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GDP Gross Domestic Product James P. Norris – Economics Instructor, Osseo Area Schools, Minnesota.

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Presentation on theme: "GDP Gross Domestic Product James P. Norris – Economics Instructor, Osseo Area Schools, Minnesota."— Presentation transcript:

1 GDP Gross Domestic Product James P. Norris – Economics Instructor, Osseo Area Schools, Minnesota

2 GDP = Gross Domestic Product The dollar value of a country’s total production of goods and services in one year.

3 U.S. GDP 2014, Qtr. 1 $16, 272, 755, 821, 000 (approx. $16 Trillion)

4 Real vs. Nominal GDP “Nominal GDP” is in the year’s current prices. “Real GDP” takes out the inflation using a price index known as “The Deflator”.

5 Per Capita GDP GDP Per Person- Approximately the same as per person income. GDP divided by the population https://www.box.com/embed/lx4uriurbn3xeki.swf https://www.box.com/embed/lx4uriurbn3xeki.swf Nominal Per Capita GDP - $50, 078 Real per capita GDP (2013) - $49, 797

6 What is the BEA? The Bureau of Economic Analysis (part of the Department of Commerce) is the agency charged with reporting the GDP from statistics provided by the National Bureau of Economic Research, the NBER. They are found at and

7 What is the 2013 Nominal and Real GDP? Nominal GDP for 2013: $16,759, 000, 000,000 Real GDP for 2013: $15,797, 000,000, 000 Base year: 2009

8 Economic Growth GDP is reported Quarterly – 3 months at a time. You will see the % change in GDP reported as GDP. For example, Qtr. 1, 2014, had a.1% change. (very small)

9 Recession? Two consecutive qtrs ( 6 months) of shrinking real GDP is one definition of a recession (commonly used definition – not always used by economists) So, are we in a recession? No. We are in a slow “recovery”.

10 The Great Recession According to the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and the BEA, the Great Recession began after December, 2007, and ended in June, So, we are in a slow “recovery”.

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14 The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) reports the GDP Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Current Numbers: 1st quarter 2014: 0.1 percent 4th quarter 2013: 2.6 percent Next release: May 29, 2014 Quarterly data: Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States -- increased at an annual rate of 0.1 percent in the first quarter (that is, from the fourth quarter of 2013 to the first quarter of 2014), according to the "advance" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 2.6 percent. Highlights (PDF) Highlights Detailed Press Release GDP and the Economy: Advance Estimates for the First Quarter of 2014 (PDF) GDP and the Economy: Advance Estimates for the First Quarter of 2014 Previous Releases View Larger Image

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16 GDP- The Expenditure Approach "C + I + G+ (x-im) = GDP. C = Consumer Expenditures I = Business Investment (purchases) G = Government Purchases X = Exports I = Imports

17 This means that you can find the GDP by adding up what consumers buy, what business buys (investment) and what government buys and then adjust for imports (minus) and exports (plus)

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19 Your parents learned "GNP" instead of "GDP". What's the difference in definition? /?pid=2467&uid=15&unit=GNP/GDP /?pid=2467&uid=15&unit=GNP/GDP GDP measures what U.S. companies produce anywhere in the world. GDP measures what is produced inside the borders of the U.S.


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