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U.S. Federal Court System 7 th Grade Civics Mr. John Quiñones.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Federal Court System 7 th Grade Civics Mr. John Quiñones."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Federal Court System 7 th Grade Civics Mr. John Quiñones

2 Text Source: Chapter 7 – p.178 Section 1 - Equal Justice Under Law Section 2 - The Federal Court System Section 3 - The Supreme Court

3 Text Source: Chapter 7 – p.180 Section 1 – Equal Justice Under Law

4 Types of Law Criminal -against society -jail/prison & $ -misdemeanors & felonies Sources of Law Civil -against person or group -$ or forced to change behavior or rules -injury/family/contracts Statutory Law made by law-making bodies Common Law made by judges’ decisions Administrative Law made by gov’t agencies Military Law made by military branches Constitutional Law made by Supreme Court Page 77

5 Bell: What is the role of Courts? List the jobs that a court has Page 78

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7 Who should have jurisdiction? Which court (state or federal) do they go to in a dispute between… …two citizens of the same state? …a citizen of one state against a citizen of another state? …a citizen of a foreign country against a citizen of a state? …a citizen of one state and the government of that state? …two different states? …a state and the U.S. government?

8 What is the difference between original and appellate jurisdiction? Page 78

9 “Pick 5” Get the 5 most important facts Group 1 - US District Courts 1) 4) 2) 5) 3) US Circuit Courts of Appeal 1) 4) 2) 5) 3) US Supreme Court 1) 4) 2) 5) 3) Group 2 - Group 3 - Page 79

10 “Pick 5” Get the 5 most important facts Group 1 - US District Courts 1) 4) 2) 5) 3) Page 79

11 “Pick 5” Get the 5 most important facts US Circuit Courts of Appeal 1) 4) 2) 5) 3) Group 2 - Page 79

12 “Pick 5” Get the 5 most important facts US Supreme Court 1) 4) 2) 5) 3) Group 3 - Page 79

13 Article 3 of the US Constitution Section 1. The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

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15 Review: Which court(s) were established under the Constitution? Circle the answer (or answers) The Supreme Court The US Courts of Appeals The US District Courts

16 Review: In which court do they have jury trials? Circle the answer (or answers) The Supreme Court The US Courts of Appeals The US District Courts

17 Review: What is an appeal and why is it important? Explain/Discuss…

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