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Presentation on theme: "CHINA."— Presentation transcript:


2 Figure 10.3a: Population distribution of Monsoon Asia.

3 Figure 10.5a: Climates of Monsoon Asia.
Fig. 10-5a, p. 278

4 Figure 10.7: Land use in Monsoon Asia.

5 Figure 10.11: Religions of Monsoon Asia.

6 ARID CHINA Sparse Population Wet China Heavily Populated Figure 13.1a: The line represents the division between Humid China, or China Proper, to the east and Arid China, or Frontier China, to the west. Humid China has the great majority of the Chinese population and economic activity, and Arid China is home to many minority peoples.

7 4th Largest Area in World
1st in Population CHINA

8 Population Coast Rivers

9 urban parents required to have only one child
The One-Child Policy urban parents required to have only one child tax and education benefits restricted to first child only rural families often given exemption loss of girls through abortion (as many as 40 million) Active Figure 10.A: The age-structure diagram of China reveals the country’s success in slowing population growth.



12 Urban China 31% Urbanized 360 Million in cities


14 Ethnic Groups

15 Language Chinese... Spoken Chinese varies…Mandarin, Cantonese, etc.
Written Chinese is ideographic… Characters rather than alphabet (click for details)

16 Ancient Chinese Philosophy (6th Century B.C.)
Confucius Concerned with duty, ritual, order, morality, respect, and proper government Taoism The Tao in Tao de Ching Lao-Tsu Concerned with nature, harmony, flow, peace


18 Silk Road

19 Colonial Spheres

20 Recent History Republic of China 1911-1949 Nationalists Ruled
Chinese Presidents Sun Yat-Sen  Chiang Kai-Shek 1949, Lost Civil War Fled to…

21 People’s Republic of China
1949-Present Communist… Mao Zedong

22 People’s Republic of China
Great Leap Forward ( ) 20-30 million starved as plows turned into industrial iron Cultural Revolution (1958 – 1976) Attempt to remove capitalist and colonial ideas and persons from power

23 Economic Liberalization
Premier Deng Xiaoping ( ) cracked down on Tiananmen Square Protestors but publicly stated that “To get rich is glorious.” Policy is called “Socialism with Chinese Characteristics.” Special Economic Zones 5 established Foreign investment incentives… Low taxes Easier import/export regulations Simplified land leases Open Cities 14 coastal cities… National investment focused on 4

24 China’s Economic Zones

25 Manchuria Northeast China X Cold Winter Forested Harbin Japan 1931-45
Russians… Japan Mines, Factories

26 North China Wind Hot, Rainy Summer Very Cold, Dry Winter
Winter Monsoon

27 North China Huang He “Yellow River” Silt Floods

28 North China Ancient Chinese Civilization Xi’an…

29 Xi’an Emperor Qin, 200 BC 1974 Discovery…

30 North China Plain Excellent Soil Farming Wheat Mandarin Cuisine

31 Beijing 2nd Largest City… Chinese Capital for 1000 Years
Forbidden City…

32 Beijing – Forbidden City

33 Beijing – Forbidden City

34 Great Wall

35 Great Wall 200 BC Built to hold back Mongols
Failed; Kublai Kahn was great Mongol emperor

36 Great Wall

37 Great Wall

38 Chang Jiang “Yangtze River” Deep Good for Shipping

39 Shanghai Largest City… Colonial Capital Seaport The “Bund”

40 Shanghai Economic Center


42 Chang Gorges 3 Gorges Dam on Yangtze River
Hydro Power = 18 nuclear plants Massive Lake Displace 1,400,000

43 Figure 13.D: The Three Gorges Dam and the Chang Jiang Water Transfer Project.
Figure 13-D, p. 365

44 South China Xi River

45 Xi (Hsi) River Rice Harvest Hot & Humid Rice Food & Language…
Double-Cropping Food & Language… Cantonese Rice Harvest

46 Limestone Towers

47 Hong Kong Largest City, S. China

48 Hong Kong Harbor

49 Hong Kong British Colony Due to Opium War
British Vs. China, 1830s Fought over access to trade and trade goods Was returned to China in 1997

50 Tibet

51 Tibet High Plateau & Mtns 15,000’ “Roof of the World” Cold, Dry Yaks

52 Tibetan Buddhism Lama  Dalai Lama Communist Invasion God-King 1950s
Dalai Lama Fled

53 Xinjiang

54 Xinjiang Deserts & Mtns

55 People of Xinjiang Muslim Silk Road Route
Uighur Language related to Turkish

56 TAIWAN Chinese province… Colonized by Japan - 1895-1945
Returned to China - WWII Nationalist Government fled to Taiwan during Mao’s Revolution Recognized as the “True China” by U.S. in 1947 Tension Remains

57 TAIWAN "One Country, Two Systems".

58 TAIWAN - Economy Few Resources High-Tech Industries Very Developed
$17,400 per capita in Taiwan $ 3,600 in China

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