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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 1 China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: China’s History and Culture.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 1 China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: China’s History and Culture."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 1 China, Mongolia, and Taiwan Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: China’s History and Culture Section 3: China Today Section 4: Mongolia and Taiwan CHAPTER 27

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 2 Objectives: What are the physical features of China, Mongolia, and Taiwan? What are the physical features of China, Mongolia, and Taiwan? What types of climate are found in China, Mongolia, and Taiwan? What types of climate are found in China, Mongolia, and Taiwan? What natural resources do China, Mongolia, and Taiwan have? What natural resources do China, Mongolia, and Taiwan have? Section 1 Physical Geography

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 3 Physical features of China, Mongolia, and Taiwan: Mountains—Himalayas (Mt. Everest), Kunlun, Tian Shan, Altay, Greater Khingan Range Mountains—Himalayas (Mt. Everest), Kunlun, Tian Shan, Altay, Greater Khingan Range Plateaus, Basins, and Deserts—Plateau of Tinet, Taklimakan Desert, Tarim Basin, Turpan Depression, Mongolian Plateau, Gobi Desert Plateaus, Basins, and Deserts—Plateau of Tinet, Taklimakan Desert, Tarim Basin, Turpan Depression, Mongolian Plateau, Gobi Desert Plains—North China Plain Plains—North China Plain Rivers—Huang, Chang, Yangtze, Xi River Rivers—Huang, Chang, Yangtze, Xi River Section 1 Physical Geography

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 4 Types of climates found in China, Mongolia, and Taiwan: The southeastern coast is the most humid region. The southeastern coast is the most humid region. The extreme northwest has a desert climate. The extreme northwest has a desert climate. Seasonal monsoon winds affect the south and east. Seasonal monsoon winds affect the south and east. Typhoons are common in the summer and fall. Typhoons are common in the summer and fall. Section 1 Physical Geography

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 5 Natural resources of China, Mongolia, and Taiwan: China—Minerals: gold, iron ore, lead, salt, uranium, and zinc; coal (China is leader in coal resources) and oil China—Minerals: gold, iron ore, lead, salt, uranium, and zinc; coal (China is leader in coal resources) and oil Mongolia—coal, copper, gold, iron ore, and oil Mongolia—coal, copper, gold, iron ore, and oil Taiwan—arable land is the chief asset Taiwan—arable land is the chief asset Section 1 Physical Geography

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 6 Objectives: What are some of the major events in the history of China? What are some of the major events in the history of China? What are some features of China’s culture? What are some features of China’s culture? Section 2 China’s History and Culture

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 7 China’s History 500 B.C.—The Great Wall is ordered to be constructed by the Qin Dynasty emperor. 500 B.C.—The Great Wall is ordered to be constructed by the Qin Dynasty emperor. Genghis Kahn leads Mongols in 1200s; Ming dynasty closed China to outsiders. Genghis Kahn leads Mongols in 1200s; Ming dynasty closed China to outsiders. 1600s—The Manchu ruled for 260 years. 1600s—The Manchu ruled for 260 years. 1500s–1800s—Europeans establish trade with China. 1500s–1800s—Europeans establish trade with China. Section 2 China’s History and Culture

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 8 China’s History 1912—First Republic of China is formed under Sun Yat-sen. 1912—First Republic of China is formed under Sun Yat-sen. Communists fight Nationalists and win in 1949; People’s Republic of China created. Communists fight Nationalists and win in 1949; People’s Republic of China created. 1966—Mao initiates the Cultural Revolution. 1966—Mao initiates the Cultural Revolution. Section 2 China’s History and Culture

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 9 China’s cultural features: Ninety-two percent of the population is Han Chinese. Ninety-two percent of the population is Han Chinese. Mandarin Chinese is the dominant and official language. Mandarin Chinese is the dominant and official language. Taoism and the teachings of Confucius are important to Chinese culture. Taoism and the teachings of Confucius are important to Chinese culture. Buddhism is an important religion. Buddhism is an important religion. Section 2 China’s History and Culture

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 10 China’s cultural features: China’s cultural features: (continued) Education is a huge aspect of the culture. Education is a huge aspect of the culture. Government controls many factors of daily life in China. Government controls many factors of daily life in China. Chinese medicine stresses herbal remedies and harmony with nature. Chinese medicine stresses herbal remedies and harmony with nature. Section 2 China’s History and Culture

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 11 Objectives: Where do most of China’s people live? Where do most of China’s people live? What are the major cities in China, and what are they like? What are the major cities in China, and what are they like? What is China’s economy like? What is China’s economy like? What challenges does China face? What challenges does China face? Section 3 China Today

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 12 China’s people: Ten percent of the population lives in the deserts and mountains of the west. Ten percent of the population lives in the deserts and mountains of the west. Northern China Plain is heavily populated. Northern China Plain is heavily populated. Most people live in the countryside. Most people live in the countryside. Section 3 China Today

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 13 China’s Cities Shanghai—leading industrial center and seaport Shanghai—leading industrial center and seaport Nanjing, Wahun—industrial centers built on iron ore and coal mines Nanjing, Wahun—industrial centers built on iron ore and coal mines Beijing (Peking)—capital with high cultural heritage Beijing (Peking)—capital with high cultural heritage Hong Kong—major seaport and center for banking and trade Hong Kong—major seaport and center for banking and trade Section 3 China Today

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 14 Objectives: How has Mongolia’s culture developed? How has Mongolia’s culture developed? What is Taiwan’s culture like? What is Taiwan’s culture like? Section 4 Mongolia and Taiwan

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 15 Despite years of communist rule, Mongolia’s culture remains very traditional. Many people are still nomadic herders. Many people are still nomadic herders. Nomads live in gers. Nomads live in gers. Horses play an important role in Mongolian life. Horses play an important role in Mongolian life. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and the main industrial center. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and the main industrial center. Section 4 Mongolia and Taiwan

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 16 Taiwan’s culture: The population is about 85 percent Taiwanese. The population is about 85 percent Taiwanese. Chinese ways dominate the culture. Chinese ways dominate the culture. Japanese influences are seen in buildings and in certain foods. Japanese influences are seen in buildings and in certain foods. European and American influences are also seen, especially in the cities. European and American influences are also seen, especially in the cities. Section 4 Mongolia and Taiwan

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON People, Places, and Change HOLT 17 Taiwan’s culture: Taiwan’s culture: (continued) The economy is modern and industrial. The economy is modern and industrial. Overpopulation and environmental concerns are challenges today. Overpopulation and environmental concerns are challenges today. Section 4 Mongolia and Taiwan


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