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DIATONIC CHORDS IN MAJOR AND MINOR KEYS Chapter 4.

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Presentation on theme: "DIATONIC CHORDS IN MAJOR AND MINOR KEYS Chapter 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 DIATONIC CHORDS IN MAJOR AND MINOR KEYS Chapter 4

2 Tonal Music Major Triad Minor Triad Diminished Triad Augmented Triad Major Seven Minor Seven Major Minor Seven Half Diminished Seven Fully Diminished Seven  Tonal Music is a system of music where hierarchical pitch relationships are based on a center pitch called a tonic.  Hierarchy A system where objects are placed at levels above or below other objects.

3 Musical Hierarchy The importance of TONIC Listen: Her Majesty by the Beatles

4 Chords in Tonal Music  Chords made up only from the notes of the scale  i.e. All Diatonic Chords in the key of C major would ONLY have white keys  Chords that may use notes not from the scale. Diatonic ChordsAltered Chords / Chromatic Chords

5 Before we compose with these chords, we are going to learn how to recognize them.

6 Return to scales for a moment….  Harmonic  Natural  Melodic  Yo the major scale Minor ScaleMajor Scale

7 A unified minor scale

8 How composers use the various forms… D natural minor – D E F G A Bb C D harmonic -- D E F G A Bb C# D melodic -- D E F G A B C# D

9 When to use raised/lowered 6 and 7  More natural to raise 6 and 7 going up (ascending)  A single raised 7 indicates a return to the tonic (usually)  More natural to lower 6 and 7 going down (descending) RaisedLowered Let’s look at an example…..

10 Mozart Phantasie No. 2 and No. 3No. 2 No. 3 First look at No. 2  What is the key signature?  What major key would this be?  What minor key would this be?  Are there any accidentals?  How we know its minor….  Accidentals  Starting and ending harmonies


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