6ARID CHINASparse PopulationWet ChinaHeavily PopulatedFigure 13.1a: The line represents the division between Humid China, or China Proper, to the east and Arid China, or Frontier China, to the west. Humid China has the great majority of the Chinese population and economic activity, and Arid China is home to many minority peoples.
9urban parents required to have only one child The One-Child Policyurban parents required to have only one childtax and education benefits restricted to first child onlyrural families often given exemptionloss of girls through abortion (as many as 40 million)Active Figure 10.A: The age-structure diagram of China reveals the country’s success in slowing population growth.
15Language Chinese... Spoken Chinese varies…Mandarin, Cantonese, etc. Written Chinese is ideographic…Characters rather than alphabet (click for details)
16Ancient Chinese Philosophy (6th Century B.C.) ConfuciusConcerned with duty, ritual, order, morality, respect, and proper governmentTaoismThe Tao in Tao de ChingLao-TsuConcerned with nature, harmony, flow, peace
20Recent History Republic of China 1911-1949 Nationalists Ruled Chinese PresidentsSun Yat-Sen Chiang Kai-Shek1949, Lost Civil WarFled to…
21People’s Republic of China 1949-PresentCommunist…Mao Zedong
22People’s Republic of China Great Leap Forward ( )20-30 million starved as plows turned into industrial ironCultural Revolution (1958 – 1976)Attempt to remove capitalist and colonial ideas and persons from power
23Economic Liberalization Premier Deng Xiaoping ( ) cracked down on Tiananmen Square Protestors but publicly stated that “To get rich is glorious.”Policy is called “Socialism with Chinese Characteristics.”Special Economic Zones5 establishedForeign investment incentives…Low taxesEasier import/export regulationsSimplified land leasesOpen Cities14 coastal cities…National investment focused on 4
55People of Xinjiang Muslim Silk Road Route Uighur Language related to Turkish
56TAIWAN Chinese province… Colonized by Japan - 1895-1945 Returned to China - WWIINationalist Government fled to Taiwan during Mao’s RevolutionRecognized as the “True China” by U.S. in 1947Tension Remains