5The study of rights and duties of citizens. CivicsThe study of rights and duties of citizens.
6Why Should you study civics? Can you think of situations in which you should be informed of our political and economic systems?Jury dutyVotingMaking an economic investmentWant to change the governmentYou have been discriminated againstPay taxesIf you break the law/go to jail
7What is a citizen?A member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalization and is entitled to full civil rights.
8Citizens have duties and responsibilities DUTYRESPONSIBILITYAN ACTION REQUIRED BY LAWExamples:Jury dutyGoing to schoolObeying the lawPaying taxesAN ACTION THAT A CITIZEN SHOULD TAKEExamples:Community serviceVotingService in the militaryDisplaying patriotism
9Citizenship One cam become a citizen by Birth (natural born citizen) Citizen by blood (parents are US Citizens)Citizens by soil (born on US soil but your parents are not US Citizens.)
10Becoming a US Citizen Naturalized Citizen Immigrants sign a declaration of intention that is filed with the CIS (Citizenship and Immigration Services)One may file an application for citizenship, after living in the US for 5 years (if you are married to a US Citizen, 3 years), living in your state for 3 months, and reaching the age of 18 years.
11Becoming a US Citizen Naturalized Citizen Applicants meet with a CIS official for an interview. The official is looking for good moral character.Applicant must pass a citizenship test.Applicant pledges oath of allegiance to the USIf the applicant has children under the age of 18, they automatically become citizens.
12Becoming a US Citizen Naturalized Citizen Millions apply for citizenship each year, but only about 675,000 are accepted each year. Relatives and people with needed job skills have priority in receiving citizenship.
13We are A Nation of Immigrants “E Pluribus Unum”Out of many, one
14Immigrants: People legally admitted as permanent residents of a country. Illegal Immigrants: Those residing in the US without permission from the government.Alien: non-citizen
15Is the United States a Melting Pot or Tossed Salad? This metaphor is used to describe a culture in which groups of people have lost their specific identities (in other words they have assimilated in to the dominate culture)This metaphor is used to describe a culture in which groups maintain their unique identities within the larger group.