3What are ?Tall TalesTall tales are stories of exaggeration, where the truth is stretched.Tall tales were first told on the American frontier many years ago. By telling stories of characters who could triumph over challenges, the pioneers and settlers could feel stronger themselves.Tall tales combine ordinary and exaggerated events and characters.
4What are ?Tall TalesTall tale heroes and heroines could accomplish amazing things.The humor of tall tales helped people learn to laugh in spite of hardship.Tall tales are often based on fact, but the facts are exaggerated.Use of imagination is very important in tall tales.Lightning played a big part in many tall tales,folk tales, and myths. One tale relates how avery brave man rode a lightning bolt and tamedit.
5Draw this chart in your Reading Notebook… Ordinary Part of StoryExaggerated Part of Story
6"John Henry" by Julius Lester Listen as I read aloud..."John Henry" by Julius LesterTry to “see” the exaggerated part in your mind’s eye.As I read aloud, use your chart to jot down notes identifying the “ordinary” and “exaggerated” parts of the tale.
7Let’s Predict… Examine the cover of the book and the title. Who will be the hero of this tall tale?What will the setting (time & place) be?Now you’re ready to read John Henry’s tale…What do you think this story will be about?What exaggerated event might we see in the story?
8Examples of exaggerated descriptive language from Exaggerated LanguageExamples of exaggerateddescriptive language from"John Henry"
9New Vocabulary Fateful – bringing disaster Tragedy – a sad or terrible eventGadgets – small machines or other toolsBellowing – loud, deep roaringSofthearted – gentle and kindRation – the daily allowance of food for a person or animal
13Fact & OpinionA fact gives information that can be proved true or false.Example: “Paul Bunyan” is a tall tale.An opinion expresses a thought or feeling that cannot be proved true or false. Words that signal an opinion include: I think, I believe, probably, and adjectives such as best or worst.Example: “Paul Bunyan” is the best tall tale.
14Can you spot the facts? Opinions? Tip The story of Paul Bunyan is an American tall tale. The main character is a logger named Paul who meets an enormous ox named Babe. Babe and Paul have many adventures. People have been telling this story for many years. I think it is the greatest tall tale of them all. To me, it is certainly the funniest.TipKnowing the difference between a fact and opinion helps readers figure out whether at statement is true and can be proved, or if it is what the author or speaker feels.
15silently to yourself. Be Vocabulary ActivityOpen your books to page 668.Read "Vocabulary Power"silently to yourself. Beprepared to answerquestions about whatyou've read!
16Vocabulary PowerWhich do you think would be louder, bellowing or yelling? Explain.Which word means the opposite of mean?What kinds of gadgets might you find in a kitchen?Would a fateful day bring you joy or tragedy?If you increased your pet’s daily ration of food, would it get bigger or smaller? Explain.
17Listen as I read aloud…"Paul Bunyan"by: Arthur S. Bourinot
18Comprehension Questions What is this poem about?What do the words “and his laugh rolled through the mountains like thunder on a summer night” suggest?Are the images in this poem realistic or unrealistic? Explain.Would you prefer to listen to a poem about Paul Bunyan or a tall tale about his adventures? Explain.
19Paul Bunyan is a mythical lumberjack who had many adventures. What do you know about him?Paul Bunyan
20Building Background What was Paul Bunyan like? Where did Paul Bunyan live?What kinds of adventures did Paul Bunyan have?
22“Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox” is an example of a TALL TALEA tall tale is a humorous story about impossible or exaggerated happenings.Look for events that could not happen in real life & exaggerations about the strength and abilities of a hero.
23Be prepared to answer questions Listen to pages on cd.Be prepared to answer questionsabout what we've read.
33Author's CraftAuthor’s craft is what an author does to make their writing more interesting.This includes use of:Figurative language (ex. metaphor, simile, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, etc.)Sentence varietyDialogueAnd many more things…
34In the story we’re reading… the author uses exaggeration to make the tale more interesting.were it not for the hyperbole (exaggeration) in the tall tale, it would be a normal, boring story.think about what the story would be like without exaggeration…
35Focus Skill: Fact & Opinion A fact is a statement that can be proved.An opinion expresses someone’s thoughts or feelings.In imaginative literature, such as stories, myths, folk tales, and tall tales, facts are statements that tell what has happened in the story and can be proved. They do not have to be true in real life. An opinion is what a character thinks or believes.
36Look at these examples of fact and opinion from “Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox.” Paul kept on feeding Babe, and pretty soon the animal was up to full size, measuring forty-two ax handles between the eyes.This statement is a fact because in the story, it cold be proved by measuring Babe.OpinionWhen Paul sits down and looks at the Dakotas, he says, “I think maybe we shoulda stopped a while back.”This is Paul’s opinion because it’s what he believes. He uses the words: I think.His opinion may be right, but that doesn’t make it a fact. Even if many peopleagree with him, his statement is still an opinion.
371. Pull out your Reading Practice book. Vocabulary Review1. Pull out your Reading Practice book.2. Turn to pg. 123 & tear it out.3. On your own, complete it for a grade.4. Turn in to pink box.
39Why do Pauland his crewmove from one campto another?
40How does Paul make the move to Red River easier?
41Were the SevenAxemen large orsmall? How doyou know?
42The loggers cut down all the trees of the Dakotas The loggers cut down all the trees of the Dakotas. What opinion does Paul state about the logging and the land? How do you know this is an opinion?
43How do you knowthat Paul is not aselfish person?
44How does the crew try to fight off the giant mosquitoes How does the crew try to fight off the giant mosquitoes? Why doesn’t this work?
45Cognition Questions What is the main idea of this selection? Based on the passage, what does chortle mean? (pg. 674)What is the main purpose of this selection?Why did the author most likely write this selection?What words best describe Babe? Paul?What is the setting of this selection?
46Interpretation Questions What is the mood/tone of the selection?What words best describe how Paul feels about cutting down trees.What does Paul mean when he says, “I think maybe we shoulda stopped a while back.” (pg. 678)How did the author capture your interest?What kind of information did the author need to know before writing this story?
47Critical Stance Questions How was Paul different from the other lumberjacks?What do you think was the author’s opinion of the events in the story?Does the author use any similes? Personification? Irony?How would you change the story if you were the author?Does the ending seem believable?
50Focus Skill: Fact & Opinion A fact is a statement that can be proved.An opinion expresses someone’s thoughts or feelings.In imaginative literature, such as stories, myths, folk tales, and tall tales, facts are statements that tell what has happened in the story and can be proved. They do not have to be true in real life. An opinion is what a character thinks or believes.
51Test PrepOne day Millie heard a giant slurping noise. She ran to the Rattlesnake River. In sixteen and a half seconds, the riverbed was dry.Millie set off to find out where all the water had gone. She came upon Paul Bunyan and Babe, his giant blue ox. She spotted a dribble of blue water running down Babe’s chin. “That ox ought to be kept in a pen!” she bellowed. “He’s gone and drunk up the Rattlesnake River!”Is the statement She ran to the Rattlesnake River a fact or an opinion?A. An opinion because it tells what Millie thinksB. A fact, because it tells about an event that happens in the storyC. An opinion, because the story isn’t true.D. A fact, because it tells about an event in real life2. Which of these statements from the story expresses an opinion?“That ox ought to be kept in a pen!”B. In sixteen and a half seconds, the riverbed was dry.C. She came upon Paul Bunyan and Babe.D. Millie heard a giant slurping noise.
52Finding Facts & Opinions Focus Skill Activity:Finding Facts & Opinionsin "Paul Bunyan" with apartner. Use thesheet provided.
54How to write your tall tale... First, determine what your hero, or heroine, will be like and give them a worthy name. Draw your hero/heroine in detail.Then, figure out what other tall tale characters will take part in your story. Describe and draw them as well.After that, choose a setting (time & place). Be sure your character fits into that setting. Draw & describe it, too.Last, figure out what events will occur in your tall tale. (Make sure that last event is a SURPRISE ENDING.)