3The Safavid Empire Grows SafavidsOriginally were members of an Islamic religious brotherhood.Brotherhood was founded by Safi al-DinThe land they lived on was between two Empires, so the Safavids built a huge army for protection.
4Taking Over Present Day Iran The Safavids continue to build their army until 1499.In 1499, a twelve year old boy named Isma’il becomes leader of the military and uses the Safavid army to take over Persia, which the country of Iran today.Isma’il has himself named shah, which means king.
5Life under Isma’ilUnlike Ottoman rulers, Safavid rulers like Isma’il hated other religions.Any citizen that did not convert “change” religion to Shi’ism was killed.In a war with Ottomans, Isma’il destroyed the entire Sunni religious population in the city of Baghdad.By killing all the Sunnis in Baghdad, Isma’il caused the Ottoman ruler, Selim the Grim, to order the execution of all Shiites in the Ottoman Empire, these people practiced the same religion as Isma’il.
6Shah AbbasAfter the death of Isma’il, Shah Abbas “Abbas the Great” becomes ruler in 1587.Shah Abbas starts the golden age “time of wealth”Reforms:Limited power of militaryCreated two loyal armiesPunished corruption in the governmentBrought Christian worshippers into the empire so Europeans would move into the empire.
8Changes under Shah Abbas Shah Abbas built a new capital called Esfahan.Allowed different groups of artists, painters, and sculptors to help design and build the city.Art Work:Abbas allowed hundreds of Chinese artists to create paintings, glass windows, pottery, that decorate the churches in Esfahan.Carpets:Countries wanted carpets made in the Safavid EmpireWith so many countries wanting carpets, this helped the Safavid Empire become friends with different countries.
9Safavid ArtHow are they similar?How are they different?
11The Safavid Empire Falls apart… Mistakes of Shah AbbasKilled and blinded his oldest sons.Chose his weak grandson Safi to be the next ruler.Final RulerNadir Shah Afshar becomes the final Safavid ruler in 1736.He was so cruel that one of his soldiers assassinated himAfter his death in 1747 the Safavid Empire collapsed.
12Cultural Blending Turn to page 78 in your textbook. Work with the person sitting next to you answer these three questions…What is Cultural Blending?Where does cultural blending occur?What are cultures exposed to when they meet another culture?
13Causes of Cultural Blending Cause Number 1MigrationPeople moving to different areasor different countries.
14Causes of Cultural Blending Cause Number 2Religious FreedomMoving to a country where youcan practice your religion.
15Causes of Cultural Blending Cause Number 3TradeBuying or selling different thingsto other people or countries.
16Causes of Cultural Blending Cause Number 4ConquestTaking over another country byforce.
17Impact of Cultural Blending Language: Languages are mixed together, or a cultures writing is mixed together.Chinese language used in the country of Japan…
18Impact of Cultural Blending Religion: religions spread into different countries but change their ideas.Buddhist monks believe in different things from Japanese Zen monks.
19Impact of Cultural Blending Government: government ideas spread into different countries but they are not the same.American democracy lets people vote for leaders, Chinese democracy does not let people vote for leaders.
20Impact of Cultural Blending Race: different races come together through marriage.Mestizo are people living in Mexico that have European and Mexican families.
21Impact of Cultural Blending Art and Architecture: styles of art and architecture are mixed together when building new buildings.Builders of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington D.C. borrowed ideas from Greek buildings in Europe
22Exit Ticket Answer the LEQ “Why is cultural blending important for any group of people, or country today?”This is your opinion, but explain your answer…