Presentation on theme: "Grammar and Sentences “It is impossible ..to teach English grammar in the schools for the simple reason that no one knows exactly what it is” Government."— Presentation transcript:
1Grammar and Sentences“It is impossible ..to teach English grammar in the schools for the simple reason that no one knows exactly what it is”Government Report 1921
2AIMS To develop an understanding of grammar To be able to use appropriate language confidently and precisely to discuss grammarTo relate grammatical understanding to your own teaching and supporting roles within the classroom and with reference to the adult curriculum.
3By the end of the session you will be able to: To recognise the importance of grammar in language and hold a workable definition of grammar and the teaching of itHold a workable definition of sentencesIdentify word classes and sentence typesIdentify the differences between sentences, clauses and phrasesLink your knowledge to the core curriculum
5Opinions about teaching grammar Learning about grammar is first and foremost a question of learning its grammarIt is the language teacher’s responsibility to know as much as possible about the language itself.Grammar is best learner deductively-that is,by studying rules and then applying rules to examples.Grammatical terminology is best avoided in the classroom.Language should always be studied in its typical contexts of use, rather than in isolation.
6What is a sentence?A group of words that starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.A string of words that carries completeness of thoughtA set of words expressing a statement, a question or an order,usually containing a subject and a verb.The largest structural unit in terms of which the grammar of a language is organised.A number of words making a complete grammatical structure,in writing begun with a capital letter and ended with a full stop or equivalent.
7What are the elements of a sentence? Match the followingSubject gives further information (completes) other informationVerb identifies what or who is the clause topicObject adds extra information about time,manner,place or time of the situationComplement identifies who or what is affected by an actionAdverbial the clause element that typically expresses an event,action or stateFrom Scott Thornbury, About Language
93 types of sentences Simple The cat sat on the mat. Compound The cat sat on the mat and the mouse looked on.Complex The cat,which was grey, sat on the mat.What are the differences between them?
10What if you are not a sentence? You are a phraseYou are a clause and could be a main clause (independent) or a subordinate clause (dependent)Guess the clauses in the sentence below“ I’m going to play the piece by Mozart and she will play the piece by Chopin although she has not practised.”
11Sentence Elements Matching game SubjectVerbObjectComplementAdverbialGives further information about some other elementIdentifies what or who is the topic of the clause or agent of the verbAdds extra information about time,manner or place etc. of situation.Identifies who or what is affected by an actionElement that typically expresses an event,action or state
12What words make sentences? The 8 word classes Noun PrepositionPronoun ConjunctionVerb DeterminerAdjectiveAdverbFind examples of these word classes in the Kate Winslet text