Presentation on theme: "Do Now In a presidential system of government, how is a president chosen? A. By a decision of the national courts B. By a majority vote of the legislature."— Presentation transcript:
1Do NowIn a presidential system of government, how is a president chosen?A. By a decision of the national courtsB. By a majority vote of the legislatureC. In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislatureD. By the political party with the most representatives in the legislature
3GPS and E.Q.SS7CG6a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.How do government systems distribute power?
4Vocabulary Unitary: central government has all the power Monarchy: rule by a king/queen or emperorConstitutional Monarchy: king/queen/emperor’s power is limited by a set of laws in the constitutionCommunist government: the government controls everythingDictatorship: 1 person takes power, usually by force, and controls everything
5Vocabulary Autocracy: rule by 1 Oligarchy: rule by the few Democracy: rule by the peopleLegislature: law making groupBicameral: 2 houses (the legislature is divided into 2 groups)Parliamentary: people vote for members of this legislature; largest political group’s leader becomes the prime minister
6Unitary The central government holds all or nearly all of the power. Local governments such as state or county systems may hold some power at certain times.But they are basically under the control of the central government.The central government has the power to change local governments or abolish (get rid of) them.
7Unitary: ExamplesA monarchy (rule by king, queen, or emperor) is an example of a unitary government.A communist government or dictatorship is an example of a unitary government.SE Asia Countries:Communist: The People’s Republic of China (China)Communist: The Socialist Republic of VietnamCommunist state 1 man dictatorship: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea)Parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy: Japan
8JapanConstitutional monarchy: powers of the ruler are limited by the constitution or laws of the nationEmperor of Japan is head of state – symbolic (no real political power)Power is held by the bicameral legislature, called the Diet, elected by the Japanese people
10ConfederationLocal governments hold all the power – central government depends on local governments for its existence.Examples:United Nations – can only offer advice/assistance when the members agreeAssociation of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN – member countries cooperate on economic matters, cultural exchanges, and help keep peace in the area.
11FederalPower is shared or divided among different levels of government. Local governments have some powers that central government does not have, and vice-versa.Example: India – has a bicameral parliamentary legislature called The Indian National Congress.Its majority political party chooses the prime minister.Local villages have some power.
12CRCT Test Prep pages1. In a unitary government system, most of the power is in the hands of theA. individual votersB. local governmentsC. central governmentD. central and local governmentsC. Central government
13CRCT Test Prep pages2. In a confederation government system, most of the power is in the hands of theA. individual votersB. local governmentsC. central governmentD. central and local governmentsB. Local governments
14CRCT Test Prep pages3. Which organization could be considered an example of a confederation form of government?A. the Diet of JapanB. the Indian National CongressC. the Association of Southeast Asian NationsD. the Assembly of the People’s Republic of China
15CRCT Test Prep pages4. How is government power handled in a federal form of government?A. the king makes most of the important decisions.B. Power is shared among different levels of government.C. A central committee makes all of the political decisions.D. The local government has more power than the national government.
17GPS and E.Q.SS7CG6b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.E.Q.: How do governments determine citizen participation?
18AutocracyThe ruler has absolute power to do whatever he/she wants and enforce any laws he/she chooses.Citizens have NO rights to choose leaders or vote (they might vote, but there are no choices).Some autocratic leaders may allow citizens rights in certain areas, but the leader maintains control over all important areas.
19Autocracy: ExampleNorth Korea – Kim Jong Un is the chief of state. He rules DPRK as an autocratic dictator.
20OligarchyA political party or other small group takes over a government and makes all the major decisions.Citizens have NO rights to choose leaders or vote (they might vote, but there are no choices).Similar to autocracy in leadership style and lack of citizen rights
21Oligarchy: ExampleThe People’s Republic of China is called an oligarchy, because the leaders and powerful families in China control much of what goes on in the country.
22DemocracyCitizens play a role in deciding who the rulers are and what decisions are made.Decisions are often made by majority vote, but laws protect individuals’ rights.Citizens have the power to ask the government for help if their rights are violated.
24CRCT Test Prep pagesWho makes most of the important governmental decisions in an autocracy?The rulerThe peopleThe court systemThe elected legislatureA. The ruler
25CRCT Test Prep pages6. Which Southern and Eastern Asian country could be described as an autocracy?IndiaJapanSouth KoreaNorth KoreaD. North Korea
26CRCT Test Prep pages7. Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an oligarchy?The kingThe peopleThe legislatureSmall group of powerful leadersD. Small group of powerful leaders
27CRCT Test Prep pages8. Which Southern or Eastern Asian country could be described as an oligarchy?IndiaJapanChinaSouth KoreaD. China
28CRCT Test Prep pages9. Why do the individual voters have more power in a democracy than they do in an autocracy or an oligarchy?Kings are always poor rulers.The voters get to choose the people who make the laws.All of the power stays in the hands of the local governments.The voters in democratic countries always choose qualified leaders.B. The voters get to choose the people who make the laws.
29CRCT Test Prep pages10. Which Southeastern or Eastern Asian countries have democratic systems of government?India and JapanChina and VietnamChina and South KoreaNorth Korea and ChinaA. India and Japan
31GPS and E.Q.GPS: SS7CG6c.: Describe the 2 predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.E.Q.: How do parliamentary and presidential democracies compare?
32Parliamentary Democracy Citizens vote for representatives who share their political views.The Parliament is made up of these representatives.Parliament makes and carries out (enforces) the laws for the country.The country’s leader is usually chosen by the political party with the most representatives in the legislature.Citizens DO NOT elect the leader.The leader is often called a prime minister or premier
33Parliamentary Democracy The prime minister is head of governmentHe/she may be voted out of office by the Parliament before the term is up if he/she loses power.He/she may also dissolve Parliament.Examples:IndiaJapan
34Presidential Democracy Also called “Congressional Form of Government”Citizens vote for members of the legislature (congress) AND for the leader, or president.Congress makes the laws.The President enforces the laws.The president is head of government and head of state who serves for a certain term.Congress can’t remove the president (unless he breaks a law). The president can’t remove congress.Example: South Korea
35Differences President Is in a separate branch (called “executive”) of government from legislatureEnforces the laws Congress makesElected by citizensPrime MinisterIs part of legislature (Parliament)As part of Parliament, he makes and enforces lawsSelected by Parliament
36CRCT Test Prep pagesWhich branch of government is responsible for making and carrying out the laws in a parliamentary system of government?CourtsMonarchPresidentLegislatureD. legislature
37CRCT Test Prep pages12. The leader of a parliamentary system is often called thekingpresidentPrime ministerConstitutional monarchC. Prime minister
38CRCT Test Prep pages13. The leader of a parliamentary system is chosen byThe monarch or king.A popular vote of the people.A decision by the national courts.The political party with the most representatives in the legislature.D. The political party with the most representatives in the legislature.
39CRCT Test Prep pages14. Which branch of government makes the laws in a presidential system of government?presidentlegislatureNational courtsBoth the president and the legislature togetherB. legislature
40CRCT Test Prep pages15. In a presidential system of government, a president is chosenBy a decision of the national courts.By a majority vote of the legislature.In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature.By the political party with the most representatives in the legislature.C. In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature.
41CRCT Test Prep pages16. What is the role of the president regarding the laws passed by the legislature?The president is supposed to enforce those laws.The president can change the laws he doesn’t like.The president sends the laws to the states for approval.The president does not need to approve laws passed by the legislature.A. The president is supposed to enforce those laws.
42CRCT Test Prep pages17. What is one main difference between a president and a prime minister?A prime minister has more power than a president.A president has to be elected, while a prime minister does not.A prime minister does not have to belong to a particular political party, while a president always does.A president is in a separate branch of government while a prime minister is part of the legislature.D. A president is in a separate branch of government while a prime minister is part of the legislature.
43Draw the chart on CRCT Test Prep page 161 Draw the chart on CRCT Test Prep page 161. Use it to answer the next 2 questions.18. What is the purpose of the chart?A. to explain the role of the emperor in Japanese governmentB. to explain how power is divided in the government of JapanC. to show that the prime minister controls all parts of governmentD. to show that the three branches of government are not equally powerful
4419. Which part of the government leads the legislative branch? A. the DietB. the courtsC. the cabinetsD. the emperor