quota System (VQS) is the most important measure in keeping traffic flow smooth in Singapore’. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [12m]
14 Governance in Singapore Choy Hon Tim : the largest total bribe amount in CPIB's history Choy Hon Tim, the former Director of the Electricity Department as well as the Deputy Chief Executive (Operations) of the Public Utilities Board (PUB) may not be the most senior public officer investigated by the Bureau, but his case involved the largest amount of bribes uncovered. He was investigated in 1995 following allegations that he had received kickbacks in return for awarding contracts to suppliers and contractors of PUB when he was a Chief Electrical Engineer of PUB. Choy was subsequently charged for obtaining gratifications totalling $13.85 million. He was convicted and sentenced to 14 years' jail term and the $13.85 million bribe obtained by him was forfeited to the State.
15 Governance in Singapore Anticipate change and Stay RelevantForward-lookingBe able to foresee the developments in the future based on current trends and developmentsTake active steps/measures to cope with future developmentsE.g. NEWaterGovernment prepares for alternative sources of water in anticipation of the expiration of our water contracts with Malaysia in 2011 & 2061.Increases our level of self-reliance and lowers dependence on other countries.Government prepares our people psychologically to accept the NEWaterAware of the skepticism of Singaporeans over the quality of itE.g. Desalination PlantsToo costly
16 Q: Why does the reporter write about the NEWater in this way Q: Why does the reporter write about the NEWater in this way? Explain your answerQ: Can you believe the source in what it says about NEWater? Explain your answer.
17 Governance in Singapore Reward for Work and Work for RewardMeritocracy for the best use of talentStress on self-reliance and not welfareA system which encourage people to work hard as they will be given recognition and rewardsPromotion based on hard work in civil serviceEdusave award given based on good academic resultsA fair system that is based on equalityEveryone has an equal chance to succeed.Progress Package in Singapore / Economic Restructuring Shares (ERS)In this way, the people know that success is highly dependent on their own effort and the government is fair to all. Hence, everyone will strive to work hard which will lead to improved productivity for the country
18 Governance in Singapore A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for AllGiving everyone a role to play in the society – decision-making e.g. Building of Integrated ResortsGiving opportunities for all to realise full potentialThis is achieved through:Making Singapore a global city and a choice homePromote collective responsibilityBeyond physical stakesPreserve core values and identityThe citizens will feel a sense of responsibility that they have to contribute due to collective responsibility