Institute of Technology Bandung Experience in implementing: Indonesian Academic Information Infrastructure Institute of Technology Bandung Indonesia
Institute of Technology Bandung Outline l Overview of Indonesian Internet l Architecture of Academic Information Infrastructure (AII). l Experience in implementing AII in Indonesia. l Summary.
Institute of Technology Bandung References l http://ai3.itb.ac.id/ l http://xxx.itb.ac.id/~yc1dav/ l http://xxx.itb.ac.id/~cnrg/ l http://xxx.itb.ac.id/~adnan/ l http://distance-courses.itb.ac.id/ l http://virtual-university.itb.ac.id/ l http://netmon.itb.ac.id/ l http://nic.itb.ac.id/
Institute of Technology Bandung Internet User Profile l 40-60 million users. l >90% are university educated. l 70-80% are male. l US$40-60.000 / year. IT based business is run by educated people!
Institute of Technology Bandung Indonesian Work Force KOMPAS, 4 March 1997: l 80.110.060 (100%) total work force. l 56.033.911 (69.95% ) in agriculture, forestry, fishery, mining - at the most SD. l 12.193.652 (15.2%) in trade, retail business & services - high school graduates. l 2.868.140 (3.5%) financial, private sector & services - post-high school graduates. l Approximately 60.000 (0.1%) are on Internet. Only small number is a potential IT user
Institute of Technology Bandung The Fact.... l Only 10% of high school graduate receiving higher education in Indonesia. l Only approx. 40 higher educational institutions connected to Internet. Mostly(more than half) through ITB. l Only 0.1% of the work force are in a competitive business environment. Strong demand for continuing education More than half via ITB
Institute of Technology Bandung Indonesian Speed to Internet Exponential Grow
Institute of Technology Bandung User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users Dominated by Commercial
Institute of Technology Bandung > 20 Mbps Many of Educational Institutions Are Connected to ITB No Government Subsidy No Government Incentive Self-finance Self-manage
Institute of Technology Bandung Experience in building a campus network
Institute of Technology Bandung Experience in Internet building l January 1993 - Suryono (Texas) install a packet radio 1200bps to LAPAN. l LAPAN 1200bps to BPPT & Internet 64Kbps. l 286 PC as gateway! to connect the whole ITB campus. l Software NOS (running on DOS) as gateway.
Institute of Technology Bandung Indonesia Topology Jan.1993 Amateur Packet Radio AX.25 at 1200bps PC Gateway 286! Starts from simple equipment We grow the community
Institute of Technology Bandung ITB in 1995 l Telkom Leased Line at 14.4Kbps l RISTI-Telkom to BPPT 64Kbps. l ITB uses FreeBSD (UNIX) as Router & Server. l For the first time ITB sees Web in Internet. l ITB learns to build a campus network (how to handle the lightning).
Institute of Technology Bandung ITB Today.... l T1 Satelite link to Japan. l 2Mbps link to Indonesia IX. l VSAT TDMA & SCPC to various universities. l 4Mbps Uwave Jakarta-Bandung. l 128 Kbps to Jakarta, Surabaya & Malang. l WaveLAN 2Mbps for Metropolitan Area Network (MAN).
Institute of Technology Bandung ITB Network Operation Center
Institute of Technology Bandung Home Made Mgmnt Tools
Institute of Technology Bandung Indonesia Academic Information Infrastructure
Institute of Technology Bandung 3.5 Mbps Aggregate Speed Connected to Indonesia IX ISP, Industries & Commercials. Two major Satellite Systems: BOD (SCPC) & TDMA. 2 Mbps CDMA MAN
Institute of Technology Bandung Key of Success Human Resource Development! Self-financing! Community-based development. The more people the lower the cost Involving students in the process! Gives incentives for education!
Institute of Technology Bandung Philosophy behind the action
Institute of Technology Bandung Arch. of Nat’l Info Infrastructure Telkom, Satelindo, Indosat, CSM, Lintas Arta, Elektrindo Multimedia, Real Time, Telecomm - expertise IP, Routing, Domain, BGP-4, OSPF, RSPF, NNTP, NTP, IGRP, DNS, TCP, UDP, ICMP, MBONE, Multicast, RIP, SMTP, FTP, HTTP, ARP, RARP, POP2, POP3 Web, Video Conference, News, Mailing List, FTP, Tele-Medicine, EDI, Tele-Education, E-Commerce Transfer of Credit Unregistered Radio Frequency for Education Unlicensed ISP for Education Tax Incentive / Break to support Education
Institute of Technology Bandung Basic Strategies l Try to use the existing infrastructure or build your own whenever possible. l Employed Qualified Human Resource. The most difficult task!
Institute of Technology Bandung Proposed AII Strategies l Strategies in AII application layer development. l Strategies in legal framework to support AII. l Strategies in IT & Telecommunication infrastructure.
Institute of Technology Bandung Strategies in Telecom Infrastructure l Leased from Telco operators. l Special educational rate (50% off). l Allocate frequency for education.
Institute of Technology Bandung Legal / Policy Issues Transfer of Credit. Courses from foreign universities. No license for Univ. acting as an ISP. 3% KSO revenue for test bed. No licensed to act as content provider.
Institute of Technology Bandung Strategy in Application Layer l Distance Eduaction: –Training for Trainers. –Non-degree programs. l Focus on Prototyping. l Concept of: –Network of Excellence. –Access / Distribution Center.