3 Introduction East Asia is the most populous region in the world China is the most populous country, and the oldest continuous national cultureChina and Japan have been rivals from time to timeEast Asia has experienced colonization, and has seen both internal and international conflictJapan is extremely wealthy, but poverty may be found in parts of the regionEastern China is undergoing rapid economic developmentEast Asia is one of the core areas of the world economy and an emerging center of political power
7 “The Heartland” (regions of South central and East) Most populated NorthCold winters, warm/hot summersPolitical and cultural centersSouthMore mild climateRicher farmingHilly… people packed into farmland in river valleys
10 Northeast Formerly known as Manchuria Cold, sparsely populated Many natural resourcesOilIronAluminumOreCoalLead and zincGovt is working to recover these resources more effectively
11 North“Mongolia”Gobi DesertHot, hot summersBitterly cold winters
12 Northwest “Xinjiang” (sheen jee ahng) Desert basin , surrounded by mountainsImportant oil producerWheat and cotton can grow hereRailroads have opened up the areaMany non Chinese live in this area
13 Southwest “Xizang” (shee dzahng) aka “Tibet” Sits among several mountain ranges, including the HimalayasMostly barren, but some farming is possibleChina took over in 1950 and has worked to develop hydroelectric power since
15 Rivers of China Huang He or Yellow River Yangzi or Yangtze River Guangzhou or Pearl River
16 Yellow River Carries very fertile, yellow-brown soil called LOESS Causes frequent flood and destruction… but leaves silt!!!
17 Yangtze River Carries much of China’s trade At mouth of the river is ShanghaiHydro electric power…Three Gorges Dam
18 Pearl River Actually a system of rivers Flows through southern China to the port of Guangzhou (a major port city)
19 The People 95% of people in China are ethnically Han Minorities: Tibetans, Tajiks, and MongolsMany different dialects of the Chinese language, but the official language is Mandarin
20 China's FlagChina's national flag was adopted in September, This flag was first flown inTiananmen Square on October 1, the day of the founding of thePeople's Republic of China.The rectangular flag has a red field with five golden-yellow stars(each with five points) in the upper left corner.The star on the left is larger than the other four.The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution.The large star symbolizes the Communist Party (which rules China) and thesmaller stars represent the people of China.