Presentation on theme: "DIATONIC CHORDS IN MAJOR AND MINOR KEYS Chapter 4."— Presentation transcript:
DIATONIC CHORDS IN MAJOR AND MINOR KEYS Chapter 4
Tonal Music Major Triad Minor Triad Diminished Triad Augmented Triad Major Seven Minor Seven Major Minor Seven Half Diminished Seven Fully Diminished Seven Tonal Music is a system of music where hierarchical pitch relationships are based on a center pitch called a tonic. Hierarchy A system where objects are placed at levels above or below other objects.
Musical Hierarchy The importance of TONIC Listen: Her Majesty by the Beatles
Chords in Tonal Music Chords made up only from the notes of the scale i.e. All Diatonic Chords in the key of C major would ONLY have white keys Chords that may use notes not from the scale. Diatonic ChordsAltered Chords / Chromatic Chords
Before we compose with these chords, we are going to learn how to recognize them.
Return to scales for a moment…. Harmonic Natural Melodic Yo the major scale Minor ScaleMajor Scale
A unified minor scale
How composers use the various forms… D natural minor – D E F G A Bb C D harmonic -- D E F G A Bb C# D melodic -- D E F G A B C# D
When to use raised/lowered 6 and 7 More natural to raise 6 and 7 going up (ascending) A single raised 7 indicates a return to the tonic (usually) More natural to lower 6 and 7 going down (descending) RaisedLowered Let’s look at an example…..
Mozart Phantasie No. 2 and No. 3No. 2 No. 3 First look at No. 2 What is the key signature? What major key would this be? What minor key would this be? Are there any accidentals? How we know its minor…. Accidentals Starting and ending harmonies