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CHINA. Fig. 10-5a, p. 278 ARID CHINA  Sparse Population Wet China  Heavily Populated.

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Presentation on theme: "CHINA. Fig. 10-5a, p. 278 ARID CHINA  Sparse Population Wet China  Heavily Populated."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHINA

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3 Fig. 10-5a, p. 278

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6 ARID CHINA  Sparse Population Wet China  Heavily Populated

7 CHINA  4 th Largest Area in World  1 st in Population

8 - Coast - Rivers Population

9 The One-Child Policy urban parents required to have only one child tax and education benefits restricted to first child only rural families often given exemption loss of girls through abortion (as many as 40 million)

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12 Urban China  31% Urbanized  360 Million in cities

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14 Ethnic Groups

15  Chinese...  Spoken Chinese varies…Mandarin, Cantonese, etc.  Written Chinese is ideographic… Characters rather than alphabet (click for details) Characters rather than alphabet (click for details) Language

16 Ancient Chinese Philosophy (6 th Century B.C.)  Confucius Concerned with duty, ritual, order, morality, respect, and proper government  Taoism The Tao in Tao de Ching Lao-Tsu Concerned with nature, harmony, flow, peace

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18 Silk Road

19 Colonial Spheres

20 Recent History  Republic of China Nationalists Ruled – Chinese Presidents  Sun Yat-Sen   Chiang Kai-Shek 1949, Lost Civil War – Fled to…

21 People’s Republic of China  1949-Present  Communist…  Mao Zedong

22 People’s Republic of China  Great Leap Forward ( ) million starved as plows turned into industrial iron  Cultural Revolution (1958 – 1976) Attempt to remove capitalist and colonial ideas and persons from power

23 Economic Liberalization  Premier Deng Xiaoping ( ) cracked down on Tiananmen Square Protestors but publicly stated that “To get rich is glorious.”  Policy is called “Socialism with Chinese Characteristics.”  Special Economic Zones 5 established Foreign investment incentives… –Low taxes –Easier import/export regulations –Simplified land leases  Open Cities 14 coastal cities… National investment focused on 4

24 China’s Economic Zones

25 Manchuria  Northeast China  X Cold Winter  Forested  Harbin Russians…  Japan Mines, Factories

26 North China  Hot, Rainy Summer  Very Cold, Dry Winter Winter Monsoon

27 North China  Huang He “Yellow River” –Silt Floods

28 North China  Ancient Chinese Civilization  Xi’an…

29 Xi’an  1974 Discovery…  Emperor Qin, 200 BC

30 North China Plain  Excellent Soil  Farming  Wheat  Mandarin Cuisine Noodles

31 Beijing  2 nd Largest City…  Chinese Capital for 1000 Years  Forbidden City…

32 Beijing – Forbidden City

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34 Great Wall

35  200 BC  Built to hold back Mongols  Failed; Kublai Kahn was great Mongol emperor

36 Great Wall

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38 Chang Jiang  “Yangtze River” Deep Good for Shipping

39 Shanghai  Largest City…  Colonial Capital  Seaport The “Bund”

40 Shanghai  Economic Center

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42 Chang Gorges  3 Gorges Dam on Yangtze River  Hydro Power = 18 nuclear plants  Massive Lake  Displace 1,400,000

43 Figure 13-D, p. 365

44 South China  Xi River

45 Xi (Hsi) River  Hot & Humid  Rice Double- Cropping  Food & Language… Cantonese Rice Harvest

46 Limestone Towers

47 Hong Kong  Largest City, S. China

48 Hong Kong Harbor

49 Hong Kong  British Colony  Due to Opium War British Vs. China, 1830s Fought over access to trade and trade goods  Was returned to China in 1997

50 Tibet

51  High Plateau & Mtns 15,000’ “Roof of the World” Cold, Dry Yaks

52 Tibetan Buddhism  Lama   Dalai Lama God-King  Communist Invasion 1950s Dalai Lama Fled

53 Xinjiang

54  Deserts & Mtns

55 People of Xinjiang  Muslim  Silk Road Route  Uighur Language related to Turkish

56 TAIWAN  Chinese province…  Colonized by Japan  Returned to China - WWII  Nationalist Government fled to Taiwan during Mao’s Revolution  Recognized as the “True China” by U.S. in 1947  Tension Remains

57 TAIWAN "One Country, Two Systems".One Country, Two Systems

58 TAIWAN - Economy  Few Resources  High-Tech Industries  Very Developed $17,400 per capita in Taiwan $ 3,600 in China


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