2Aspects of Culture All societies share certain basic institutions. GovernmentAn educational systemEconomic systemReligious institutions
3What is culture?Culture is a learned system of shared beliefs and ways of doing things that guides a person’s daily behavior.
4Culture region is an area where people share culture traits. What is culture?Culture region is an area where people share culture traits.
5What is culture?Culture traits are elements of culture.Culture can be based on nationality, religion, and profession.
6Race and Ethnic GroupsEthnic groups are cultural groups that share beliefs and practices learned from parents, grandparents, and ancestors.
7Shared culture may include religion, history, language, holiday traditions and special foods.
8Race and Ethnic GroupsMulticultural is when people from different cultures live in the same area.
9Another word for multicultural is multiethnic. Race and Ethnic GroupsAnother word for multicultural is multiethnic.
10Race Race is based on inherited physical or biological traits. Race is sometimes confused with ethnic group.
11Cultural Change Cultures change over time Humans invent new ways of doing things and this spreads to other people.
12Cultural ChangeThe spread of one culture’s ways or beliefs to another culture is called diffusion.
13Cultural ChangeThe English language being spread throughout the world is an example of diffusion.
14Cultural ChangeAcculturation is the process of cultural changes that result from long-term contact with another society.
15Cultural DifferencesA symbol is a sign that stands for something else.Language, clothing, holidays, and flags are all symbols.
16Cultural DifferencesSymbols help people communicate with each other and create a sense of belonging to a group.
17Development of a culture Two important factors that influence the way people meet basic needs are their history and environment.
18Development of a culture Culture shapes history by influencing the way people respond to the same historical forces.
19Development of a culture The environment of a region can influence the development of culture. An example is the Nile River in Egypt. The Nile is central to the Egyptians lives.
20Development of Agriculture For most of human history people ate only wild plants and animals.When food ran out they migrated, or moved to another place.
21Development of Agriculture Gradually the wild plants and animals changed and became dependent on people.This is called domestication.
22Agriculture and Environment Agriculture changed the landscape.To make room for growing food, people cut down forests, built fences, dug canals, and terraced hillsides.
23Types of AgricultureSubsistence agriculture is where farmers grow just enough food for themselves and their families.
24Types of AgricultureCommercial agriculture is practiced in wealthier countries and a small number of farmers produce enough food for everyone.
25Agriculture and Civilization People were able to grow more food and have surpluses or more than was needed to survive.This surplus triggered the development of towns and cities.
26Agriculture and Civilization People were able to have more children and this increased population growth.
27Culture AGRICULTURE AND CIVILATION Humans eat wild foods and migrate. Humans domesticate plants and animals.People develop agriculture and change the environment.Agriculture provides surplus food.Towns and cities lead to civilization.
28Question: What is the connection between economics and politics? SECTION 2Population, Economy, and GovernmentQuestion:What is the connection between economics and politics?
29SECTION 2 ECONOMICS AND POLITICS Population, Economy, and Government Developed CountriesDeveloping CountriesEconomyfree enterprisegovernment control, communismPolitical Systemdemocracycommunism
30SECTION 3Population Growth IssuesQuestion:What are the advantages and disadvantages of high and low population growth?
31SECTION 3 Population Growth Issues POPULATION GROWTH Advantages DisadvantagesLow Population Growth Ratehigh standard of living, enough resources to go aroundlowers country’s ability to produce, large number of older people that may need financial supportHigh Population Growth Rateincreased political power, high productivityhinders economic development, can strain resources
32Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 5 1. What is culture, and why should people study it?2. What is the difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture?3. What are some of the different ways countries organize governments?4. Why are telecommunications devices useful as economic indicators?5. How do population growth rates affect resources?