Presentation on theme: "The Early Weeks of War G feared a 2-front war, so they employed the Schlieffen Plan. Schlieffen argued that if war took place it was vital that France."— Presentation transcript:
The Early Weeks of War G feared a 2-front war, so they employed the Schlieffen Plan. Schlieffen argued that if war took place it was vital that France was speedily defeated. If this happened, Great Britain and Russia would be unwilling to carry on fighting. Schlieffen calculated that it would take Russia six weeks to organize its large army for an attack on Germany.
The Early Weeks of War Schlieffen's plan involved using 90% of Germany's armed forces to attack France. Fearing the French forts on the border with Germany, (The Maginot Line) Schlieffen suggested a scythe-like attack through Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg.Holland BelgiumLuxembourg The rest of the German Army would be sent to defensive positions in the east to stop the expected Russian advance.
The Germans took food from the Belgians to feed their army. The British blockaded Belgian ports so that no food or supplies could get through to the Germans in Belgium. Hunger quickly became a critical issue for the Belgian people. American business leader Herbert Hoover led a three- year relief effort that kept the Belgian people alive during their occupation.
What Made this war Different ??? 1.Because of the Industrial Revolution, new and more deadly weapons could be mass-produced. Machine guns Flamethrowers
What Made this War Different??? Tanks Poison gas
What Made this War Different??? 2. Steam-powered ships railways and ships could transport vast amounts of supplies and troops across the world. 3. New developments in aircraft meant messages and individuals could travel across distances more quickly.
What Made this War Different??? 4. It was total war: This war organized the whole country, its people and products to provide for the war machine. 5. Countries attacked each other’ supply routes and economies, as well as attacking noncombatant men, women and children. 6. Peacetime freedoms were withdrawn to allow the gov’t. to prevent domestic problems interfering with the war effort.
What Made this War Different??? Never before had the common man taken such a role in modern warfare - building munitions, rationing food and consumer goods to supply the troops, accepting curfews and other regulations the gov’t. laid down, being the target- at any moment- of the enemy. The days of a small professional soldier class fighting to win territory on distant continents was over.